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Latin Exam I
  Chapters 1-8
Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
Ablative
Vocative
Cases                                       *only Acc and Abl can
                                            take preposi...
First Declension
nouns and adjectives
       case       singular   plural
    Nominative         -a     -ae
      Genitive...
First Declension Examples
puella, puellae

        case      singular    plural
     Nominative   puella      puellae
    ...
second declensions
for masculine / feminine nouns and adjectives



           case              singular           plural...
second declensions
amicus, amici = friend

         case            singular    plural
    nominative           amicus    ...
second declensions
puer, pueri = boy

         case       singular    plural
    nominative       puer       pueri
      g...
second declensions
for neuter nouns and adjectives


       case            singular   plural
   nominative             -u...
second declensions
for neuter nouns and adjectives
bellum = war

      case            singular     plural
 nominative    ...
third declension
Masculine & feminine nouns and adjectives



            case               singular     plural
       no...
Third Declension Neuter
    case       singular   plural
  nominative   -us / -e    -a
   genitive      -is      -um
    d...
Hints for declining
 nom & acc are the same in both singular and plural in second and
 third declension

 puella, -ae
 fem...
Verb conjugation!
All Stem Endings!
       I      –ō

     You       -s

     (s)he     -t

      We      -mus

    You pl.   -tis

     The...
First Conjugation
stem ends in -a


Ex. Parare = to prepare
   I      parō      We      paramus

  You    paras    You pl....
Second Conjugation
stem ends in -e


Ex. Monere = to warn
   I     moneō      We      monēmus

  You    monēs    You pl.  ...
Third Conjugation
stem ends in consonants


Ex. regere = to warn

    I     regō      We      regimus

  You     regis   Y...
Fourth Conjugation
stem ends in -i


Ex. audire = to listen

    I      audiō     We      audimus

   You     audis   You ...
Irregular
Sum = I am


             sum   sumus


             es    estis


             est   sunt
Irregular -
Possum I can, am able to


              Possum   Possumus


              Potes    Potestis


              P...
Irregular
eo - I go


            eo   imus


            is   itis


            it   eunt
Vocab!
Chapter 1 Latin
              Adjectives
Verbs
              fessa
ambulat
              laeta
cenat
              parata
...
Chapter 1 Latin to English
Verbs                       Adjectives
ambulat = he/she walks      fessa = tired
cenat = he/she...
Chapter 2 Latin
Verbs     nouns    adjective
iuvat     aqua     irata
laudat    fabula
narrat    filia     adverb
parat    ...
Chapter 2 Latin to English

Verbs                     nouns            adjective
iuvat = she/he helps      aqua = water   ...
Chapter 3 Latin
Verbs
manet      Nouns
                             pronoun
sedet      terra
                             ...
Chapter 3 Latin to English
Verbs
manet = he/she stays, waits   Nouns                       pronoun
sedet = he/she sits    ...
Chapter 4 Latin
Verbs                    Adverbs   pronouns
adest                    cur?      eos, eas
curat             ...
Chapter 4 Latin to English
Verbs                                Adverbs                 pronouns
adest = he/she is present...
Chapter 5 Latin
Verbs       Noun
                                 Pronoun
clamat      hortus
                             ...
Chapter 5 Latin to English

Verbs                         Noun                        Pronoun
clamat = he/she shouts      ...
Chapter 6 Latin
                           Nouns
Verbs                                 Adverbs
                           ...
Chapter 6 Latin to English

                                      Nouns                Adverbs
Verbs
                     ...
Chapter 7 Latin
Verbs                Nouns                 adverb
convoco, convocare   ira, -ae              fortiter
navi...
Chapter 7 Latin to English
Verbs                                  Nouns                          adverb
convoco, convocare...
Chapter 8 Latin
verbs
                 Nouns
possum, posse
                 hasta, -ae
exspecto, -are                     ...
Chapter 8 Latin to English
verbs
                                      Nouns
possum, posse = I can, I am able to
         ...
KNOW     First declension ablative
       second conjugation infinitive
                   sum
                possum
     ...
first declension examples
1.) Terram agricolarum puella amat.
   The girl loves the farmers’ land


