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“ If Only Mr. Ed Really Talked” <ul><li>  Equine Investigations </li></ul><ul><li>  Texas Federation of Humane Societies <...
And God Took a Handful of Southerly Wind,  Blew His Breath Over it, and Created a Horse…   Bedouin Legend
<ul><li>Roughage: Hay and/or access to grazing </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental feed: Grains </li></ul><ul><li>Water: Consta...
Identifying a Neglected Horse <ul><li>Basic Necessities? </li></ul><ul><li>*i.e.; food, water </li></ul><ul><li>Body Condi...
… what to look for <ul><li>2-15-08 </li></ul>
Sick?  Injured? <ul><li>Equine should be active, ambulatory, bright and alert </li></ul><ul><li>Injuries should be noted: ...
Injury/Trauma
Starvation
 
BODY CONDITON SCORING (BCS) 1-5 or 1-9 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ CHOOSE!!!
Body Condition Score 1
 
Body Condition Score 3
 
 
Body Condition Score 5
 
Body Condition Score 7
 
Body Condition Score 9
 
“ 9”  Is Not Always    Healthy
HEALTH  and  DISEASE CONCERNS
Health <ul><li>Condition of hooves: Equine feet need trimming every 6-8 weeks, normally </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory syst...
Diseases/Illness <ul><li>Strangles* </li></ul><ul><li>Encephalitis: Eastern, Western, Venezuelan* </li></ul><ul><li>Equine...
Equine Infectious Anemia <ul><li>Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), or Swamp Fever, is a viral disease which occurs worldwide...
 
Strangles
Fungal Infections
“ Rain Rot”
Ring Worm
NUTRITIONAL ISSUES
Problems Relative to Poor Nutrition <ul><li>Skin and Hair Coat </li></ul><ul><li>Hooves </li></ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul...
“ HOOF ISSUES”
Founder
 
 
 
“ GROWTH CONCERNS”
“ Twister” and “Sandman”…only 6 mos. apart in age
PARASITES
Equine de-wormers… <ul><li>Ivermectin products </li></ul><ul><li>Fenbendazole products </li></ul><ul><li>Praziquantel (Tap...
* Note:   Age of an equine is not a defense in a court of law for maintaining a horse in an emaciated condition.  It is fa...
Meet Farris…
Environment <ul><li>How much space? Pasture vs. stall </li></ul><ul><li>Footing: Wet vs. Dry </li></ul><ul><li>Feed contai...
DEFINE RESOURCES!
RESOURCES DEFINED! <ul><li>Veterinarian(s) experienced in equine medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Handlers/Wranglers/Horse haule...
 
Tools “ not just a hammer anymore!” <ul><li>Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles/Trailers </li></ul><ul><li>Panels </li></ul>...
 
 
<ul><li>~Holding Facilities and/or Foster Homes~ </li></ul><ul><li>Quarantine Area? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safe Fro...
PUT IT IN WRITING!
<ul><li>‘ Outside’ transport assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Foster homes or holding facilities </li></ul><ul><li>~~~~~~~~~~~...
Documentation AN OVERVIEW
Evidence Collection <ul><li>Photos & ID </li></ul><ul><li>Veterinarian Evaluation/Statement </li></ul><ul><li>The Animals ...
ANIMAL IDENTIFICATION
 
<ul><li>Time Dated Photos and/or Video </li></ul><ul><li>Necropsy reports on deceased animals or photos  of deceased anima...
Court Materials <ul><li>Chronological order </li></ul><ul><li>Table of contents and tabbed dividers </li></ul><ul><li>Copi...
NOT  everything you need to know about warrants <ul><li>Types of warrants </li></ul><ul><li>Wording of warrant </li></ul><...
Warrants What are They and How do They Work? <ul><ul><ul><li>Civil vs Criminal </li></ul></ul></ul>*See Handouts Pages 6-1...
Cont. Page 14  Officer’s Return Page 15  Agency Veterinary Check Page 16  Veterinary Statement   “ Just the Facts, Ma’am” ...
Collecting Evidence During a Search Warrant
 
Never Expect Things to Go Exactly as Planned!
 
