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Msf Un Reform And Msf


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presented by Eric Goemaere

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Msf Un Reform And Msf

  1. 1. Un humanitarian reform , coordination mechanism MSF position DHA Africa Eric Goemaere, MSF SA country director
  2. 2. The UN humanitarian reform <ul><li>UN agenda : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>building a stronger more predictable response system , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coordinate finances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trigger leadership </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. A problem of identity <ul><li>Two main sources of confusions : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political <-> humanitarian agenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(peace making ( enforcing) ,democracy, social justice, good governance, “hearts and minds” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanitarian action <-> development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resident coordinator frequently humanitarian coordinator ( all Southern African countries except Zimbabwe) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. UN perspective : a need to coordinate actions <ul><li>Within the UN families </li></ul><ul><li>Within the INGO’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>37.000 INGO’s formed in the 90’only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse and motives : political , religious, financial ( Ache tsunami) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trend to privatize logistical functions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embedded NGO’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Within local NGO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>since 2003, >1000 local NGO’s created in Kabul only within 18 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actually not really invited </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. MSF perspective : a priority for independence and clear identity <ul><li>High intensity conflict settings : independence =security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irak / Somalia / Afghanistan : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impartiality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone/Angola : the good and and the bad victims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid confusion between humanitarian and political identity </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy based on consensus ? Smallest common denominator </li></ul>
  6. 6. Humanitarian dilemma : between Icarus and Sisyphus <ul><li>Icarus : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a peace/democracy/”better world” maker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>legitimacy issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for “the solution” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sisyphus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An ongoing frustration to save human suffering </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. MSF perspective : does it answer initial objectives ? <ul><li>Stronger humanitarian response ? </li></ul><ul><li>Financial coordination ( Cerf) : beyond reach for most </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>No coordination does not mean no collaboration : sharing information -> define an operational strategy -> define a common positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Context specific </li></ul>
  8. 8. Humanitarian dilemma : the world is changing <ul><li>A new political environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>refugees -> displaced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban migration and violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific cultural identities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Re-emerging state sovereignty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ deregulated environment” -> state sovereignty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sphere standards <-> national rules and regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional political entities ( AU, SADC,..) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Humanitarian dilemma : the world is changing <ul><li>Civil society is emerging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top-down versus bottom-up approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenging to their own leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenging the Un legitimacy ( Joburg xenophobic violence) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closer to the beneficiaries ( Access to ARV’s) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Is there a future for a UN driven humanitarian system ? <ul><li>Failure to protect overshadows the assistance potential successes </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability of the UN system <-> versus citizen pressure on their own government ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building democracy ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Universalism of the “humanitarian system” ethos ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not everyone’s value …ICC and President El Bashir </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. MSF internal reflexion <ul><li>Independence might become isolationism </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel peace prize paradox </li></ul><ul><li>New emerging situations ( urban violence, HIV/Aids, epidemics..) require a new modus operandi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More networking (local NGO’s, political factions ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller teams , more infiltrative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internationalization -> Cultural mix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less standard , more adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling our size </li></ul></ul>