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Two Roles, Two Identities


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Two Roles, Two Identities

  1. 1. Two Roles, Two Identities One Body A detailed analysis of positioning through identity Aleshia Hooper 05051695
  2. 2. The Interview <ul><li>Conducted an interview with Jane Fiva </li></ul><ul><li>The interview was conducted in person </li></ul><ul><li>The interview was about the two roles she uses regarding her Tongan culture and language </li></ul><ul><li>Interview was roughly 1 hour long </li></ul><ul><li>Fits into positioning and identity </li></ul>
  3. 3. Positions as roles <ul><li>In all social interactions we take on roles </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning and the Reflexive Project </li></ul><ul><li>“ Narratives of personal experience are representations of something that once happened and what this means now (Bamberg 1997 p.335) </li></ul><ul><li>Two roles are being expressed within two different contexts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Points at Positions <ul><li>Words the speaker chooses contain metaphors which assume they invoke positions and the context they take themselves in. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Tongan has never been a big deal for me, but has underlying aspects that she does not see the need to know Tongan when living in New Zealand </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Advertising Position <ul><li>Jane is not always aware of the advertising of her position </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In traditional settings, she has often been seen as rude because she is not conforming to traditional rules </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Conclusions of context <ul><li>People make their own conclusions within a context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended family members or visitors often tell her parents how rude they think Jane is because she makes no attempt to involve herself in conversation. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. After the fact autobiography <ul><li>Positions fit into how people position themselves after the event </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often friends who don’t have the same opportunity to speak a ‘native’ language view her as stupid that she doesn’t. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can see their views but doesn’t understand why it’s a big deal </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Positions are roles and characteristics <ul><li>Positions are developed roles and characteristics. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constantly developing and thinking about how she is going to act in the two different roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One role is more truthful the other is not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not reject the fact that other people feel the importance to learn their native tongue. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Bourdieu <ul><li>Saw that habitus ties the body to identity </li></ul><ul><li>Habitus = body (hexis) + practice </li></ul><ul><li>“ a body of social agents that compromise a structured and structuring structure (Bourdieu (1994 p.170)”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is structured by ones past </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reasons Why <ul><li>The positions that Jane has comes from specific meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance to know English when a child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never been in situations where it is vital to speak Tongan eg going to Tonga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate family members have a strong command of English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self choice </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Bourdieu and Capital <ul><li>The relationship between Jane and her views on culture and language relate to social heirachies and her personal deportment </li></ul><ul><li>Two levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic capital </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Cultural Capital <ul><li>Cultivated dispositions and/or material objects requiring specialised knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught that knowing English will get you far </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard to learn to speak fluent Tongan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work situations are in English </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Symbolic Capital <ul><li>The relationship to things that are percieved prestigious in your society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In New Zealand it is socially percieved that English holds higher value then other languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accents such as FOB accents are percived socially undesireable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being able to hold an intelligent conversation </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Power and class <ul><li>Bourdieu percieves class as different amounts of capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shown with Jane in they way she percieves her ‘native’ language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jane holds herself in a different class to other non English speaking Tongans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has the belief that speaking English and semi rejecting culture increases your class </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusions <ul><li>Two different positions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional setting (hides her belief) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social setting (brings her views to life) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 different ways to acknowledge these positions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasons that she has developed these positions </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Conclusions continued <ul><li>Bourdieu and Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Ties in with reasons why Ana positions herself in a certain way </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Power and Class </li></ul>
  17. 17. References <ul><li>Paviour-Smith, M,. (2009) – Lecture Slides, 172.335, Language and Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Bamberg, M,. (1997) Positioning Between Structure and Performance. Journal of Narrative and Life History pp. 335 – 342 </li></ul>
  18. 18. References Cntd <ul><li>Bell, A,. (1997). Language style as audience design. In Nokolas Coupland & Adam Jaworski (Eds). Sociolinguistics: a reader. (pp. 240-249 New York: St Martins Press. </li></ul>