Body Language


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  • We use gestures, facial expressions, smiles, and even eye contact to communicate that we like or don’t like someone. Even clothes we wear influence others, hair, kind of eye glasses we select can influence others….. Mehrabian’s formula indicates that, only 7% is communicated by words…38% is communicated by how we use our voice(rate, pitch, and volume of speech). 55% is result of facial expressions (smiles,eye contact, and frowns).
  • Body Language

    1. 1. Body Language The gestures, postures, and facial expressions by which a person manifests various physical, mental, or emotional states and communicates nonverbally with others. -- The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language Presented By Ransom.J GSHR
    2. 2. Types of body language <ul><li>Eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Face </li></ul><ul><li>Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Hand Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Personal space </li></ul><ul><li>Body contact </li></ul>To express each and every feeling or emotion, words are not necessary.
    3. 3. Importance of Body Language <ul><li>Ekman and Friesen have distinguished three levels of nonverbal cues: </li></ul><ul><li>Informative Behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Communicative Behaviour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One’s Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The way we move </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The face tells much </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Reading Body Language </li></ul><ul><li>How prevalent is Non verbal behaviour? </li></ul><ul><li>Body Language in Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Personal space as it relates to Body language </li></ul><ul><li>Tactile communication –Its touching </li></ul><ul><li>Nonverbal attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Influences </li></ul>
    5. 5. Space: Distance doesn’t Lend Enchantment <ul><li>Intimate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close phase (0-6”) Lovers embracing, soft whispering occurs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Far phase(6”-18”) Mother-Child looking at book together; close friends discussing secret; audible whispering. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close phase (18”-30”) Husband and wife planning a party; parent-child in friendly conversation; soft voice when indoors; full voice outdoors </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Far phase(30”-40”) Discussion of subjects of personal interest and involvement; social exchange over cup of coffee. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- Close phase 4’ – 7’ Impersonal business discussions; discussions with fellow workers on the job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>--Far phase 7’-12’ More formal business discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Close phase 12’-25’ voice is loud but not full volume; one person addressing a small group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>--Far phase 25’ or more. Public speeches before large group. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR </li></ul><ul><li>Brisk, erect walk </li></ul><ul><li>Standing with hands on hips </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting with legs crossed, foot kicking slightly </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting, legs apart </li></ul><ul><li>Arms crossed on chest </li></ul><ul><li>Walking with hands in pockets, shoulders hunched </li></ul><ul><li>Hand to cheek </li></ul><ul><li>Touching, slightly rubbing nose </li></ul><ul><li>Rubbing the eye </li></ul><ul><li>Hands clasped behind back </li></ul><ul><li>Locked ankles </li></ul><ul><li>Head resting in hand, eyes downcast </li></ul><ul><li>INTERPRETATION </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Readiness, aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Boredom </li></ul><ul><li>Open, relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>Defensiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Dejection </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation, thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection, doubt, lying </li></ul><ul><li>Doubt, disbelief </li></ul><ul><li>Anger, frustration, apprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Apprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Boredom </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Non verbal Behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Rubbing hands </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting with hands clasped behind head, legs crossed </li></ul><ul><li>Open palm </li></ul><ul><li>Pinching bridge of nose, eyes closed </li></ul><ul><li>Tapping or drumming fingers </li></ul><ul><li>Patting/fondling hair </li></ul><ul><li>Tilted head </li></ul><ul><li>Stroking chin </li></ul><ul><li>Looking down, face turned away </li></ul><ul><li>Biting nails </li></ul><ul><li>Pulling or tugging at ear </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipation </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence, superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Sincerity, openness, innocence </li></ul><ul><li>Negative evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Impatience </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of self-confidence; insecurity </li></ul><ul><li>Interest </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to make a decision </li></ul><ul><li>Disbelief </li></ul><ul><li>Insecurity, nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>Indecision </li></ul>
    9. 9. Paralanguage- Vocal associate of words <ul><li>It refers to those nonverbal characteristics associated with the production of words through speech. </li></ul><ul><li>These include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate and rhythm of speech. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. In a Class Set up The amount of liking we have for another person is primarily communicated by body language.
    11. 12. What do they convey ?
    12. 13. Dramatics
    13. 14. What has happened?
    14. 15. Postures
    15. 16. Expressions
    16. 17. Gestures
    17. 18. Facial Expressions
    18. 20. References <ul><li>William D. Brooks, Philip Emmert. Interpersonal Communications, Wm.C.Brown Company publishers. (Pages 117-143). </li></ul><ul><li>Fast,Julius.Body language.New York:Pocket Books,1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Mehrabian,Albert. Silent messages. Wadsworth publishing Co., 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Knapp,Mark L. Nonverbal Communication in Human Interaction. </li></ul><ul><li>New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston,1972. </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines: Images and Datas from Google, </li></ul><ul><li>Nonverbal Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures: Body Language and Nonverbal Communication </li></ul><ul><li>About Body Language </li></ul><ul><li>Body Language </li></ul>
    19. 21. Thank You Friends for being patient