Ch 10 Power point

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Ch 10 Power point

  1. 1. CHAPTER 10 THE COURTS AND THE SCHOOLS AMERICAN EDUCATION BY JOEL SPRING
  2. 2. THE 1 ST AND 14 TH AMENDMENT <ul><li>MANY OF THESE CASE INVOLVE THE PREVIOUS STATED AMENDMENTS AND ARE STILL TO BE ABIDED BY TEACHERS AND CLUBS TO THIS DATE. </li></ul><ul><li>SOME OF THE QUESTIONS PUT TO THE CONGRESS IN THIS CHAPTER ARE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CAN PUBLIC SCHOOLS REQUIRE URINE SAMPLES? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CAN SCHOOL VOUCHERS BE USED TO ATTEND RELIGIOUS SCHOOLS? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IS THE ANSWER YES OR NO? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 14 TH AMENDMENT GUARANTEES <ul><li>STATES CANNOT TAKE AWAY ANY RIGHTS GRANTED TO AN INDIVIDUAL AS A CITIZEN OF THE USA. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DRUG TESTING <ul><li>BOARD OF EDUCATION OF POTTAWATOMIE COUNTY VS. EARLS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCHOOL DISTRICT REQUIRED STUDENTS TO SUBMIT A URINE SAMPLE TO PARTICIPATE IN ACTIVITIES. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PARENTS BELIEVED THAT THIS WAS ILLEGAL BASED ON 14 TH AMENDMENT; UNREASONABLE SEARCHES- PROBABLE CAUSE. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. DRUG TESTING <ul><li>U.S. SUPREME COURT RULED: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DRUG TESTING IS NOT A VIOLATION OF 14 TH AMENDMENT. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DECISION MEANT THAT ANY SCHOOL CAN ADOPT A SCHOOL DRUG POLICY MODELED AFTER THIS CASE. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>THOUGHTS ON CASE? </li></ul>
  6. 6. FREEDOM OF SPEECH <ul><li>TINKER VS. DES MOINES INDEPENDENT SCHOOL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STUDENTS DECIDED TO WEAR ARM BANDS IN PROTEST TO VIETNAM WAR. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SCHOOL AUTHORITIES STATED THAT ANY STUDENT CAUGHT WEARING ARM BAND WOULD BE SUSPENDED. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. COURT RULED ?? ANY GUESSES? </li></ul>
  7. 7. FREEDOM OF SPEECH <ul><li>U.S. COURT RULED THAT: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STUDENTS MAY EXPRESS OPINIONS OVER CONTROVERSIAL SUBJECTS LIKE THE CONFLICT IN VIETNAM WITHOUT FEAR OF SUSPENSION. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. GAYS IN BOYSCOUTS <ul><li>BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA VS. DALE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BOY SCOUTS AUTHORITY DECIDED TO DENY MEMBERSHIP TO ANY HOMOSEXUAL APPLYING FOR MEMBERSHIP. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SUPREME COURT RULED?? GUESS </li></ul>
  9. 9. GAYS IN BOYSCOUTS <ul><li>SUPREME COURT RULED: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IT IS THE RIGHT OF EVERY PRIVATE ASSOCIATION TO SET ITS OWN STANDARDS FOR MEMBERSHIP. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANY THOUGHTS??? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. SEXUAL HARASSMENT <ul><li>FRANKLIN VS. GWINNETT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SUPREME COURT RULED THAT STUDENTS WHO WERE SEXUALLY HARASSED BY TEACHERS COULD SUE FOR MONETARY GAIN. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TEACHING UNIONS PROVIDE LAWYER?? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. RELIGION <ul><li>FIRST AMENDMENT! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CONGRESS SHALL MAKE NO LAW OF RESPECTING AN ESTABLISHMENT OF RELIGION, OR PROHIBITING THE FREE EXERCISE THEREOF. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THOUGHTS ON MEET AT THE POLE HIGH SCHOOL CHURCH SERMON/SERVICE? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. RELIGION <ul><li>ZELMAN VS. SIMMONS-HARRIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VOUCHERS- USED BY STUDENTS/PARENTS TO ATTEND ANOTHER SCHOOL IN DISTRICT . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CASE FOCUSED ON USING GOVERNMENT VOUCHERS TO ATTEND SCHOOLS WITH RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>DECISION STATED THE VOUCHER COULD BE USED TO ATTEND ANY ACCREDITED PRIVATE OR PUBLIC SCHOOL </li></ul>
  13. 13. SCHOOL PRAYER <ul><li>WHEN IS SCHOOL PRAYER APPROPRIATE? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WHEN STUDENTS NOT CLERGY DELIEVER THE PRAYER. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THESE STUDENT SPEAKER WERE NOT PICKED UPON ACADEMIC STANDING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCHOOL OFFICIAL LET THE STUDENT CHOOSE THE CONTENT OF THEIR SPEECHES . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT LOCKER ROOM “OUR FATHER” PRAYER BEFORE SPORTS CONTESTS? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. SCHOOL PRAYER <ul><li>NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ACT STATES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THE US DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PLAYS AN ACTIVE ROLE IN ENSURING THAT SCHOOL DISTRICTS ALLOW FOR SCHOOL PRAYER WITHIN THE BOUNDARIES OF THE LAW. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. EVOLUTION AND CREATIONISM <ul><li>LOUISIANNA LEGISLATION PASSED LAW THAT ANY SCHOOL TEACHING EVOLUTION GIVES EQUAL TEACHING TIME TO CREATIONISM. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LED TO EDWARDS VS. AGUILLARD COURT CASE. PUTTING LEGISLATION TO THE TEST. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US SUPREME COURT RULED?? THOUGHTS? </li></ul>
  16. 16. EVOLUTION AND CREATIONISM <ul><li>SUPREME COURT RULED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DECLARED LEGISLATION UNCONSTITUTIONAL. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. TEACHERS LIABILITY <ul><li>TEACHERS ARE HELD LIABLE FOR: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TEACHER INJURE THE STUDENTS OR DO NOT PROTECT STUDENTS FROM. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TEACHERS DO NOT USE DUE CARE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TEACHERS’ CARELESSNESS RESULTS IN STUDENT INJURY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STUDENTS SUSTAIN PROVABLE INJURY </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. END OF CHAPTER 10 <ul><li>THANK YOU FOR YOUR </li></ul><ul><li>ATTENTION!!! </li></ul>

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