Smaller Kingdoms in Southeast Asia and Korea


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A simple presentation I made for global history, with the background music removed.

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Smaller Kingdoms in Southeast Asia and Korea

  1. 1. Smaller Kingdoms in Southeast Asia and Korea BL, AM, VS Global 2H Ms. R, Period 7 This slide is by BL.
  2. 2. The Geography of Southeast Asia <ul><li>Southeast Asia is located in the southeastern region of Asia. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is located between the Indian and Pacific oceans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its land area spans from Asia and almost to Australia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The landmasses can be divided into two parts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The mainland peninsula, with China to the north and India to the west. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A mass of islands, with Sumatra, Borneo, and Java being three major ones. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>It is located within the tropics, where it is warm and humid. There are annual monsoons, which bring long periods of rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia’s lands are divided geographically. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The islands are each isolated by water, or cut by straits. Five major rivers flow south towards the sea, cutting valleys through the mainland. There are hills and mountains between these valleys, which divide the landscape further. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lords of trade routes and harbors heavily taxed merchants who passed through their waterways or used their ports. </li></ul></ul>This slide is by BL.
  3. 3. Foreign Influences <ul><li>China was a major influence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China took direct control over parts of the mainland southeast Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They also forced local leaders to pay tribute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese people also migrated to this area, and traded with the locals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As they went south, they took their culture with them, and it mixed with those of the locals. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>India was another region that influenced southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merchant boats began arriving in southeast Asia by the 1 st century C.E. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindu and Buddhist missionaries also traveled throughout this region, spreading their faiths. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kingdoms in this area were modeled after Indian political ideas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poets wrote in Sanskrit, India’s language since ancient times. </li></ul></ul>This slide is by BL.
  4. 4. Korea’s Geography <ul><li>Korea consists of a peninsula sticking out of Asia, pointing in the general direction of Japan. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This peninsula is about the size of the state of Utah. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The climate includes hot summers and cold winters. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The land is very mountainous, with few areas suitable for farming. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There is a mountainous barrier separating Korea from its closest neighbor, Manchuria. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With this mountain range and the oceans acting as natural barriers, Korea was able to develop in isolation. </li></ul></ul>This slide is by BL.
  5. 5. BL’s Bibliography <ul><li> (map image) </li></ul><ul><li> (Photo taken by William Smith) </li></ul><ul><li> (Photo taken by Tom Carter) </li></ul><ul><li> (Photographer unknown) </li></ul><ul><li> (Photographer unknown) </li></ul><ul><li> (Maker of image unknown) </li></ul>This slide is by BL.
  6. 6. Korean Early History <ul><li>According to legend, the first Korean state was either founded by Tan’gun, a hero who was half god, half bear, or a royal descendent of the Chinese Shang Dynasty . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different clans controlled different parts of the country. In 108 BC, the Han empire conquered most of Korea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was from there that the Koreans adapted the Chinese ideas of centralized government, Confucianism, Buddhism, and writing. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During the Han rule, the clans that before ruled Korea gathered together into federations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They later became 3 rival kingdoms, with the Silla kingdom eventually defeating the others and taking control of the Korean peninsula during the 600s. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Under Silla rule, Korean Buddhist monasteries were built, as well as various sculptures. Also, a writing system was established, using Chinese characters. </li></ul>AM
  7. 7. The Koryu Dynasty and Culture <ul><li>Around 900 AD, the Silla had weakened, and the Koryu Dynasty, with their leader Wang Kon gained control. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This dynasty, which lasted from 935-1392, was modeled under the Chinese centralized government, as well as a Confucian civil service examination. The Koryu dynasty had a distinct separation of different social classes, with important positions becoming hereditary. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1231, the Mongols took over the dynasty and proposed a crushing tribute upon them until 1392, when the Choson (Yi) Dynasty came to power for another 518 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The Koryu period produced: </li></ul><ul><li>Porcelain artists whose techniques were inspired by Song porcelain artists. </li></ul><ul><li>Celadon pottery (had a milky green glaze coating to which the secret formula is now lost) </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry and the first national history of Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Many great treasures of the Buddhist world (such as carvings and blocks which remain to this day) </li></ul>AM
  8. 8. AM’s Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook (used by everyone): Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dahia I. Shanaka. World History: Patterns of Interaction . 1999. </li></ul>AM
  9. 9. The Khmer Empire <ul><li>The Khmer Empire was the main power on the Southeast Asian mainland for centuries, reaching its peak in around 1200. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funan, one of Khmer’s early kingdoms, dominated a large amount of the sea trade between India and China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They built irrigation systems and waterways which helped them to grow three or four crops of rice a year, leading them to become prosperous . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- In the Khmer capital of Angkor, large city-and-temple complexes were built. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The complex covers almost a square mile, and is one of the world’s greatest architectural achievements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angkor Wat is a complex that was built as a symbolic mountain for the Hindu god Vishnu. </li></ul></ul>Walled engravings from the Khmer Empire. VS
  10. 10. Vietnam <ul><li>Vietnam of Southeast Asia was influenced by India, and was located in the coastal region just south of China. </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam fell under Chinese rule in around 100 B.C., and remained under their control for 1,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>- Vietnam broke away from China in the early 900’s when the Tang Dynasty had grown weaker, and became an independent kingdom in 939. </li></ul><ul><li>- The Vietnamese were greatly influenced by the Chinese, and absorbed many of their cultural traditions, like Buddhism, while preserving their own cultural identity. </li></ul><ul><li>- The Vietnamese capital, Hanoi, was established on the Red River Delta by the rulers of the Ly Dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam expanded slowly by the conquering of neighboring peoples. </li></ul><ul><li>- The Vietnamese forced the Mongols to retreat after capturing Hanoi three different times. </li></ul><ul><li>- The Vietnamese forced the Mongols to retreat after capturing Hanoi three different times. </li></ul><ul><li>A map of Vietnam </li></ul>VS
  11. 11. Island Trading Kingdoms <ul><li>The Sailendra Dynasty ruled a kingdom on the island of Java in Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- The Buddhist temple at Borobudur is another of the world’s great architectural achievements. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- It was built around 800 and had nine terraced levels, like a stepped pyramid. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- The island empire of Srivijaya eventually dominated the Sailendra Dynasty, as well as ruling the Strait of Malacca and other waters around the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java. </li></ul><ul><li>-The empire taxed trade that passed through its waters and grew wealthy. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Palembang, the capital of the Srivijayas, was a center of Buddhist learning where Chinese monks could study. </li></ul>Borobudur palace VS
  12. 12. VS’s Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>- http:// / </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thanks for watching! This slide is by BL. So are all the animations. And all the backgrounds.