Writing Terminology


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Writing Terminology

  1. 1. Writing Terminology
  2. 2. ESSAY <ul><li>A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>An essay consists of 4 parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Two body paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Concluding paragraph </li></ul>
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION (INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH) <ul><li>The first paragraph in an essay </li></ul><ul><li>Includes the thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis is most often at the end. </li></ul>
  5. 5. BODY PARAGRAPH <ul><li>A middle paragraph in an essay </li></ul><ul><li>Develops a point that supports thesis </li></ul>
  6. 6. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH <ul><ul><li>Last paragraph in essay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sums up, reflects on previous comments, gives more commentary or personal statement regarding subject </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH DOES NOT: <ul><ul><li>Include concrete detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat key words from paper (especially from thesis or introduction) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It provides a finished feeling to essay </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. THESIS <ul><li>Sentence with subject & opinion (commentary) </li></ul><ul><li>Located at the end of introductory paragraph </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRE-WRITING <ul><li>The process of getting your concrete details on paper before you organize the essay into paragraphs </li></ul>
  10. 10. PRE-WRITING INCLUDES: <ul><li>Bubble Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Spider Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines </li></ul><ul><li>Line Clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Columns </li></ul>
  11. 11. CONCRETE DETAILS (CD) <ul><li>Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs </li></ul>
  12. 12. SYNONYMS FOR CONCRETE DETAILS (CD) <ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Specifics </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Ilustrations </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Quotations </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul>
  14. 14. COMMENTARY (CM) <ul><li>Your opinion or comment about something: not concrete detail. </li></ul>
  15. 15. SYNONYMS FOR COMMENTARY (CM) <ul><li>Opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Insight </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Response </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Explication </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul>
  17. 17. TOPIC SENTENCE <ul><li>First sentence in a body paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a subject & opinion (cm) for the paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>It does the same thing for a body paragraph that the thesis does for the whole essay </li></ul>
  18. 18. CONCLUDING SENTENCE <ul><li>Last sentence in a body paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>It is all commentary (cm) </li></ul><ul><li>Does not repeat key words </li></ul><ul><li>Gives finished feeling to paragraph </li></ul>
  19. 19. SHAPING THE ESSAY <ul><li>Step completed after pre-writing & before the first draft </li></ul><ul><li>Functions as an outline for thesis, </li></ul><ul><li>topic sentences, concrete details, & commentary </li></ul>
  20. 20. FIRST DRAFT <ul><li>The first version of your essay </li></ul><ul><li>(rough draft) </li></ul>
  21. 21. FINAL DRAFT <ul><li>The final version of your essay </li></ul>
  22. 22. PEER RESPONSE <ul><li>Written responses & reactions to a partner’s paper </li></ul>
  23. 23. CHUNK <ul><li>The smallest unified group of thoughts that you can write & contains: </li></ul><ul><li>One sentence of CD </li></ul><ul><li>Two sentences of CM </li></ul>
  24. 24. WEAVING <ul><li>Blending concrete details & commentary in a body paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>(comes after format mastery) </li></ul>
  25. 25. RATIO <ul><li>The ratio of 1 part concrete detail (CD) to 2+ parts commentary (CM) </li></ul><ul><li>1 CD : 2+ CM </li></ul>
  26. 26. WORD COUNTS <ul><li>The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C.” </li></ul>
  27. 27. CONFUSED? <ul><li>Never fear </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Laurence is here! </li></ul><ul><li>(rhyming couplet) </li></ul>