 
 
 
 
 
Remember Me?
I am 27 years young!  
Thank you…
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If only mr. ed really talked new

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If only mr. ed really talked new

  1. 1. “ If Only Mr. Ed Really Talked” <ul><li> Equine Investigations </li></ul><ul><li> Texas Federation of Humane Societies </li></ul><ul><li>Lone Star Conference </li></ul><ul><li> April 19-21 2009 </li></ul><ul><li> Sandy Grambort </li></ul><ul><li> Tammy Roberts </li></ul><ul><li> Humane Investigations </li></ul><ul><li> The Humane Society of North Texas </li></ul><ul><li> Fort Worth, TX </li></ul><ul><li>817-332-4768 EXT 113 </li></ul>
  2. 2. And God Took a Handful of Southerly Wind, Blew His Breath Over it, and Created a Horse… Bedouin Legend
  3. 3. <ul><li>Roughage: Hay and/or access to grazing </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental feed: Grains </li></ul><ul><li>Water: Constant supply fresh and clean </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter: What Texas law says, what common sense says </li></ul><ul><li>Veterinary care: EIA, vaccines, parasites </li></ul>Basic Necessities
  4. 4. Identifying a Neglected Horse <ul><li>Basic Necessities? </li></ul><ul><li>*i.e.; food, water </li></ul><ul><li>Body Condition? </li></ul><ul><li>Hair/Hoof Condition? </li></ul><ul><li>Sick or Injured? </li></ul><ul><li>Environment? </li></ul>
  5. 5. … what to look for <ul><li>2-15-08 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sick? Injured? <ul><li>Equine should be active, ambulatory, bright and alert </li></ul><ul><li>Injuries should be noted: Old vs. new, scars vs. fresh wounds, evidence of veterinary care </li></ul><ul><li>Vet records: should show history of care </li></ul><ul><li>Common equine diseases </li></ul>
  7. 7. Injury/Trauma
  8. 8. Starvation
  9. 10. BODY CONDITON SCORING (BCS) 1-5 or 1-9 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ CHOOSE!!!
  10. 11. Body Condition Score 1
  11. 13. Body Condition Score 3
  12. 16. Body Condition Score 5
  13. 18. Body Condition Score 7
  14. 20. Body Condition Score 9
  15. 22. “ 9” Is Not Always Healthy
  16. 23. HEALTH and DISEASE CONCERNS
  17. 24. Health <ul><li>Condition of hooves: Equine feet need trimming every 6-8 weeks, normally </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory system: Nose, lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes: Clear with no discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Weight: Appropriate for size/breed/age </li></ul><ul><li>Skin/hair coat: Skin free of fungal infections, hair shiny, soft to the touch </li></ul>
  18. 25. Diseases/Illness <ul><li>Strangles* </li></ul><ul><li>Encephalitis: Eastern, Western, Venezuelan* </li></ul><ul><li>Equine Protozoal Myleoencephalitis (EPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Fungal infections: hooves/hair </li></ul><ul><li>Colic </li></ul><ul><li>Tetanus/Rabies* </li></ul><ul><li>West Nile Virus* </li></ul><ul><li>Potomac Horse Fever* </li></ul><ul><li>Equine Influenza* </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease : COPD or “Heaves” </li></ul><ul><li>* Vaccines available </li></ul>
  19. 26. Equine Infectious Anemia <ul><li>Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), or Swamp Fever, is a viral disease which occurs worldwide. Signs include a high fever, labored breathing, a pounding heartbeat, and exhaustion. As the disease progresses, signs of anemia develop. Horses that recover usually remain carriers of the disease. Most infected horses die within 30 days of getting the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>The disease is usually spread by horse flies biting an infected horse, then biting a healthy horse. The disease can also be transmitted by the use of non-sterile needles and blood contaminated surgical instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cure for EIA so prevention is the key to controlling the disease. The Coggins Test is a simple blood test that is widely accepted as a way of determining carriers of the disease. A Coggins Test is often required to transport, show, sell, or board a horse. Coggins Tests should be updated yearly. Owners of positive horses have to make the choice to put the horse down (euthanized), or have the animal permanently quarantined. </li></ul>
  20. 28. Strangles
  21. 29. Fungal Infections
  22. 30. “ Rain Rot”
  23. 31. Ring Worm
  24. 32. NUTRITIONAL ISSUES
  25. 33. Problems Relative to Poor Nutrition <ul><li>Skin and Hair Coat </li></ul><ul><li>Hooves </li></ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Parasites </li></ul>
