Active and Passive Voices
Passive Voice <ul><li>The  passive voice emphasizes the action  being performed rather than the person doing the action  <...
Construction of  passive  voice sentences: <ul><li>They  begin with a thing  rather than a person </li></ul><ul><li>They u...
Active Voice <ul><li>The active voice is preferred for most type of  business writing  because it is shorter, more persona...
Active versus Passive Voice
Are the following sentences in the  active  or the  passive  voice? <ul><li>My professor is teaching three courses. </li><...
Q:  What is the  difference  between the  active  and the  passive  voice?
A:  In an sentence using the  active  voice,  the subject  of the sentence  does the action .  In a sentence using the  pa...
Examples: <ul><li>Active :  Active sentences  (subject)  focus  (action, done by the subject) on the person doing the acti...
Examples: <ul><li>Active : The explorers  climbed  the tallest  mountain. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive : The tallest mountain...
Examples: <ul><li>Active : Professor Stevens  compiled  the  largest collection of  Shakespeare’s sources. </li></ul><ul><...
Active  versus  Passive <ul><li>Active Voice </li></ul><ul><li>More  emphatic </li></ul><ul><li>More  concise </li></ul><u...
Q:  So what’s the problem?
A:  1. You should  not switch  (cambiar) active and passive voices in the same sentence ! 2. Be careful with the  grammati...
Examples of switching voices in the same sentence: <ul><li>The contentious issue  was contemplated  as the debaters  prepa...
Switching voices can confuse  the reader.  If your reader is confused, then your writing is not effective or efficient.
Q:  How do I fix  (arreglar) it (switching voices)?
A:  Make all parts of your sentence  consistent .  Usually,  you should change the passive voice to the active voice .
Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect: Once the  books were finished , the  writers talked  to the publisher. </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect: The pipes in the kitchen  were  fixed , then the plumber  started   repairing the showers....
Examples of  Mistaken Grammatical Construction in the Passive  Voice:  <ul><li>The horses  will groomed . </li></ul><ul><l...
Q:  How do I fix  it (mistaken grammatical construction in the passive voice)?
1. Make  sure to know who is receiving the action and who is doing the action .  2.  Verify  that you have  BE + past   pa...
Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect : The horses  will groomed . </li></ul><ul><li>Correct :  The horses  will  be  groom ed . ...
Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect :  The great apple tree  had cut down. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct :  The great apple tree  h...
Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect :  The hungry bear  would shot  by  the hunter.  </li></ul><ul><li>Correct :  The hungry be...
Self Test: Correct the following sentences if there is an inconsistency in voice.
<ul><li>The new product design will finish very soon.  </li></ul><ul><li>They was cooking dinner when I arrived.  </li></u...
<ul><li>Mistakes had made by the politicians.  - The dinner was eaten as the guests got to know each other better. - “Dubl...
Visit the Writing Centre: LIB 272 B Telephone:  416-979-5000 ext. 7192 Website:  http://www.ryerson.ca/writing-centre Emai...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Passive Jan104a

985 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
985
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
18
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
53
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • ESL grammar construction with BE (it WAS done, he has BEEN told, it will BE done, etc.)
  • Correction. The guests got to know each other better as they ate dinner. (or inverted)
  • Passive Jan104a

