Indus River Valley

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Indus River Valley

  1. 1. Indus River Valley By : Rasheda Johnson Tatyana Polite Matthew Phillips Rebecca Van Meter
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>The Indus River Valley people were naturally protected because there was a desert under them and mountains above them </li></ul><ul><li>Monsoons: are large storms that cause a lot of rain and flooding. </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely did monsoons occure in the summer, this caused droughts and crops to die. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Type of Government/ Political Structure <ul><li>Had a monarchy Government </li></ul><ul><li>Had Rajahs </li></ul><ul><li>Rajahs that each ruled many different cities </li></ul><ul><li>Indus Priest were somewhat in charge of the Government. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cultural Aspects of Ancient Civilization <ul><li>Domesticated animals, harvested crops </li></ul><ul><li>Described as a agricultural civilization </li></ul><ul><li>TRADED A LOT. </li></ul><ul><li>Traded jewelry, seals, pots, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Used bronze and stones </li></ul><ul><li>There language has not yet been translated </li></ul>
  5. 5. Religion <ul><li>Theocracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Prayed for good harvest and safety from floods. </li></ul><ul><li>Worshiped Shiva a goddess, they believed that she was a mother goddess </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social Structure <ul><li>Had a merchant class </li></ul><ul><li>Trade was controlled by private merchants </li></ul><ul><li>1. Priest </li></ul><ul><li>2. Soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>3. Wealthy merchants, farmers and tradesmen </li></ul><ul><li>4. Servants and menial Labors </li></ul>
  7. 7. Trade <ul><li>Traded through rural agricultural committees and mining areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Also traded with central Asia, the Arabian Gulf region, and distant Mesopotamia cities </li></ul><ul><li>Used ships to travel </li></ul><ul><li>Traded exquisite beads, pottery, grain, live stock, ect. </li></ul>
  8. 8. War <ul><li>The Indus valley people did not like to engage in war </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of fighting they would rather talk it out and make peace </li></ul>
  9. 9. Technology and Ideas <ul><li>Made weapons and tools out of bronze. </li></ul><ul><li>They lacked swords. </li></ul><ul><li>Spears and sharp points were so weak they would crumble on contact </li></ul><ul><li>Used stone to make arrow heads </li></ul>
  10. 10. Important Rulers and leaders <ul><li>Had Rajahs that each ruled different cities </li></ul><ul><li>Priest were rulers as well </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers governed through trade and religion, not military strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Also served Harappa as a priest and a God </li></ul>
  11. 11. Roles/ treatment of women <ul><li>Women fetched water, spun thread, weaving, cooked, and preserved food. </li></ul><ul><li>Women and girls jobs were to learn how to run a house hold </li></ul>
  12. 12. Decline of the Civilization <ul><li>The Indus Valley’s City gradually began to decay. </li></ul><ul><li>A shift in the earth’s tectonic plates caused earthquakes and floods </li></ul><ul><li>This led to the Indus River altering its course. </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers began to dry up and trade became impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>City began to die. </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ No golden tombs, no fancy ziggurats. Four thousand years ago city builders in the Indus Valley mad deals, not war, and created a stable, peaceful, and prosperous culture”

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