Arctic Animals

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  • Arctic Animals

    1. 1. Arctic Animals Polar Bears
    2. 2. Characteristics of Polar Bears <ul><li>A group of polar bears is called a &quot;Celebration of Polar Bears&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Polar bears can grow to 10 feet long and weigh 1,700 pounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Males are bigger than females. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong sense of smell. </li></ul><ul><li>Run up to 40 mph. </li></ul><ul><li>Wide front paws with webbed toes. </li></ul><ul><li>Paddle with front feet, steer with hind feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Paw pads have rough surfaces to help polar bears from slipping on the ice. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Polar Bears Have: <ul><li>Small heads. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful jaws. </li></ul><ul><li>Black noses. </li></ul><ul><li>Black tongues. </li></ul><ul><li>Small flat tails. </li></ul><ul><li>42 teeth. </li></ul>
    4. 4. All About Polar Bears <ul><li>Polar bears have two types of fur. </li></ul><ul><li>Thick, woolly fur close to the skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Hollow guard hairs stick up and protect the bears from getting wet. These guard hairs are like drinking straws, clear-colored (not white). </li></ul><ul><li>The white-looking coat camouflages them in the snow and ice. </li></ul><ul><li>Under the fur, polar bears have black skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a thick layer of fat (up to 4 inches thick) under the skin. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Where Can You Find Polar Bears? <ul><li>The polar bear or the sea/ice bear are the world's largest land predators.  </li></ul><ul><li>Can be found in the artic, the U.S. (Alaska), Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), and Norway. . </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these countries either banned hunting or established rules for how many polar bears you can hunt. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, 25,000 to 40,000 polar bears roam the arctic. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Polar Bears and Their Families <ul><li>Pregnant females polar bears (called sows) build snow dens. </li></ul><ul><li>Give birth to 1-3 cubs. </li></ul><ul><li>Cubs are born 12 to 14 inches long and weigh little more than a pound.They are blind, toothless, and covered with short, soft fur. </li></ul><ul><li>Completely dependent on mother for warmth and food. </li></ul><ul><li>Cubs normally stay with the mother for the first two years. </li></ul><ul><li>Cubs are much smaller than human babies when born. </li></ul><ul><li>Male polar bears (called boars) are active all year. </li></ul>
    7. 7. How Do Polar Bears Hunt? <ul><li>In cold weather, polar bears, except pregnant females, head out onto the ice to hunt seals. </li></ul><ul><li>Have been spotted hundreds of miles from shore. </li></ul><ul><li>When the ice is very thin, polar bears crawl on their bellies to keep from breaking the ice and falling in. </li></ul><ul><li>Polar bears spend as much time on ice as they do on land. </li></ul>
    8. 8. What Polar Bears Eat <ul><li>Polar bears are carnivores (meat-eaters). </li></ul><ul><li>Hunt and catch their prey in the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat mostly seals. </li></ul><ul><li>Stomach can hold up to 150 pounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Polar bears don't drink water. </li></ul>
    9. 9. How Polar Bears Communicate With Each Other? <ul><li>Use body language and sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>A deep growl gives a warning to other bears. </li></ul><ul><li>Growls are commonly used to defend their food source. </li></ul><ul><li>To beg food from another bear, polar bears will approach slowly, circle around the food, and then softly offer a nose-to-nose greeting. </li></ul><ul><li>When a polar bear wants to play with another polar bear , he wags his head from side to side. </li></ul><ul><li>An adult bear will stand on his hind legs, chin lowered to chest and front paws hanging by his side. </li></ul><ul><li>Angry polar bears make loud roars and growls. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother bears scold their cubs with a low growl or a soft cuff. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Sounds of a Polar Bear
    11. 11. Polar Bear Finger Play <ul><li>One momma bear curled up in a ball (hug yourself) </li></ul><ul><li>Two babies sleeping, so furry and small ( use hands to lean head on) </li></ul><ul><li>Three frisky bears tumble in the snow (making fists, turn in a circle) </li></ul><ul><li>Four bears paddle “go bears go” (moving both hands and arms to represent moving water) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Thank You <ul><li>www.nationalgeographic.com/kids </li></ul><ul><li>www.polarbearsinternational.org/photo-gallery </li></ul><ul><li>www.junglewalk.com/sound/polar-bear-sounds.htm </li></ul>

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