    Terram = direct obj...
Part II
Fair Game

2nd Decl. Masculine
1,2,3, conjugation verbs
irregular verbs
3rd Decl. Adj
    omnis
3rd Decl. Feminine, Neuter...
2nd Decl. Masculine
    case       singular     plural
  nominative   colonus     coloni
   genitive    coloni     colonor...
3rd Decl. Adjective
-i stem

          case   singular    plural
    nominative    omnis     omnes
     genitive     omnis...
3rd Decl. Fem. -i stems
navis, navis
      case      singular   plural
   nominative    navis     naves
    genitive     n...
3rd Declension neuter nouns



        case          singular   plural
     nominative        mare       maria
      genit...
Mare, Maris
    case       singular   plural
  nominative    Mare       maria
   genitive     Maris     marium
    dative ...
Navis, Navis
    case       singular   plural
  nominative    navis     naves
   genitive     navis     navium
    dative ...
Chapter 9 Vocab.
verbs
                 adjectives
gaudeo
                 novus
habeo
                 parvus
moneo
     ...
Chapt. 9 Latin - Englis
verbs
                                    adjectives
gaudeo = I rejoice
                          ...
Chapt. 10 Vocab
Verbs
            Nouns              prepositions
Habito
            nauta              de + abl
Oro
     ...
Chpt. 10 Latin to
Verbs
                          Nouns
habito = to live, dwell
                          nauta = ship
oro...
Chapt. 11 Vocab
verbs              Nouns
aedifico, -are      fama
erro, -are         patria
impero, -are                   ...
Chapt. 11 Latin to English
verbs
                                           Nouns
aedifico, -are = I build
                ...
Chpt. 12 Vocab
Verbs           adjectives           conjunctions
amo, -are       commotus             aut...aut
despero, -...
Chapt 12 Latin to English
Verbs
                                                                        conjunctions
amo, ...
Latin III
Chapter 13 Latin
Verbs                    pronouns
             Nouns
evigilo                nemo, neminis
             au...
Chapter 13 Latin to English
Verbs                                              pronouns
                           Nouns
e...
Chapter 14 Latin
 Verbs
                            Nouns
 lavo
                            familia
 exerceo
             ...
Chapter 14 Latin
                                           Nouns
 Verbs
                                           famili...
Chapter 14 Latin
 Verbs
                            Nouns
 lavo
                            familia
 exerceo
             ...
Chapter 15 Latin
               Nouns
 Verbs
               toga
 tempto
               auxilium
 bellum gero
            ...
Chapter 15 Latin to English
                                           Nouns
  Verbs
                                     ...
Chapter 16 Latin
 Verbs
 libero                    Nouns
 evado                     statua
 posco                     exem...
Chapter 16 Latin to English
 Verbs
 libero = I free                                  Nouns
 evado = I escape              ...
Irregular Verb Conjugation
   Velle = to wish / be willing

   I wish       volō     we wish      volomus
  You wish      ...
Irregular Verb Conjugation
    Nōli = to be unwilling, to refuse

   I am unwilling      nōlō       we are unwilling      ...
Regular Verb Conjugation

        I          –ō
      You           -s
     (s)he          -t
       we         -mus
     ...
Regular Verb Conjugation
example: parare: to prepare

        I      parō      We      paramus

      You     paras    You...
Pronouns: is, ea, id
nom.    is    ea      id     ei      eae     ea

gen.   eius   eius   eius   eorum   earum   eorum

d...
Plural Pronouns: is, ea, id

  nom. pl.     ei     eae      ea
  gen. pl.   eorum   earum   eorum
  dat. pl.    eis     ei...
Pronouns: qui, quae, quod
nom    qui    quae    quod     qui      quae     quae

gen   cuius   cuius   cuius   quorum   qu...
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Latin Review I