  26. 34. “ HOOF ISSUES”
  27. 35. Founder
  28. 39. “ GROWTH CONCERNS”
  29. 40. “ Twister” and “Sandman”…only 6 mos. apart in age
  30. 41. PARASITES
  31. 42. Equine de-wormers… <ul><li>Ivermectin products </li></ul><ul><li>Fenbendazole products </li></ul><ul><li>Praziquantel (Tapeworms) </li></ul><ul><li>Pyrantel pamoate products </li></ul><ul><li>Diatomaceous Earth, pros and cons </li></ul>
  32. 43. * Note: Age of an equine is not a defense in a court of law for maintaining a horse in an emaciated condition. It is far kinder to euthanize an animal than to allow starvation and neglect until death.
  33. 44. Meet Farris…
  34. 45. Environment <ul><li>How much space? Pasture vs. stall </li></ul><ul><li>Footing: Wet vs. Dry </li></ul><ul><li>Feed containers </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation, shelters, and the law </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of feed/pasture/roughage </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity: How much? </li></ul>
  35. 46. DEFINE RESOURCES!
  36. 47. RESOURCES DEFINED! <ul><li>Veterinarian(s) experienced in equine medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Handlers/Wranglers/Horse haulers (beware of the “expert”) </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock equipment and supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Law enforcement agencies (find an “expert”) </li></ul>
  37. 49. Tools “ not just a hammer anymore!” <ul><li>Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles/Trailers </li></ul><ul><li>Panels </li></ul><ul><li>Lariats/Halters/Lead Ropes </li></ul><ul><li>First Aide Kit </li></ul><ul><li>“ the right tools make any job easy” </li></ul>
  38. 52. <ul><li>~Holding Facilities and/or Foster Homes~ </li></ul><ul><li>Quarantine Area? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safe From Injury? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safe From Theft/Vandals? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size of Holding Area? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> - 12x12 Stall or covered shelter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> - Paddocks/exercise pens </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*12-14 ft wide </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*50-100 ft long </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> per horse </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> - Pasture </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 53. PUT IT IN WRITING!
  40. 54. <ul><li>‘ Outside’ transport assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Foster homes or holding facilities </li></ul><ul><li>~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ </li></ul><ul><li>Waivers for volunteers and equipment usage </li></ul><ul><li>Liability insurance </li></ul>
  41. 55. Documentation AN OVERVIEW
  42. 56. Evidence Collection <ul><li>Photos & ID </li></ul><ul><li>Veterinarian Evaluation/Statement </li></ul><ul><li>The Animals ARE Evidence </li></ul>
  43. 57. ANIMAL IDENTIFICATION
  44. 59. <ul><li>Time Dated Photos and/or Video </li></ul><ul><li>Necropsy reports on deceased animals or photos of deceased animals in environment </li></ul><ul><li>Witness Statements or admissable affidavits </li></ul>
  45. 60. Court Materials <ul><li>Chronological order </li></ul><ul><li>Table of contents and tabbed dividers </li></ul><ul><li>Copies of all reports, statements, and written documents which pertain to the case </li></ul><ul><li>Color photos, with identification and time/date </li></ul><ul><li>Expense summary </li></ul><ul><li>All information should be provided to law enforcement agency and court BEFORE court appearance </li></ul>
  46. 61. NOT everything you need to know about warrants <ul><li>Types of warrants </li></ul><ul><li>Wording of warrant </li></ul><ul><li>Officer’s return </li></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><li>Seizure </li></ul><ul><li>Civil vs. Criminal seizure </li></ul>
  47. 62. Warrants What are They and How do They Work? <ul><ul><ul><li>Civil vs Criminal </li></ul></ul></ul>*See Handouts Pages 6-11 Application for Warrant Pages 12-13 Seizure Warrant Sample
  48. 63. Cont. Page 14 Officer’s Return Page 15 Agency Veterinary Check Page 16 Veterinary Statement “ Just the Facts, Ma’am” ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
  49. 64. Collecting Evidence During a Search Warrant
  50. 66. Never Expect Things to Go Exactly as Planned!
  51. 73. Remember Me?
  52. 74. I am 27 years young! 
  53. 75. Thank you…

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