BARCODE IN RETAIL<br />                                                           Presented by:<br />VikasYadav<br />Subod...
History of Barcode<br />In 1932 business student Wallace Flint of the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Admin...
In 1952 Philco purchased their patent, and then sold it to RCA the same year.<br /> when the Association of American Railr...
Types of Barcode<br />Numeric-only barcode: EAN-13 , EAN-8 ,UPC-A, UPC-E , Code 11 ,PostNet<br />Alphanumeric barcodes: Co...
How do you read a barcode?<br />A single barcode number is actually seven units. A unit is either black or white. A unit t...
Barcode Reader<br />A barcode reader (or barcode scanner) is an electronic device for reading printed barcodes. <br />Type...
Omni-Directional Barcode Scanners</li></li></ul><li>How a scanner Reads Barcode<br />Scanners are the devices that read ba...
Applications of Barcodes<br /> Inventory of merchandise sold at retail<br />An automatic update of stock levels<br />Autom...
Advantages of Barcodes<br /><ul><li>Fast and Reliable Data Collection 
10,000 Times better Accuracy  
Reduced Labor Costs
Reduced Revenue Losses Resulting from Data Collection Errors  
Necessary Inventory Levels
 Improved Management and Better Decision Making
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Barcode In Retail Presentation

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Barcode In Retail Presentation

  1. 1. BARCODE IN RETAIL<br /> Presented by:<br />VikasYadav<br />Subodh Singh<br /> Satyam Barkataky<br />
  2. 2. History of Barcode<br />In 1932 business student Wallace Flint of the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Administration<br />1948 Bernard Silver (1924–62), a graduate student of Drexel Institute of Technology in Philadelphia<br /> Joseph Woodland ,JordinJohanson, Bernard Silver the three started working on a variety of systems. Their first working system used ultraviolet ink.<br /> 20 October 1949 they filed a patent application for "Classifying Apparatus and Method"<br />
  3. 3. In 1952 Philco purchased their patent, and then sold it to RCA the same year.<br /> when the Association of American Railroads (AAR) selected it as a standard across the entire North American fleet. The installations began on October 10, 1967<br /> In 1966 the National Association of Food Chains (NAFC) held a meeting where they discussed the idea of using automated checkout systems. IBM had designed five versions of the UPC symbology for future industry requirements — UPC A, B, C, D, and E. The U.P.C. made its first commercial appearance at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio in June 1974.<br />
  4. 4. Types of Barcode<br />Numeric-only barcode: EAN-13 , EAN-8 ,UPC-A, UPC-E , Code 11 ,PostNet<br />Alphanumeric barcodes: Code 39 , Code 93 , Code 128 ,LOGMARS<br />2-Dimensional barcodes: PDF417 ,DataMatrix,Maxicode,<br /> QR Code<br />Industry Standards for Barcodes and Labels: Bookland EAN encodes ISBN numbers, ISSN and the SISAC Barcode, OPC Optical Industry Association barcode , Co-Operative labels  <br />
  5. 5. How do you read a barcode?<br />A single barcode number is actually seven units. A unit is either black or white. A unit that is black would display as a "bar". A unit that is white would display as a "space". Another way of writing a barcode unit is "1" for a single unit "black bar" and "0" for a single unit "white space". For instance, the number "1" is composed of the seven units, "0011001" or "space-space-bar-bar-space-space-bar"<br />
  6. 6. Barcode Reader<br />A barcode reader (or barcode scanner) is an electronic device for reading printed barcodes. <br />Types of Barcode Readers Used in Retail:<br /><ul><li>Pen type barcode reader</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Laser scanners
  7. 7. Omni-Directional Barcode Scanners</li></li></ul><li>How a scanner Reads Barcode<br />Scanners are the devices that read bar codes. Of all the available bar code readers, the Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) scanner is the most common. A CCD scanner uses photoreceptors which are similar to those used by electronic photographic cameras: the bar code is illuminated by a row of LEDs and the CCD array sensors pick up the image of the code. If it falls on a light area, a zero (0) is read. If it falls on a dark area, it reads a one (1). Scanning the bar code generates a string of zeros and ones. This pattern of zeros and ones represents the characters encoded. The scanner software, or firmware, translates the strings into characters<br />
  8. 8. Applications of Barcodes<br /> Inventory of merchandise sold at retail<br />An automatic update of stock levels<br />Automatic re-ordering of new stock<br /> Better marketing information<br /> Give a unique identification to every product and every piece<br />
  9. 9. Advantages of Barcodes<br /><ul><li>Fast and Reliable Data Collection 
  10. 10. 10,000 Times better Accuracy  
  11. 11. Reduced Labor Costs
  12. 12. Reduced Revenue Losses Resulting from Data Collection Errors  
  13. 13. Necessary Inventory Levels
  14. 14. Improved Management and Better Decision Making
  15. 15. Faster Access to Information
  16. 16. Point of Sale
  17. 17. Cost Savings
  18. 18. Customer Satisfaction</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Automated Reordering
  19. 19. Better Decision Making
  20. 20. Work In Progress
  21. 21. Inventory Control
  22. 22. Secured Access  
  23. 23. Time and Attendance
  24. 24. Quality Control
  25. 25. Packaging</li></li></ul><li>Drawbacks of Barcode<br />Pricing Issues<br />Damaged Labels<br />Upfront Cost<br />Training<br />Printer Requirements<br />
  26. 26. Conclusion<br />Thus, we can observed that barcode has its advantages in many fields in Retail arena like better time allocation and decision making in many spheres of retail.<br /> Unlike advantages, it has its bottlenecks also like initial cost is quite high while installation and proper training and education is needed to use this kind of gadget in retail.<br />
  27. 27. THANK YOU<br />

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