Creating Sustainable Campuses


The Morris Model

Managing carbon with hybrid energy systems
Carbon Footprint 2004
                   12,000 tons

                  2004 UM Morris Campus Energy Source Breakdown



 ...
Carbon Foot Print 2009
                   4,000 tons

                2008 UM Morris Campus Energy Source Breakdown



   ...
Carbon Foot Print 2010
                 Less than 2,000 tons

                   2010 UM Morris Campus Energy Source Break...
Energy transformation

                                                          UM Morris Total Energy Use by Source


  ...
Carbon negative

                                                                   UM Morris Net Energy Balance

        ...
Managing Change


• Onsite renewable distributed dispatchable energy
  generation.
• Integrated combined heat and power pl...
The Science of Carbon


•   Old carbon vs new carbon
•   Carbon markets (Global vs Local)
•   Climate change
•   Carbon Cy...
Low Carbon Communities


        •     Create nearly four times more total jobs than spending the same
              amoun...
Drivers of Change


•   Sustainable ecosystems
•   Volatile fossil fuel markets
•   Energy security
•   Economic security
...
Why Morris?
            (Green Prairie Alliance)

• ARS research in soils, alternative fuel stocks,
  and carbon sequestra...
The Green Prairie Alliance:
  Bio-mass/Bio-energy
    Research Triangle
Strategic Resources

                 Soil, Moisture, &
                        Sun
                 Excellent Wind
      ...
Bio fuels
(New Carbon)
Combined Heat and Power
Gasification Plant
Hybrid Renewable Energy Platforms
        CHP with Renewables

Wind Turbines
Steam Turbines
Gasification /Thermal Conversi...
Thermal Conversion of Biofuels

• Morris Biomass Plant:
  – Use up to 8,000 tons of biomass
  – At $54/ton adds $400,000 t...
Opportunities

•   Economic development (LCC)
•   Environmental impact (GHG)
•   Carbon Science
•   Agricultural Research
...
Vision for the Future


• Distributed Renewable Generation
     •   Rethinking energy distribution
     •   Using RE to ma...
Sustainable Campus or Community?


•   Morris Project
     – 1 million sq ft
     – 2000 people
•   How do you transform y...
Research Drivers

•   Energy
     – Hybrid integrated systems with grid intelligence
     – Reduced carbon footprint
•   E...
What are the possibilities?
Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems

     •   Multiple platforms.
     •   Synergy by integration
     •   Business plans and ...
Carbon Markets


• Carbon cap and trade will put value on
  Carbon
• Carbon/Hydrogen/Nitrogen
  – Value Added
• Global mar...
National Leadership

• Designing first wind to hydrogen production
• First research turbine at public university
• One of ...
Back to the future


•   Distributed local intelligent energy systems
•   System wide changes in efficiency and outputs
• ...
University of Minnesota, Morris

• Green Prairie Alliance
   – West Central Research and Outreach Center
   – Agricultural...
Value-Added Partnerships

•   Department of Energy, U of MN Institute on the Environment,
    Institute for Renewable Ener...
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Creating Sustainable Campuses: The Morris Model

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Creating Sustainable Campuses: The Morris Model