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Latin Review from fall 2009

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Latin Review I

  1. 1. Latin Exam I Chapters 1-8
  2. 2. Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative Ablative Vocative
  3. 3. Cases *only Acc and Abl can take prepositions Nominative = Subject Genitive = Possessive ( -’s), Partitive (portion, half of the pizza) Dative = Indirect Object ; verbs taking dating *Accusative = Direct Object ; motion to or toward *Ablative = Separation, Indirection, Motion away from ; by, with, from Vocative = Addressing someone
  4. 4. First Declension nouns and adjectives case singular plural Nominative -a -ae Genitive -ae -arum Dative -ae –īs Accusative -am –ās Ablative -a –īs Vocative -a -ae
  5. 5. First Declension Examples puella, puellae case singular plural Nominative puella puellae Genitive puellae puellarum Dative puellae puellīs Accusative puellam puellās Ablative puella puellīs Vocative puella puellae
  6. 6. second declensions for masculine / feminine nouns and adjectives case singular plural nominative -us -i genitive –i -orum dative -o -is accusative -um -os ablative -o -is
  7. 7. second declensions amicus, amici = friend case singular plural nominative amicus amici genitive amici amicorum dative amico amicis accusative amicum amicos ablative amico amicis
  8. 8. second declensions puer, pueri = boy case singular plural nominative puer pueri genitive pueri puerorum dative puero pueris accusative puerum pueros ablative puero pueris
  9. 9. second declensions for neuter nouns and adjectives case singular plural nominative -um -a genitive -i -orum dative -o -is accusative -um -a ablative -o -is
  10. 10. second declensions for neuter nouns and adjectives bellum = war case singular plural nominative bellum bella genitive belli bellorum dative bello bellis accusative bellum bella ablative bello bellis
  11. 11. third declension Masculine & feminine nouns and adjectives case singular plural nominative -er -es genitive -is -um dative -i -ibus accusative -em -es ablative -e -ibus
  12. 12. Third Declension Neuter case singular plural nominative -us / -e -a genitive -is -um dative -i -ibus accusative -em / -e -a ablative -e -ibus
  13. 13. Hints for declining nom & acc are the same in both singular and plural in second and third declension puella, -ae femina, -ae = first declension puer, -i amicus, -i verbum, -i = second declension frater, -is soror, -is litus, -is = third declension
  14. 14. Verb conjugation!
  15. 15. All Stem Endings! I –ō You -s (s)he -t We -mus You pl. -tis They -nt
  16. 16. First Conjugation stem ends in -a Ex. Parare = to prepare I parō We paramus You paras You pl. paratis (s)he parat They parant
  17. 17. Second Conjugation stem ends in -e Ex. Monere = to warn I moneō We monēmus You monēs You pl. monētis (s)he monet They monent
  18. 18. Third Conjugation stem ends in consonants Ex. regere = to warn I regō We regimus You regis You pl. regitis (s)he regit They regunt
  19. 19. Fourth Conjugation stem ends in -i Ex. audire = to listen I audiō We audimus You audis You pl. auditis (s)he audit They audiunt
  20. 20. Irregular Sum = I am sum sumus es estis est sunt
  21. 21. Irregular - Possum I can, am able to Possum Possumus Potes Potestis Potest Possunt
  22. 22. Irregular eo - I go eo imus is itis it eunt
  23. 23. Vocab!
  24. 24. Chapter 1 Latin Adjectives Verbs fessa ambulat laeta cenat parata festinat intrat Adverbs laborat mox non Nouns casa Conjunctions cena et femina sed puella
  25. 25. Chapter 1 Latin to English Verbs Adjectives ambulat = he/she walks fessa = tired cenat = he/she dines laeta = happy festinat = he/she hurries parata = ready intrat = he/she enters laborat = he/she works Adverbs mox = soon Nouns non = not casa = house, cottage cena = dinner Conjunctions femina = woman et = and puella = girl sed = but
