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  1. 1. Tissues Epithelial • Connective • Muscular • Nervous Credits <ul><li>Made up of cells that have grouped together. </li></ul><ul><li>All organs made up of it. </li></ul><ul><li>4 main kinds of tissues. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epithelial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nervous </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Epithelial Tissues Simple • Stratified • Transitional • Home <ul><li>Covers surfaces in the human body </li></ul><ul><li>Protects, absorbs, filters, excretes and secretes </li></ul><ul><li>Has sensory receptors. </li></ul><ul><li>Three types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transitional </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Simple Tissues Simple Columnar • Simple Cuboidal • Simple Squamous Pseuodostratified Columnar • Home • Back <ul><li>Made up of 1 layer. </li></ul><ul><li>Cells attach to a base. </li></ul><ul><li>Four types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Columnar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Cuboidal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Squamous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pseuodostratified Columnar </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Simple Columnar Tissues <ul><li>Used for secretion and absorption. </li></ul><ul><li>Single layer of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Contains goblet cells </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digestive Tract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gallbladder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uterus </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  5. 5. Simple Squamous Tissues <ul><li>Single layer of flattened cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Cells shaped like discs. </li></ul><ul><li>Simplest tissue in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for filtration and diffusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Sacs of lungs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood Vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lymphatic Vessels </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  6. 6. Pseuodostratified Columnar Tissues <ul><li>Single layer of cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for absorption and secretion. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains goblet cells and cilia. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stomach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bronchi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gallbladder </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  7. 7. Simple Cuboidal Tissues <ul><li>Used for secretion and absorption </li></ul><ul><li>Round nuclei in the center </li></ul><ul><li>Cube shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>Single layer </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidneys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small Glands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ovaries </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  8. 8. Stratified Tissues Stratified Columnar • Stratified Squamous • Stratified Cuboidal Back • Home <ul><li>Made up of 2 or more layers of cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Three types of tissues. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified Columnar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified Squamous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified Cuboidal </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Stratified Columnar Tissues <ul><li>Cells are long and column-shaped. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for secretion and protection . </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of multiple layers. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in Vas Deferens. </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely found in body. </li></ul>Back • Home
  10. 10. Stratified Squamous Tissues <ul><li>Used in places subject to frequent abrasion. </li></ul><ul><li>Come in multiple layers. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vagina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry membranes </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  11. 11. Stratified Cuboidal Tissues <ul><li>Mostly found in only 2 layers. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweat Glands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mammary Glands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salivary Glands </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  12. 12. Transitional Tissues <ul><li>Surface of cell is dome shaped </li></ul><ul><li>Like both stratified squamous and cuboidal tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in places like the bladder and urethra. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for stretching. </li></ul>Back • Home
  13. 13. Muscular Tissues <ul><li>Cells are able to contract. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains actin and myosin. </li></ul><ul><li>Cells slide past eachother, allowing movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Three types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul></ul>Home • Skeletal • Cardiac • Smooth
  14. 14. Skeletal Tissues <ul><li>Controls voluntary movements. </li></ul><ul><li>Cells contract causing body parts to move. Attach bones and tendons. </li></ul><ul><li>Long cylindrical shapes. </li></ul>Back • Home
  15. 15. Cardiac Tissues <ul><li>Contracts to make the heart pump. </li></ul><ul><li>Moves blood throughout body. </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts involuntarily. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the heart. </li></ul>Back • Home
  16. 16. Smooth Tissues <ul><li>Also known as visceral muscle. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in hollow organs. </li></ul><ul><li>Pushes substances through the body. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: urine, baby, food </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  17. 17. Nervous Tissues <ul><li>Made of neurons which are branching cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to transport signals from receptors in the brain to parts of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the brain, spinal cord and nerves. </li></ul>Home
  18. 18. Connective Tissues <ul><li>Most common tissue in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for protecting, supporting and binding parts of the body together. </li></ul><ul><li>Four Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective Tissue Proper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bone </li></ul></ul>Blood • Cartilage • Connective Tissue Proper • Bone • Home
  19. 19. Blood <ul><li>Made of red and white blood cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed with plasma (matrix). </li></ul><ul><li>Found in blood vessels, veins, and arteries. </li></ul><ul><li>Transports nutrients and wastes throughout the body. </li></ul>Back • Home
  20. 20. Cartilage <ul><li>Three types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibro Cartilage </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  21. 21. Elastic <ul><li>Made of matrix and collagen fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly found in the ear </li></ul><ul><li>Used for shape and flexibility </li></ul>Back • Home
  22. 22. Hyaline <ul><li>Used for reinforcement and support </li></ul><ul><li>Resists stress and protects body </li></ul><ul><li>Made of firm matrix and collagen fibers </li></ul>Back • Home
  23. 23. Fibro Cartilage <ul><li>Used to absorb shock in places like the spinal discs and knee joints </li></ul><ul><li>Contains a lot of fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Collagen is thick </li></ul><ul><li>Not very firm </li></ul>Back • Home
  24. 24. Connective Tissue Proper <ul><li>Large amount of matrix. </li></ul><ul><li>Two types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  25. 25. Dense <ul><li>Used to connect bones & muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Two Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense Regular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense Irregular </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  26. 26. Dense Regular <ul><li>Parallel collagen and elastic fibbers </li></ul><ul><li>Makes up tendons and ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>Stands a lot of force if applied in one direction </li></ul><ul><li>Connects bones to muscle and muscle to bone </li></ul>Back • Home
  27. 27. Dense Irregular <ul><li>Very strong </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of irregular collagen fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Found in skin and digestive tract </li></ul><ul><li>Take tension from any direction </li></ul>Back • Home
  28. 28. Loose Areolar <ul><li>Made of matrix that has the consistency of gel </li></ul><ul><li>Made of all types of fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Holds extra fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Used to protect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>organs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inflammation </li></ul></ul>Back • Home
  29. 29. Loose Adipose <ul><li>Made up of 3 different fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Tightly packed fat cells </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleus is next to a drop of fat </li></ul><ul><li>Found in abdomen and breasts </li></ul><ul><li>Insulates body, protects organs, reserves fuel </li></ul>Back • Home
  30. 30. Loose Recticular <ul><li>Made up of fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Found in loose ground substance </li></ul><ul><li>Relys on a network </li></ul><ul><li>Supports cells (ex: White blood cells, mast cells and macrophages)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the spleen </li></ul>Back • Home
  31. 31. Bone <ul><li>Made of calcified, hardened collagen fibers. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains osteocytes inlacunae </li></ul><ul><li>Used for protection and support </li></ul><ul><li>Gives muscles leverage </li></ul><ul><li>Stores necessities </li></ul>Back • Home
  32. 32. Credits <ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/ninaisstalkingyou/416577998/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/29248751@N00/578891926/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/29248751@N00/578853463/in/photostream/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244983654/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/8025770@N02/476637901/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/russellchowning/52159077/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244984742/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244984849/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/29248751@N00/578852449/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/tundraboy/374250347/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244990069/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://farm1.static.flickr.com/87/244986694_b3ff5d61b4.jpg?v=0 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/62652170@N00/37035509/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/94611259@N00/1213818822/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244984990/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/jstar/111946382/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244991259/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244958361/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244987352/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/russellchowning/52159489/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1166/1149767069_2f5c55bcfd.jpg?v=0 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/62652170@N00/37035511/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/akay/244976013/ </li></ul>Presentation and Voice Recordings by Nicole Cauchois Song: Soul Meets Body By Death Cab for Cutie Home