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Japanese Women Their Roles In Society

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Japanese Women Their Roles In Society

  1. 1. Japanese Women, their roles in society Giselle Miguens
  2. 2. Some concepts: <ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Gender stereotype </li></ul>
  3. 3. Before World War II <ul><li>Stereotype of women as mothers </li></ul><ul><li>Training for their place in society began in early childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Women were supposed to be the perfect housewives and mothers. Their unique role in life was taking care of their children, the house and devote completely to their husbands and children. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In Japan there were two main ideas that influenced the stereotype of women </li></ul><ul><li>the ie system </li></ul><ul><li>Good wives and wise mothers ( ryosai kenbo) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ie System <ul><li>Introduced in the 1898 Civil Code </li></ul><ul><li>The notion, ie was derived from the Confucian family father to son, senior to junior, husband to wife and was pushed by the government as an attempted to increase the birth rate </li></ul>
  6. 6. Good Wives and Wise Mothers“ (ryōsai-kenbo <ul><li>Good wives and Wise mothers was a popular social and political slogan in modern Japan, especially after the start of the Meiji period </li></ul><ul><li>This argument received its first public articulation by the scholar and social commentator Nakamura Masanao 中村正直 (1831-1891) in a speech, &quot;Creating Good Mothers,&quot; which he delivered on March 16, 1875. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>“ We must inevitably have fine mothers if we want effectively to advance the people to the area of enlightenment and to alter their customs and conditions for the good. If the mothers are superb, they can have superb children, and Japan can become a splendid country in later generations..” </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>After the end of the War World II, a new constitution was promulgated in 1946 and among some profound changes, women were enable to vote and it was guaranteed for the first time the equality of men and women under the law </li></ul>

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