  26. 26. Chapter 2 Latin Verbs nouns adjective iuvat aqua irata laudat fabula narrat filia adverb parat subito via portat salutat preposition vocat in
  27. 27. Chapter 2 Latin to English Verbs nouns adjective iuvat = she/he helps aqua = water irata = angry laudat = he/she praises fabula = story narrat = he/she tells filia = girl adverb parat = he/she praises via = road subito = suddenly portat = he/she carries salutat = he/she greets preposition vocat = he/she calls in = in, into
  28. 28. Chapter 3 Latin Verbs manet Nouns pronoun sedet terra eum videt cibus eam ascendit colonus cadit filius preposition currit ager ad ducit puer inquit conjunction imttit Adjectives nam redit anxius, -a, -um audit
  29. 29. Chapter 3 Latin to English Verbs manet = he/she stays, waits Nouns pronoun sedet = he/she sits terra = earth, land eum = him videt = he/she sees cibus = food eam = her ascendit = he/she climbs colonus = farmer *Note: acc. cadit = he/she falls filius = son currit = he/she runs ager = field preposition ducit = he/she leads puer = boy ad = to, toward inquit = he/she says mittit = he/she sends Adjectives conjunction redit = he/she returns anxius, -a, -um = anxious nam = for audit = he/she hears
  30. 30. Chapter 4 Latin Verbs Adverbs pronouns adest cur? eos, eas curat diu ille, illa accedit iam procedit lente conjunctions surgit saepe quod dormit tandem ubi venit Nouns adjectives amicus magnus, -a, -um ludus miser, misera, miserum multus, -a, -um
  31. 31. Chapter 4 Latin to English Verbs Adverbs pronouns adest = he/she is present cur? = why? eos, eas = them (acc. pl.) curat = he/she cares, looks after diu = for a long time ille, illa = he, she accedit = he/she approaches iam = now, already procedit = he/she goes forward lente = slowly conjunctions surgit = he/she rises saepe = often quod = because dormit = he/she sleeps tandem = at last ubi = when venit = he/she comes Nouns adjectives amicus = friend magnus, -a, -um = great, big ludus = school miser, misera, miserum = miserable multus, -a, -um = much, many
  32. 32. Chapter 5 Latin Verbs Noun Pronoun clamat hortus quid? dat rogat Adjectives Prepositions spectat unus, -a, -um cum + abl. iacet duo, duae, duo in + abl. respondet tres, tria per + acc. dicit alius, alia, aliud emit bonus, -a, -um Conjunction ponit malus, -a, -um nec/neque tradit advent Adverb facit Statim
  33. 33. Chapter 5 Latin to English Verbs Noun Pronoun clamat = he/she shouts hortus = garden quid? = what? dat = he/she gives rogat = he/she asks Adjectives Prepositions spectat = he/she watches unus, -a, -um = one cum + abl. = with iacet = he/she lies (dow) duo, duae, duo = two in + abl. = in, on respondet = he/she answers tres, tria = three per + acc. = through dicit = he/she says alius, alia, aliud = one, another throughout emit = he/she buys bonus, -a, -um = good Conjunction ponit = he/she places, puts malus, -a, -um = bad nec/neque = and not, nor tradit = he/she hands over advent = he/she arrives Adverb facit = he/she makes, does Statim = at once
  34. 34. Chapter 6 Latin Nouns Verbs Adverbs ianua debeo, debere celeriter littera doceo, docere diligenter domus iubeo, iubere iterum domum constitituo, constituere magister dimitto, dimittere preposition ludo, ludere prope + acc. Pronouns scribo, scribere ego cupio, cupere Conjunctions me eo, ire itaque tu exeo, exire nec/neque te
  35. 35. Chapter 6 Latin to English Nouns Adverbs Verbs ianua = door celeriter = quickly debeo, debere = I ought, I must littera = a letter diligenter = carefully, hard doceo, docere = I teach domus = home iterum = again iubeo, iubere = I order domum = (to) home constitituo, constituere = I decide magister = master preposition dimitto, dimittere = I send away prope + acc. = near ludo, ludere = I play Pronouns scribo, scribere = I write ego = I Conjunctions cupio, cupere = I desire, want me = me (acc.) itaque = and so eo, ire = I go tu = you nec/neque = neither...nor exeo, exire = I go out te = you (acc.)
