Copyrigt In S.A


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  • PolicarpoMatiquite
  • Copyrigt In S.A

    1. 1. Copyright In South Africa<br />By PolicarpoMatiquite<br />
    2. 2. Introduction<br />South Africa is country surrounded by land at the top of two oceans, Indian and Atlantic; is a nation over of 47 million people is one of southern countries in Africa. Is more developed than the rest of countries in the region. <br />The domain of copyright in South Africa is holed by government or state. <br />There are some companies to intermediate the copyright process and intellectual propriety in the country .<br />In academic environment there is no most situation of piracy; but there is copyright infringement as described below<br />
    3. 3. Introduction 1<br />It is important to study copyright and piracy in South Africa and other countries, because gives an overview of how intellectual property and how copyright works, and what is related with.<br />This presentationis organized into three parts; <br />will address the reality in communication in South Africa, <br />will discuss the different factors and elements related to Copyright <br />will address some remarks and conclusion of copyright and how it works in South Africa. <br /> Because of accessibility of sources and to be more accurate, will be used literature work in academic field to clarify the use of copyright. <br />
    4. 4. Concepts<br /> Copyright<br />Copyright protect a physical expression of any idea. <br />Copyright is an exclusive right for an author or owner of idea, during certain period to adapt, publish, and distribute such work. <br />It was created to protect intellectual standard economic rights of a creator and publisher of all original idea. <br />This idea can be represented as literature, artistic mode, music, audiovisual or other forma. (WIPO 2005) <br />
    5. 5. Concept 1 <br />Copyrigth<br />Can be defined also as legal term given for a creator of a literary and artistic original work. <br />Copyright cover all kind of works; like: Novels, poems, newspaper article, choreography, paintings, draws, sculpture, computer programs, (IIPA 2002)<br />Copyright is a kind of license obtained by publishing a specific work in own property, and recognized by legislation used in a certain country or other administrative geographic legal organization, ( IIPA 2002) <br />
    6. 6. Concept 2<br />Authorship<br />Joint authorship has been a debated issue. When more than one researcher decides to publish in a journal, how should the order of authorship should be decided on? <br />One way is to make the owner of the main idea of an article be the first author, <br />the other contributors will be addressed as co-authors according to the relevance and their contribution<br />
    7. 7. Concepts 3<br />Piracy<br />Piracy is used to describe the deliberated infringement of copyright in commercial scale. <br />Piracy is an unauthorized duplication of an original work for commercial gain without consent of legal or right owner. <br />It is a theft of intellectual propriety (IIPA 2002). <br />
    8. 8. Concepts 4<br />Plagiarism<br />Plagiarism is an error on writing issue witout referencing the source. <br />That means that taking ideas presented by others, or rewriting research belonging to others you are doing plagiarism.<br />Plagiarism is unauthorized collaboration between authors where on side of the author are taking by unethical way, ideas from others(Drimanand Gallant 2008) <br />
    9. 9. International view of Copyright<br />Copyright has a purpose of protections of literary and artistic works. <br />Copyright protection means right of author to authorize reproduction and translation of certain work from the time is created in documented form.<br />World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and (IIPA ) International Intellectual Property, are international organizations to administrate copyright issues in the world. <br />By the way there is no international copyright each country or most of the countries have agreed to create basic condition to protect copyright. <br />
    10. 10. Copyright in S.A<br /> The South Africa act 98/ 1978 recognize the following material as copyright protection in south Africa: <br />literature works( novel, poems, text books, letters, reports, lectures, speeches), <br />music works, artistic works (paintings, drawings, sculptures, photographs), <br />cinematographic works, <br />Broadcasts, program caring signals, <br />published edition books, <br />computers programs. <br />According to this act the copyright have duration of 50 years.<br />
    11. 11. Conclusions<br />Copyright infringement occurs most if of the time in a form Piracy, discography copying, program steel, etc. <br />In some cases in academic field there is situation of plagiarism and dishonest authorship which somehow is an infringement of Copyright and intellectual property and freedom. <br />The changes in communication create by ICT’s arrival are also new tool of copyright infringement, by copying and past and downloading some material without referencing that this belongs to different creation or production. <br />
    12. 12. References<br />Alreze, B. 2008. E arquive of pre-print articles: a developing tool in scientific communication, Library and information studies 18 (4): 13-22.<br />Bell, R.1992. Impure science: fraud compromise and political influence in scientific research, New York: John Wiley<br />Bernd, S.2008. Treating plagiarism lightly: Challenge for libraries in the era of digital communication, Bub forum (3):231-233<br />Buck, A.M. Flagon, R.C. and Coles, B (1999) Scholarly forum: A new model for scholarly communication. publication scholarly forum.<br />Courant, P. 2005 conservative revolutionaries and revolutionary conservators: Universities and scholarship in the digital age. University of Minnesota Libraries. <br />Driman, P. M. Gallant, B.T. Plagiarism and academic integrity system. Journal of library admistration, 4 (2): 125-140<br />Feather, j. Surges,P. 1997. International encyclopedia of information and library science. London: Routledge<br />Fjallbrant, N. 1997. Scholarly communication, historical development and new possibilities. 1997IATUL conference, 1-20<br />Heather, J. 2008. A question of access evolving policies and practices. Journal of library administration 48(1) 95-100<br />International Intellectual Property Alliance 2002, Special 301 Report South Africa. 511 -565 <br />Lor, P.J. 2007. Bridging the north –south in scholarly communication in Africa – A library and information system prespectiveIFLA journal 33(4): 303-312<br />Mutula S. s. date Ethics and trust building in digital scholarship department of library and information science, University of Botsuana.<br />Rockewell, S 2007 Ethics of peer review: A guide for manuscript reviewers, New Haven,Yale University school of medicine.<br />Roland, M. C. 2007. Publish and perish: hedging fraud in scientific discourse, Embro (View report) 8 (2)<br />Safa M.S. 2008 Ethical and decision making in journal publishing: An emerging issue to be addressed. SAFA society for alliance, fidelity and advancement. MARA University of Technology.<br />Sagma, O. 2004 ICT’sResearch documentation and scholarlyPublishing in Africa : New pagadigm in the production, storage and dissemination of scholarlywork. Repportgeneralle de la conference sur la publicatione et la diffusion eletronique, Dakar 1(2) 1-11<br />Schirmbacher P. 2006 Changes in scholarly communication process.Ci Inf., Brasília.35(2):51-57.<br />Shearer, K. and Birdsall, W. F. A Researcher’sresearch agenda for scholarly communications in Canada, New review of information networking, 11 (1) : 99-108<br />Tomaselli K. Dunn H.(ed) 2001. Critical studies African and culture: Media Democracy and renewal in Southern Africa. University of Natal, Durban<br />Webb, all. Providing effective library services for research, London, Facet Publishing 2007.<br />WIPO 2005 World intellectual property organization.<br /> <br /> <br />
    13. 13. END<br />Thank You Or<br />Khanimambo<br />