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  1. 2. <ul><li>.Only men could be in the Roman Army </li></ul><ul><li>.Every Roman soldier was a Roman citizen </li></ul><ul><li>.Every Roman soldier had to be at least 20 years old </li></ul><ul><li>.Most soldiers came from contries outside Italy </li></ul><ul><li>.Soldiers had to stay in the army for at least 25 years </li></ul>Who was in the Roman army?
  2. 3. <ul><li>.There were about 30 legions in the Roman Army </li></ul><ul><li>.Each legion had ten cohorts </li></ul><ul><li>.Each cohort was made up of six troops, called centuries </li></ul><ul><li>.Each century was led by a centurion </li></ul><ul><li>.The officer commanding the whole legion was called a legate </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>.Legionaries were the best Roman soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>.An auxiliary was a soldier who was not a roman citizen </li></ul><ul><li>.Some soldiers had special skills </li></ul><ul><li>.Artillery soldiers fired giant catapults </li></ul><ul><li>.Romans liked to fight on foot </li></ul><ul><li>.They used cavalry to chase a fleeing enemy </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>.A Roman soldier wore armour made from strips of iron and leather </li></ul><ul><li>.A Roman soldier wore on his head a metal helmet </li></ul><ul><li>.Every soldiers carried a rectangular shield, curved </li></ul><ul><li>.The soldier’s main weapons were a short sword and a long spear called a javelin </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>.Romans soldiers kept fit by running, marching and practice-fighting </li></ul><ul><li>.Romans soldiers almost always obeyed orders </li></ul><ul><li>.They usually fought in lines, marching forward with their schields facing the enemy </li></ul><ul><li>.Romans soldiers looked like a tortoise, so they called this formation testudo </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>.In Roman times people travelled on land on horseback, in carts pulled by oxen, or walking. </li></ul><ul><li>.All the roads they built were straight </li></ul><ul><li>.The Romans built their roads on foundations of clay, chalk and gravel </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>.Most of Roman Britain was wild, with forests and hills </li></ul><ul><li>.People lived in villages of round wooden houses with thatched roofs </li></ul><ul><li>.Some wealthy Romans lived in villas </li></ul><ul><li>.Most of the Roman villas were in the south of England </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>.Roman builders used stone, brick and tiles </li></ul><ul><li>.Some Roman towns were built at Celtic places </li></ul><ul><li>.Roman towns were neatly laid out </li></ul><ul><li>.The Basilica was both a law court and town hall </li></ul><ul><li>.By AD 100, London was the biggest town in Roman Britain </li></ul>What were Roman towns like?
  9. 10. <ul><li>.If a place-name has “chester” or “cester” in it it’s almost certainly Roman </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>.The governor had the finest Roman palace in london and another one was beside the sea, at Fishbourne </li></ul>Luca De Rosa, Francesco Papetti