  36. 36. Chapter 7 Latin Verbs Nouns adverb convoco, convocare ira, -ae fortiter navigo, navigare pugna, -ae oppugno, oppugnare canis, canis preposition pugno, pugnare comes, comitis a/ab + abl defendo, defendere frater, fratris occido, occidere navis, navis resisto, resistere pater, patris vinco, vincere princeps, principis capio, capere rex, regis fugio, fugere urbs, urbis iacio, iacere
  37. 37. Chapter 7 Latin to English Verbs Nouns adverb convoco, convocare = I call together ira, -ae = anger fortiter = bravely navigo, navigare = I sail pugna, -ae = fight oppugno, oppugnare = I attack canis, canis = dog preposition pugno, pugnare = I fight comes, comitis = comrade a/ab + abl = from defendo, defendere = I defend frater, fratris = brother occido, occidere = I kill navis, navis = ship resisto, resistere = I resist pater, patris = father vinco, vincere = I conquer princeps, principis = prince * capio, capere = I take rex, regis = king * fugio, fugere = I flee urbs, urbis = city * iacio, iacere = I throw *third conjugation -io
  38. 38. Chapter 8 Latin verbs Nouns possum, posse hasta, -ae exspecto, -are adverbs porta, -ae servo, -are bene murus, -i timeo, -ere hic mater, matris reddo, -ere huc mors, mortis relinquo, -ere verto, -ere conjunction adjectives conicio, -ere -que mortuus, -a, -um solus, -a, -um prepositions territus, -a, -um circum + acc. incolumis, incolume e/ex + abl.
  39. 39. Chapter 8 Latin to English verbs Nouns possum, posse = I can, I am able to hasta, -ae = spear exspecto, -are = I wait for adverbs porta, -ae = gate servo, -are = I save bene = well murus, -i = wall timeo, -ere = I fear, I am afraid hic = here mater, matris = mother reddo, -ere = I return, I give back huc = huc mors, mortis = death relinquo, -ere = I leave behind verto, -ere = I turn conjunction adjectives conicio, -ere = I hurl -que = and mortuus, -a, -um = dead solus, -a, -um = alone prepositions territus, -a, -um = terrified circum + acc. = round incolumis, incolume = safe e/ex + abl. = out of, from
  40. 40. KNOW First declension ablative second conjugation infinitive sum possum eo prepositions take accusative or ablative;
  41. 41. first declension examples 1.) Terram agricolarum puella amat. The girl loves the farmers’ land Terram = direct object = accusative agricolarum = possessive = genetive puella = subject = nominative amat = verb
  42. 42. Part II
  43. 43. Fair Game 2nd Decl. Masculine 1,2,3, conjugation verbs irregular verbs 3rd Decl. Adj omnis 3rd Decl. Feminine, Neuter know navis and mare
  44. 44. 2nd Decl. Masculine case singular plural nominative colonus coloni genitive coloni colonorum dative colono colonis accusative colonum colonos ablative colono colonis
  45. 45. 3rd Decl. Adjective -i stem case singular plural nominative omnis omnes genitive omnis omnium dative omni omnibus accusative omnem omnes ablative omni omnibus
  46. 46. 3rd Decl. Fem. -i stems navis, navis case singular plural nominative navis naves genitive navis navium dative navi navibus accusative navem naves ablative nave navibus
  47. 47. 3rd Declension neuter nouns case singular plural nominative mare maria genitive maris marium dative mari maribus accusative mare maria ablative mari maribus
  48. 48. Mare, Maris case singular plural nominative Mare maria genitive Maris marium dative Mari maribus accusative mare maria ablative mari marium
  49. 49. Navis, Navis case singular plural nominative navis naves genitive navis navium dative navi navibus accusative naves naves ablative nave navibus
  50. 50. Chapter 9 Vocab. verbs adjectives gaudeo novus habeo parvus moneo pauci taceo tacitus bibo totus conscendo ingens, ingentis accipio convenio adverb sic nouns insula preposition equus inter + acc. vir, viri labor nox, noctis uxor, uxoris
