Medieval Period


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Medieval Period

  1. 1. Medieval Period 800-1400
  2. 2. Medieval Period <ul><li>Longest and most remote period </li></ul><ul><li>About 1000 years of music </li></ul><ul><li>Church was the main focal point </li></ul><ul><li>Music was written in neumes </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm didn’t really come around until the 12 th and 13 th centuries </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gregorian Chant <ul><li>Pope Gregory started the Gregorian Chant </li></ul><ul><li>He organized a huge repertoire of chants that were developed during the first centuries of the Christian Church </li></ul><ul><li>Written in monophonic form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single melodic line without parts or accompaniment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the oldest type of music </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Vocal Music <ul><li>Plainsong or Plainchant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single note notation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No accompaniment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written in monophonic form </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secular Song </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like plainsong but used triple meter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dealt with more subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polyphony- 2 or more vocal parts with its own importance in the music </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vocal Music <ul><li>Motet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has specific musical guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plainsong sung by tenor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Above it two other parts were sung in faster moving notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hocket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form of polyphony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rests interrupted the melody line that altered between two voices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Madrigal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written in two vocal parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First appeared in Italy </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Instrumental <ul><li>Bowed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vielles- forerunner of viol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebec- pear shaped </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plucked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lute- most important </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Winds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trumpets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shawm </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Instrumental <ul><li>Organs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organette-small and able to move around </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive- very important, first organ that polyphonic music was composed for, couldn’t be moved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1300’s larger organs started to appear in churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some had more than 2,500 or more pipes </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Instrumental <ul><li>Percussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drums- used mainly for military and dance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kettledrums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cylindrical drum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cymbals </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Instrumental <ul><li>Five ways instruments were used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocal music was occasionally played entirely by instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to double one or more vocal parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textless music was probably intended for instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumental music was mainly for dances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substitutes for voices in music with text </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Composers <ul><li>Guillaume Dufay- (1400-1474) very calm and smoothing music, helped move Medieval music into the Renaissance period </li></ul><ul><li>Phillipe de Vitry- (1291-1361) one of the main composers of the motet </li></ul><ul><li>Guillaume de Machaut - (1300-1377) known for Mass of Notre Dame </li></ul>