Taiga Brief Info By Ursula Dedekind, Tess Hochberger, and Julia Rotatori
Where is Taiga? <ul><li>Taiga is mainly found: </li></ul><ul><li>Covering all of Canada and Russia. The Northern Parts of the United States, Japan, and some parts in Europe </li></ul>
Climate Zone This Climate Zone is Located in the Polar and Sub polar Region.
Three Seasons? <ul><li>No, Even though Taiga is a colder region it still has a short summer in the the Taiga Biome’s 4 seasons: </li></ul><ul><li>~Winter </li></ul><ul><li>~Spring </li></ul><ul><li>~Summer </li></ul><ul><li>~Fall </li></ul>
What is it like in the Taiga Region? <ul><li>In the Taiga Region it is usually between the ranges of: (Lows and Highs) </li></ul><ul><li>Winter -65 F (-54 C) 30 F (-1 C) </li></ul><ul><li>Summer-20 F (-7 C) 70 F (21 C) </li></ul><ul><li>For half of the year, the average temperature is below freezing. In the winter the average air temperature is warmer than it is for tundra, which lies north of the taiga. </li></ul><ul><li>The taiga climate has an average annual rainfall of 12 - 33 inches (30 - 84 cm). Most of it falls in the summer as rain. </li></ul>
Trees (They Are Important too Right?) <ul><li>The taiga is the largest biome. The taiga is primarily a coniferous forest (evergreen trees with needles) like the temperate rainforest, but the taiga is located between 50 degrees latitude north and the Arctic circle. Many coniferous trees (evergreens with needles) grow in the taiga. The taiga has fewer animal species than the tropical or temperate deciduous forests. Spruce, hemlock and fir are the primary trees of the taiga. In contrast, evergreen trees do not have to regrow leaves in the spring. However, they risk a chance of breakage from heavy snow falls. The Eastern Red Cedar is a small evergreen that commonly grows to a height of 10-50 feet. </li></ul>
Taiga’s Soil Type <ul><li>Occurs as a result of the acid soil solution produced under needleleaf trees. The main soil order associated with the taiga is spodosol . </li></ul><ul><li>Spodosol soil is commonly found in cool, moist environments under coniferous forest vegetation. Surface litter composed of pine needles breaks down in the presence of water to form a weak organic acid. Acidic soil water removes base ions in solution to create an acidic soil. Easily dissolved materials are leached from surface layers leaving behind the most resistant material like quartz creating an ashy-grey, near-surface layer. Layers at depth are stained with iron and aluminum oxides. </li></ul>