    1. 1. Active and Passive Voices
    2. 2. Passive Voice <ul><li>The passive voice emphasizes the action being performed rather than the person doing the action </li></ul><ul><li>The passive voice has two main uses : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To present ideas objectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Showing that the results are more important than the person doing the work) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The surveys were tabulated.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To avoid using names or assigning blame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ An unfortunate error has occurred.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Construction of passive voice sentences: <ul><li>They begin with a thing rather than a person </li></ul><ul><li>They use a two-word verb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ is” or “was” followed by a past-tense verb </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They sometimes end with a phrase starting with “by ” that identifies the doer of the action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All expenses were approved by the CEO. </li></ul></ul>Starts with a thing Two-word verb Can be left out
    4. 4. Active Voice <ul><li>The active voice is preferred for most type of business writing because it is shorter, more personal, and more forceful </li></ul><ul><li>In active voice sentences, the subject of the verb performs the action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I heated the solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You made a mistake </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Active versus Passive Voice
    6. 6. Are the following sentences in the active or the passive voice? <ul><li>My professor is teaching three courses. </li></ul><ul><li>These three courses are taught by the same professor. </li></ul><ul><li>The Economist is read by many students and professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>I enjoy reading The Economist . </li></ul><ul><li>The issue of electoral reform was discussed by the students. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Q: What is the difference between the active and the passive voice?
    8. 8. A: In an sentence using the active voice, the subject of the sentence does the action . In a sentence using the passive voice, the subject of the sentence receives the action .
    9. 9. Examples: <ul><li>Active : Active sentences (subject) focus (action, done by the subject) on the person doing the action. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive : The recipient of the action (subject) is focused (action, not done by the subject), on in a passive sentence. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Examples: <ul><li>Active : The explorers climbed the tallest mountain. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive : The tallest mountain was climbed by the explorers. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Examples: <ul><li>Active : Professor Stevens compiled the largest collection of Shakespeare’s sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive : The largest collection of Shakespeare’s sources was compiled by Professor Stevens. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Active versus Passive <ul><li>Active Voice </li></ul><ul><li>More emphatic </li></ul><ul><li>More concise </li></ul><ul><li>Used as the general rule </li></ul><ul><li>Passive Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Used when you want to stress the importance of the action or its recipient. </li></ul><ul><li>Used when the actor is unknown or irrelevant. </li></ul><ul><li>Used when one wants to avoid (evitar) mentioning the actor : Ex. Mistakes were made. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Q: So what’s the problem?
    14. 14. A: 1. You should not switch (cambiar) active and passive voices in the same sentence ! 2. Be careful with the grammatical construction .
    15. 15. Examples of switching voices in the same sentence: <ul><li>The contentious issue was contemplated as the debaters prepared to present their arguments. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the books were finished , the writers talked to the publisher. </li></ul><ul><li>The pipes in the kitchen were fixed , then the plumber started repairing the showers. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Switching voices can confuse the reader. If your reader is confused, then your writing is not effective or efficient.
    17. 17. Q: How do I fix (arreglar) it (switching voices)?
    18. 18. A: Make all parts of your sentence consistent . Usually, you should change the passive voice to the active voice .
    19. 19. Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect: Once the books were finished , the writers talked to the publisher. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct: Once the writers finished their books, they talked to the publisher. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect: The pipes in the kitchen were fixed , then the plumber started repairing the showers. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct: The plumber fixed the pipes in the kitchen then he started repairing the showers. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Examples of Mistaken Grammatical Construction in the Passive Voice: <ul><li>The horses will groomed . </li></ul><ul><li>The great apple tree had cut down . </li></ul><ul><li>The hungry bear would shot by the hunter. </li></ul><ul><li>Shoes is made in the factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycles should not be leaving in the driveway. </li></ul><ul><li>This skyscraper will finish in 2009. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Q: How do I fix it (mistaken grammatical construction in the passive voice)?
    23. 23. 1. Make sure to know who is receiving the action and who is doing the action . 2. Verify that you have BE + past participle in your sentence! 3. Verify your tenses and your subject-verb agreement !
    24. 24. Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect : The horses will groomed . </li></ul><ul><li>Correct : The horses will be groom ed . </li></ul>
    25. 25. Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect : The great apple tree had cut down. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct : The great apple tree had be en cut down. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Corrections: <ul><li>Incorrect : The hungry bear would shot by the hunter. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct : The hungry bear would be shot by the hunter. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Self Test: Correct the following sentences if there is an inconsistency in voice.
    28. 28. <ul><li>The new product design will finish very soon. </li></ul><ul><li>They was cooking dinner when I arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>The preparations had all be finished when the guests arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>The refreshments are going to be provide by Karen. </li></ul>
    29. 29. <ul><li>Mistakes had made by the politicians. - The dinner was eaten as the guests got to know each other better. - “Dubliners” wrote by James Joyce. </li></ul>
    30. 30. Visit the Writing Centre: LIB 272 B Telephone: 416-979-5000 ext. 7192 Website: http://www.ryerson.ca/writing-centre Email address: writingcentre@ryerson.ca

    ×