Words & Images A Quick Lesson in Art History Grades 11-12
Materials Needed: <ul><li>Laptop with Internet access </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil with eraser </li></ul><ul><li>Lined paper for note-taking </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing paper </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers, compasses, protractors </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpie markers </li></ul>
What do you think of when you ponder the use of words and images together… in the same space? Take 15 minutes to research some examples on your laptop and write them down on a piece of paper…
How many of you first thought of… Newspapers? Magazines? Advertisements?
Well that shouldn’t come as such a shock because you are absolutely correct ! Words and images are used together in all of those contexts. Though they are more of a commercial application, meaning the images are usually promoting people, places, products, and/or services.
But there are many other instances where words and images work together. Words & Images I love you, man! I love you too!
Written languages?! Translation: "Tutankhamun, ruler of On of Upper Egypt " and his throne name, "Nebkheperura"
That’s right…the earliest words in history were in fact, stylized images themselves! Aztec Glyph Mayan Glyph Chinese Character
As writing evolved, some languages still bore a slight resemblance to the images from which they came, but most came to represent only sounds and had lost all resemblance to their visual ancestors. sound sound sound
And that evolution is what caused the initial separation of Art Literature &
The separation was illustrated greatly by the well known Renaissance artists such as Botacelli, DaVinci, Durer, and Rembrandt. All of whom painted with a focus on realistic resemblance.
This separation was also scribed by Renaissance writers such as William Shakespeare, whose prose is still hard for me to decipher without help from an English teacher! The language was more abstract, and the words themselves, far from pictorial.
Then in 1872, an artist named Claude Monet created Impression Sunrise
This Impressionist study of light and color gave way to the Expressionist expression of emotion… The Scream By Edvard Munch (1893)
… which led to the Dadaist protest against conformity… Fountain By Marcel Duchamp (1917)
… and the Cubist fascination with multiple viewpoints! Woman with a Guitar By George Braque (1913)
In the art world, the focus was drifting away from the resemblance of the Renaissance and more towards the exploration of meaning and the illustration of ideas…just like the abstracted use of words in Renaissance literature! "What's in a name? That which we call a rose By any other name would smell as sweet.” Romeo and Juliet (II, ii, 1-2)
At the same time, written word was moving away from the abstracted language of the Renaissance, and moving towards a more direct conveyance of meaning…just like the pictures that focused on resemblance! Resemblance Ideas/Meaning Art Literature The two were headed for a collision once again!
As a result of this collision, came the use of together, in various modern artistic techniques. Words & Images
Compotier avec fruits, violon et verre . by Pablo Picasso (1912) C o l l a g e
Moulin Rouge: La Goulue By Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1891) Paintings & Prints
Atomic War! #3, Page 33 February, 1953 And more modern art forms like Comic Books !
Since the reintroduction of words to images in the 19th century, many artists today are still employing the two to creatively express emotions, meanings, and ideas. Words & Images I missed you, man! I missed you too!
Leslie Dill Small poem dress: The soul selects (1993)
For our next project we are going to: <ul><li>1) Select a person that inspires us. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring a picture of them into Photoshop--> Desaturate--> Posterize with 3 levels (Black, Gray, and White) </li></ul><ul><li>3) Use the grid enlarging technique to layout your 8x10 picture on a 16x20 piece of drawing paper </li></ul>
4) Research text that pertains to your chosen figure. 5) Use this text and a Sharpie marker to fill the gray and black areas of your picture, leave the white areas empty. 6) Vary text size, width, and spacing to create changes in value. 7) Vary text shape to define edges of figure.