California History


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

California History

  1. 1. California History Kate Boyle 2009-2010 Fourth Grade
  2. 2. The Coast Region <ul><li>The coast region is the busiest and most populated region in California.
  3. 3. Its climate is cool summers and mild winters.
  4. 4. Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, and Oakland are this regions major cities. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Desert Region <ul><li>The desert region is hot and dry and gets less than 10 inches of rain each year.
  6. 6. Plants that grow here have deep roots and hold in lots of water in their stems.
  7. 7. The Joshua Tree National Parks are good places to visit. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Mountain Region <ul><li>The mountain region has the tallest mountain in the lower 48 states, Mt. Whitney.
  9. 9. Tahoe and Ridgecrest are the major cities in that region.
  10. 10. There are lots of timber and mining industries in the Mountain Region. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Valley Region <ul><li>The valley region has good soil for for farming, dairy, and agriculture.
  12. 12. Good cities to visit are Bakersfield, Fresno, and Sacramento.
  13. 13. It has hot summers and cold winters which does not make it a good place to visit. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who decided to go to the Indies by sailing to the west instead of the east.
  15. 15. He did not really find America he found Cuba and Haidie.
  16. 16. Columbus had three ships and one was the Pinto. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Juan Cabrillo <ul><li>In 1542, Juan Cabrillo sailed from Mexico to find a route to Asia.
  18. 18. He found San Diego, Cape San Martin, and San Miguel when he found “the new world.”
  19. 19. Cabrillo named it Alta California which means Upper California. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sir Frances Drake <ul><li>In 1579 Sir Frances Drake sailed along California's coast and found a bay near San Francisco.
  21. 21. He named the bay Nova Albion which means New England.
  22. 22. Sir Drake attacked many Spanish ships which made him the first pirate. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Captain James Cook <ul><li>Captain James Cook was a sailer, explorer, and a mapmaker.
  24. 24. He mapped the coast of New Zealand, Australia, and Antarctica.
  25. 25. Cook traveled to the west coast of North America and mapped it more accurately then others </li></ul>
  26. 26. Father Junipero Serra <ul><li>Father Serra was a Spanish missionary who left Majorca, Spain to spread his religion to others.
  27. 27. When he visited America he set up nine missions with more than 100 Native Americans in each! </li></ul>
  28. 28. Gaspar de Portola <ul><li>Gaspar de Portola was sent by Spain in 1767 to set up a colony in California.
  29. 29. When Portola arrived he set out on an expadition to Monterey.
  30. 30. Father Juan Crespi and Father Junipero Serra accompanied Portola on his journys. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Presidios <ul><li>Presidio means fort in Spanish.
  32. 32. The forts stopped Indians from leaving missions and stop other countries from getting into their land.
  33. 33. Over 100 soldiers lived in the Presidios. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Missions <ul><li>Native Americans were sometimes forced into missions if they chose not to live in missions.
  35. 35. The missionaries were protected by soldiers </li></ul>
  36. 36. John Sutter <ul><li>John Sutter built Sutters fort in 1841 where the Sacramento and American Rivers meet.
  37. 37. He became very rich selling supplies to settlers that were passing through the area. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Fort Ross <ul><li>Fort Ross was founded by a Russian settler named Ivan Kuskov who was leading a group of Russian and Alaskan settlers to California.
  39. 39. The fort was built to be a trading post to trade hunted otter pelt for goods. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Jedediah Smith <ul><li>Jedediah Smith was a fur trapper who came to California in 1826.
  41. 41. He traveled over the Utah and Mojave Deserts.
  42. 42. He came to California to trap beavers for their pelts. </li></ul>
  43. 43. James Beckworth <ul><li>James Beckworth was an African American guide and led settlers to California in the 1850's.
  44. 44. His father was white but his mother was an African American slave. </li></ul>
  45. 45. John Bidwell <ul><li>Bidwell was one of the first settlers to come to California in the wagon train in 1841.
  46. 46. He traveled from Independence, Missouri to California. </li></ul>
  47. 47. John C. Fermont <ul><li>Fermont made maps of California in the 1840's and then sent reports to the U.S government.
  48. 48. Later, he helped in the Mexican American war. </li></ul>
  49. 49. The 49ers <ul><li>They left their homes in 1848 and arrived in California in 1849.
  50. 50. 49ers came to mine for gold. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Sam Brannan <ul><li>Sam Brannan bought all the mining tools in CA and ran through town waving a bottle of gold and yelling.
  52. 52. People came to him to buy gold mining tools and he became extremely rich. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Levi Strauss <ul><li>Levi Strauss was an entrepreneur or a person who starts a new business with a hope of making money.
  54. 54. He invented denim jeans for miners because they needed tougher pants for gold mining. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Bridget Biddy Mason <ul><li>Biddy Mason was a slave that lived on a plantation.
  56. 56. Her master brought her to CA where slavery was illegal and she petitioned for her freedom and won it.
  57. 57. After she became a nurse and bought land around LA. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Mary Tape <ul><li>Mary Tape was a Chinese woman who moved to CA for her daughters education.
  59. 59. When she found out the schools were segregated she sued the San Francisco Board of Education and a school for Chinese Americans was established. </li></ul>
  60. 60. The Mexican American War <ul><li>The Mexican American war took place in 1846.
  61. 61. They were fighting over who should be in charge of California.
  62. 62. America won and the war ended in 1848. </li></ul>
  63. 63. About the Creator <ul><li>My name is Kate Boyle.
  64. 64. I am in fourth grade
  65. 65. I have a retainer that is pink with a picture of a cat on it.
  66. 66. I have two rabbits named willow and snowball.
  67. 67. I love animals! </li></ul>