  1. 1. Creating Sustainable Campuses The Morris Model Managing carbon with hybrid energy systems
  2. 2. Carbon Footprint 2004 12,000 tons 2004 UM Morris Campus Energy Source Breakdown Purchased Electricity, mmbtu delivered 22% Oil Use, mmbtu 2% Gas Use, mmbtu 76% HGA
  3. 3. Carbon Foot Print 2009 4,000 tons 2008 UM Morris Campus Energy Source Breakdown Purchased Electricity, mmbtu delivered Gas Use, mmbtu 14% 4% Oil Use, mmbtu 2% WT-1 Generated Electric, mmbtu out 15% Biomass , mmbtu 65% HGA
  4. 4. Carbon Foot Print 2010 Less than 2,000 tons 2010 UM Morris Campus Energy Source Breakdown Purchased Electricity, mmbtu delivered Gas Use, mmbtu WT-1 Generated Electric, 7% 4% Oil Use, mmbtu mmbtu out 2% 12% ST-1 Generated Electric, mmbtu out 5% WT-2 Generated Electric, mmbtu out Biomass , mmbtu 12% 58% HGA
  5. 5. Energy transformation UM Morris Total Energy Use by Source 100% Percent Campus Energy Needs 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -20% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year Fossil fuel, mmbtu WT-1 Generated Electric, mmbtu out ST-1 Generated Electric, mmbtu out WT-2 Generated Electric, mmbtu out Biomass , mmbtu HGA
  6. 6. Carbon negative UM Morris Net Energy Balance 50,000 16,000 14,000 40,000 12,000 Net CO2 (Eq) Footprint, Energy Balance, MWh 30,000 10,000 Metric Tons 8,000 20,000 6,000 10,000 4,000 2,000 - 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 - (10,000) (2,000) (20,000) (4,000) Year Net Campus Energy Balance, MWh Campus Purchased Fossil Fuel + Elec use, MWh Net Campus CO2 Footprint, Metric Tons HGA
  7. 7. Managing Change • Onsite renewable distributed dispatchable energy generation. • Integrated combined heat and power plant • District heating and cooling • Hybrid energy platforms
  8. 8. The Science of Carbon • Old carbon vs new carbon • Carbon markets (Global vs Local) • Climate change • Carbon Cycles • Low Carbon Communities (LCC)
  9. 9. Low Carbon Communities • Create nearly four times more total jobs than spending the same amount of money within the oil industry. • Create roughly triple the number of good jobs — paying at least $16 dollars an hour — as spending the same amount of money within the oil industry. • Reduce the unemployment rate to 4.4 percent from 5.7 percent (calculated within the framework of U.S. labor market conditions in July 2008). • Bolster employment especially in construction and manufacturing. The Green Recovery program can, at the least, bring back 800,000 construction jobs. * *Center for American Progress and Political Economy Research Institute
  10. 10. Drivers of Change • Sustainable ecosystems • Volatile fossil fuel markets • Energy security • Economic security • Carbon Infrastructure
  11. 11. Why Morris? (Green Prairie Alliance) • ARS research in soils, alternative fuel stocks, and carbon sequestration • U of MN WCROC agricultural production and hybrid wind to ammonia production • U of MN Morris thermal gasification of biofuels and environmental studies.
  12. 12. The Green Prairie Alliance: Bio-mass/Bio-energy Research Triangle
  13. 13. Strategic Resources Soil, Moisture, & Sun Excellent Wind Resource & 20,000MW Stranded Wind
  14. 14. Bio fuels (New Carbon)
  15. 15. Combined Heat and Power
  16. 16. Gasification Plant
  17. 17. Hybrid Renewable Energy Platforms CHP with Renewables Wind Turbines Steam Turbines Gasification /Thermal Conversion Absorption Chillers Wind to Hydrogen Platforms
  18. 18. Thermal Conversion of Biofuels • Morris Biomass Plant: – Use up to 8,000 tons of biomass – At $54/ton adds $400,000 to local economy. – Avoids 8,000 tons of CO2 discharges – Chicago Climate Exchange. $48,000 – $80/ton may be realistic for fuel stocks
  19. 19. Opportunities • Economic development (LCC) • Environmental impact (GHG) • Carbon Science • Agricultural Research • Public Policy – CBED vs RPS vs REP • Smart grids, distributed energy systems
  20. 20. Vision for the Future • Distributed Renewable Generation • Rethinking energy distribution • Using RE to manage carbon • Creating local bioenergy ecosystems • Creating sustainable communities • Value added biofuels products
  21. 21. Sustainable Campus or Community? • Morris Project – 1 million sq ft – 2000 people • How do you transform your community? – Follow the money – Master Energy Plan • Infrastructure • Resources • Economic insulators – Define your community • Risk vs reward • Stakeholders • Local vs Global
  22. 22. Research Drivers • Energy – Hybrid integrated systems with grid intelligence – Reduced carbon footprint • Economy – Economic security • EU Goal of 50% reduction by 2020 – Green jobs • EU estimate of 10,000 new jobs • Environment – Sustainable inputs/outputs – Carbon/hydrogen/Nitrogen solutions • Food and water – Human caused gains or losses
  23. 23. What are the possibilities?
  24. 24. Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems • Multiple platforms. • Synergy by integration • Business plans and energy finance • Local environment, economy, energy Practical production systems with research and demonstration platforms “Destination Renewable Energy Research & Demonstration Systems”
  25. 25. Carbon Markets • Carbon cap and trade will put value on Carbon • Carbon/Hydrogen/Nitrogen – Value Added • Global markets • Biofuels and green electricity are the currency of the carbon markets
  26. 26. National Leadership • Designing first wind to hydrogen production • First research turbine at public university • One of the first ag fuel gasification platforms • One of the first hybrid renewable energy platforms • Prototype of future distributed renewable dispatchable community based energy systems.
  27. 27. Back to the future • Distributed local intelligent energy systems • System wide changes in efficiency and outputs • Building renewable infrastructure • Innovation in sustainable systems • Hybrid solutions • Environmental vs renewable to: • Environmental and renewable!
  28. 28. University of Minnesota, Morris • Green Prairie Alliance – West Central Research and Outreach Center – Agricultural Research Station – University of Minnesota, Morris • Public and private partners. • June 2 & 3 symposium – Sustainable Communities
  29. 29. Value-Added Partnerships • Department of Energy, U of MN Institute on the Environment, Institute for Renewable Energy and the Environment, MN Corn Growers, Otter Tail Power, Agriculture Utilization and Research Institute, Chippewa Valley Ethanol Cooperative, EERC, West Central Research and Outreach, Central Administration, HGA, Mckinstry, United States Department of Agriculture, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, Office of Energy Security- Department of Commerce U of MN IT, U of MN Mechanical Engineering, U of MN Carlson Ventures School. Humphrey School of Public Policy, U of MN University Services, State of Minnesota, Office of General Council, Students, Faculty and Staff. • Citizens of Minnesota

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