  51. 51. Chapt. 9 Latin - Englis verbs adjectives gaudeo = I rejoice novus = new habeo = I live parvus = small moneo = I warn, advise pauci = few taceo = quiet tacitus = silent bibo = I drink totus = whole conscendo = I board ingens, ingentis = huge accipio = I receive convenio = I come together, meet adverb sic = thus nouns insula = island preposition equus = horse inter + acc. = among, between vir, viri = man labor = work, hardship, suffering nox, noctis = night uxor, uxoris = wife
  52. 52. Chapt. 10 Vocab Verbs Nouns prepositions Habito nauta de + abl Oro silva sub + abl Quaero unda Quiesco caelum Tollo periculum saxum Adjective verbum primus clamor, clamoris homo, hominis Adverb litus, litoris primum mare, maris vix mons, montis
  53. 53. Chpt. 10 Latin to Verbs Nouns habito = to live, dwell nauta = ship oro = to pray, beg silva = wood quaero = I ask, I seek prepositions unda = wave quiesco = I rest de + abl = down from caelum = sky, heaven tollo = I lift, raise sub + abl = under periculum = danger saxum = rock Adjective verbum = word primus = first clamor, clamoris = shout homo, hominis = man Adverb litus, litoris = shore primum = first mare, maris = sea vix = scarcely mons, montis = mountain
  54. 54. Chapt. 11 Vocab verbs Nouns aedifico, -are fama erro, -are patria impero, -are adverb regina sto, stare semper somnus cognosco, -ere ventus ocurro, -ere conjunction bellum ostendo, -ere dum consilium succurro, -ere templum invenio, -ire vinum fero, ferre arma castra adjectives collis notus, -a, -um hostis ignotus, -a, -um nomen, nominis, nomine
  55. 55. Chapt. 11 Latin to English verbs Nouns aedifico, -are = I build fama = rumor erro, -are = I wander, I err, I am wrong patria = fatherland impero, -are = I order regina = queen adverb sto, stare = I stand somnus = sleep semper = always cognosco, -ere = I get to know, learn ventus = wind ocurro, -ere = I meet bellum = war conjunction ostendo, -ere = I show consilium = plan dum = while succurro, -ere = I help templum = temple invenio, -ire = I find vinum = wine fero, ferre = I carry arma = arms, weapons castra = camp adjectives collis = hill notus, -a, -um = known hostis = enemy ignotus, -a, -um = unknown nomen, nominis, nomine = by name, called
  56. 56. Chpt. 12 Vocab Verbs adjectives conjunctions amo, -are commotus aut...aut despero, -are tantus placeo, -ere tristis, triste prepositions mihi placet felix, felicis ante + acc. peto, -ere infelix, infelicis post + acc. perficio, -ere adverbs nouns etiam animus ibi deus, dei interea dea, deae nunc nuntius oculus imperium amor, amoris hiems, hiemis
  57. 57. Chapt 12 Latin to English Verbs conjunctions amo, -are = I love adjectives aut...aut = either .... or despero, -are = I despair commotus = moved placeo, -ere = I please tantus = so great prepositions mihi placet = it pleases me, I decide tristis, triste = sad ante + acc. = before peto, -ere = I seek, pursue felix, felicis = lucky, happy post + acc. = after perficio, -ere = I carry out infelix, infelicis = unlucky nouns adverbs animus = mind etiam = even, also deus, dei = god ibi = there dea, deae = goddess interea = meanwhile nuntius = messenger, message nunc = now oculus = eye imperium = order amor, amoris = love hiems, hiemis = winter
  58. 58. Latin III
  59. 59. Chapter 13 Latin Verbs pronouns Nouns evigilo nemo, neminis aura, exito qui, quae, quod domina invideo forma teneo adverbs maritus colo numquam sonus depono umquam arbor vivo lux conjunction vox Adjectives si divinus nullus pulcher
  60. 60. Chapter 13 Latin to English Verbs pronouns Nouns evigilo = I wake up nemo, neminis = no one aura = breeze, air exito = I rouse, awaken qui, quae, quod = who, which domina = mistress invideo + dat. = I envy forma = shape, beauty teneo = I hold adverbs maritus = husband colo = I worship, I till numquam = never sonus = sound depono = I put down umquam = ever arbor = tree vivo = I live lux, lucis = light conjunction vox = voice Adjectives si = if divinus = divine nullus = no pulcher = beautiful
