Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. Behaviorism<br />S. Dupree <br />
  2. 2. Behaviorism<br />The prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part of it’s teaching method.<br />Operates on a principle of “stimulus-response.” <br />All behavior is caused by an external stimuli. <br />Human learning is considered a purely objective and experimental branch of natural science. <br />No internal cognitive processing. <br />
  3. 3. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) <br />Famous for his behavioral <br />experiments with dogs.<br />Used classical conditioning <br />teach dogs to salivate when <br />rang a bell.<br />Classical Conditioning- the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus. <br />http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_55anICIekBQ/Sbp8dPhn_KI/AAAAAAAAAR4/rskELBleH9A/s400/Ivan_Pavlov.jpg<br />
  4. 4. B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)<br />Famous for his experiments<br />with pigeons.<br />Used operant conditioning to teach pigeons how to engage in complex tasks such as dancing & bowling.<br />Operant Conditioning- learning that is controlled and results in shaping behavior through reinforcement of stimulus response patterns. <br />http://www.psychology.uiowa.edu/Faculty/wasserman/Glossary/skinner.jpg<br />
  5. 5. Albert Bandura(1925-)<br />Famous for his ideas on social<br /> learning which he renamed <br /> Social Cognitive Theory.<br />Focuses on motivational factors and self-regulatory mechanisms that contribute to a person’s behavior.<br />Believed that people acquire behaviors first through observation of others and then imitate what they have observed. <br />http://news.stanford.edu/news/2006/february22/gifs/ppl_bandura.jpg<br />
  6. 6. Classroom Implications for Teachers<br />Teach through a system of positive and negative rewards. <br />Use computer time effectively as a part of a behavior management system.<br />Apply observational modeling extensively in the context of behavior modification. <br />
  7. 7. Classroom Implications for Students<br />Necessary conditions for effective modeling:<br />Attention- students attention must be kept. <br />Retention- students need to remember what they’re paying attention to. (Includes symbolic coding, mental images, cognitive organization, symbolic rehearsal, motor rehearsal)<br />Reproduction- students need to be able to reproduce what they have learned. (Including physical capabilities, and self-observation of reproduction.)<br />Motivation- students need to have a good reason to imitate the behavior modeled. <br />
  8. 8. My opinion<br />I think the behaviorist approach to teaching can be a very effective way for students to learn. However, not all students learn the same and I must adapt my teaching to the way the student learns. <br />I think that using Bandura’s theory of observational modeling will be very effective in the grade I want to teach (pre-school/kindergarten) because kids that young do tend to model the behaviors of others.<br />

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