  61. 61. Chapter 14 Latin Verbs Nouns lavo familia exerceo gloria cano locus contendo populus gero carmen centurio Adverbs flos eo imperator hodie iuvenis postea legio miles Pronouns parens is, ea, id senex quidam, quaedam, quoddam
  62. 62. Chapter 14 Latin Nouns Verbs familia = family, household lavo = I wash gloria = flory exerceo = I exercise, train locus = place cano = I sing populus = people contendo = I walk, march, hasten carmen, carminis = song gero = I carry; I wear centurio = centurion flos, floris = flower Adverbs imperator = general eo = (to) there, thither iuvenis = young man hodie = today legio = legion postea = afterwards miles, militis = soldier parens = parent Pronouns senex = old man is, ea, id = he, she, it, that quidam, quaedam, quoddam = a certain, a
  63. 63. Chapter 14 Latin Verbs Nouns lavo familia exerceo gloria cano locus contendo populus gero carmen centurio Adverbs flos eo imperator hodie iuvenis postea legio miles Pronouns parens is, ea, id senex quidam, quaedam, quoddam
  64. 64. Chapter 15 Latin Nouns Verbs toga tempto auxilium bellum gero proelium dedo civis repello consul circumvenio dictator volo, velle moenia nolo, nolle senatus Adverbs Adjectives haud hic, haec, hoc postridie ipse, ipsa, ipsum procul pauper, pauperis quomodo Prepositions Conjunction trans + acc. et...et de + abl
  65. 65. Chapter 15 Latin to English Nouns Verbs toga = toga tempto = I try auxilium = help bellum gero = I wage war proelium = battle dedo = I give up, surrendor civis = citizen repello = I drive back consul = consul circumvenio = I surround dictator = dictator volo, velle = I wish, am willing moenia = walls nolo, nolle = I am unwilling, I refuse senatus = senate Adverbs Adjectives haud = not hic, haec, hoc = this postridie = the next day ipse, ipsa, ipsum = self procul = far pauper, pauperis = poor quomodo? = how? Prepositions Conjunction trans + acc. = across et...et = both...and de + abl = about
  66. 66. Chapter 16 Latin Verbs libero Nouns evado statua posco exemplum rumpo frumentum custodio praesidium custos flumen Adjectives foedus dignus obses, obsidis summus pax, pacis liber virgo, virginis virtus, virtutis Adverbs quoque non solum ... sed etiam
  67. 67. Chapter 16 Latin to English Verbs libero = I free Nouns evado = I escape statua = statue posco = I demand exemplum = example rumpo = I break frumentum = grain, corn custodio = I guard praesidium = garrison custos = guard flumen, flumenis = river Adjectives foedus = treaty dignus = worthy obses, obsidis = hostage summus = highest, greatest pax, pacis = peace liber, libera, liberum = free virgo, virginis = virgin, maiden virtus, virtutis = courage, virtue Adverbs quoque = also non solum ... sed etiam = not only....but also
  68. 68. Irregular Verb Conjugation Velle = to wish / be willing I wish volō we wish volomus You wish vis you all wish vultis (s) he wishes vult they wish volunt
  69. 69. Irregular Verb Conjugation Nōli = to be unwilling, to refuse I am unwilling nōlō we are unwilling nōlumus You are unwilling non vis you all are unwilling nōn vultis he/she is unwilling non vult they are unwilling nōlunt
  70. 70. Regular Verb Conjugation I –ō You -s (s)he -t we -mus you all -tis they -nt
  71. 71. Regular Verb Conjugation example: parare: to prepare I parō We paramus You paras You pl. paratis (s)he parat They parant
  72. 72. Pronouns: is, ea, id nom. is ea id ei eae ea gen. eius eius eius eorum earum eorum dat. ei ei ei eis eis eis acc. eum eam id eos eas ea abl. eo ea eo eis eis eis
  73. 73. Plural Pronouns: is, ea, id nom. pl. ei eae ea gen. pl. eorum earum eorum dat. pl. eis eis eis acc. pl. eos eas ea abl. pl. eis eis eis
  74. 74. Pronouns: qui, quae, quod nom qui quae quod qui quae quae gen cuius cuius cuius quorum quarum quorum dat cui cui cui quibus quibus quibus acc quem quam quod quos quas quae abl quo qua quo quibus quibus quibus

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