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Amandla Renewables Bio Mass For Energy 22032010


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Utilisation of solid -timber Forestry BioMass and post-harvest residues (timber and other agricultural operations) for use as feedstock to fuel Renewable-Eenergy power plants.

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Amandla Renewables Bio Mass For Energy 22032010

  1. 1. Amandla Resource Development Associates: Zululand Centre for Sustainable Development [ZCSD] & “Ecosystems”. Realising Africa’s natural potential through renewable resource management Biomass Potential & Feedstock Availability for: A. “Renewables” Power-plant B. Torrefied Wood-pellets for Export C. Combination Export Pellets + Co-Generation
  2. 2. Structure of this Presentation: <ul><li>Who are Amandla Resources, Ecosystems and ZCSD & Associates </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass Types and Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Calorific values of biomass </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass costs to harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Power demand in Richards Bay (for example) </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass harvesting- Timber stumps into chips </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass harvesting- Timber Brush into bundles </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass harvesting- Timber Brush into chips </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass harvesting- Sugar cane into bales </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass logistics systems and costs </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>The way forward </li></ul>
  3. 3. Amandla Resource & Associates’ Primary Objectives (1): <ul><li>To source sufficient biomass tonnage to fuel green power generation plants and for wood-pellet green-fuel production </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the best and most cost effective harvesting and loading/ bundling or in-site chipping system </li></ul><ul><li>To identify a cost effective transport system </li></ul><ul><li>To secure long-term biomass supply commitments </li></ul><ul><li>To identify possible sites for power plants </li></ul><ul><li>Identify power take-off customers: (Eskom/ private?). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Amandla Resource & Associates’ Primary Objectives (2): <ul><li>To assemble coherent feasibility reports and business plans for committed investors and clients, BioMass growers & Suppliers. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide project preparation and implementation capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>To Manage and Implement approved BioMass –related projects. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide for operational staffing up-skilling and mentoring capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>In Addition: </li></ul><ul><li>Project Finance. </li></ul><ul><li>R & D support. </li></ul><ul><li>Skills Development. </li></ul><ul><li>Community Development support programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Best –practice technical selection. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who are: “ Ecosystems”? <ul><li>An AMANDLA RESOURCES consulting affiliate focussed on Community development, based in Richards Bay, KZN Province:- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community sustainable development projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training and skills transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated waste management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective Resource utilisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic agriculture promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eco-village development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business plan development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMME development / mentoring. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>A not for profit Section 21 company </li></ul><ul><li>Specialising in sustainable community development </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying job creation initiatives leading to SMME </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging support for community-based initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating BEE and community job creation opportunities (longer-term), into larger commercial projects </li></ul>Zululand Center for Sustainable Development [ZCSD]:
  7. 7. Who are “Amandla Resources”? Website: Click here <ul><li>ARD has been operating in SA since1999 (O’Kelly Consulting cc) </li></ul><ul><li>Specialising in physical and human resource development. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing sustainable New Business & job creation initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating profitable partnerships between business and Rural communities / community-owned resources in association with ZCSD (implementing agency) and its development associates. </li></ul><ul><li>Align investors and appropriate project financing options to ensure project viability towards implementation </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>TIMBER BIOMASS: ( eucalyptus, wattle, pine, Casuarina ) </li></ul><ul><li>Tons per hectare – ( 140 to 220t/ha over 7 to 25 years) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Root-wood (6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stump-wood (5%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foliage (5.2%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bark (13.5%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Branch-wood (5%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stem-wood (burnt timber, coppice) (67.1%). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sugar Cane </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trash (leaves, tops): about 20% of whole-stick harvest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole stick green: 60 to 140 tonne/ harvest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bagasse: Fibrous waste after juice extraction (30%) </li></ul></ul>BIOMASS TYPES /SOURCES:
  9. 9. Timber Yields and Growth Period <ul><li>Timber – Eucalyptus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield - 140 to 280 tons per hectare (MAI 13 to 28) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth period - 7 to 10 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timber- Wattle & Casuarina </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield - 100 to 140 tons per hectare (MAI 8 to 13) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth period - 7 to 10 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timber –Pine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield - 140 to 220 tons per hectare (MAI 13 to 16) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth period – 20 to 22 years </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Cane Yields and Growth Period <ul><li>Cane yields: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield - 60 to 140 tons per Ha ( green stick only) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield - 14 to 20 tons per Ha (17% Trash and tops) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield - 18 to 42 tons per hectare (30% bagasse). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growth period: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 to 24 months Depending on soil and climate Depending on irrigation water Depending on Variety (High Fibre ..or High Sucrose)? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Calorific values of biomass <ul><li>Cane Tops </li></ul>16.4 <ul><li>Cane Trash </li></ul>17.4 <ul><li>Bagasse </li></ul>18.1 <ul><li>Coal </li></ul>15 - 27.5 <ul><li>Wood Brush </li></ul>14.4 - 17.4 <ul><li>Wood Chips </li></ul>16.5 - 18.5 <ul><li>Charcoal </li></ul>29.6 <ul><li>Pyrolysis Gas </li></ul>20 - 22
  12. 12. Biomass costs to harvest GE at ZCSD: April 2009 Description of biomass Estimated R/ton cost to Harvest Estimated payment to supplier Sub Total Transport Sub Total 0-50 km Profit @ 15% or handling fee Estimated Landed price /Ton Margin Timber stumps (chips) 225.0 0.0 225.0 48.0 273.0 41.0 R 314 15% Timber brush (bundles) 217.0 25.0 242.0 38.0 280.0 42.0 R 322 15% Timber brush (chips) 144.0 25.0 169.0 48.0 217.0 32.6 R 250 15% RBM (Indigenous bush clear) 183.0 60.0 243.0 38.0 281.0 42.2 R 323 15% Other( pallets, sawdust, wood off-cuts for sawmills) 100.0 25.0 125.0 38.0 163.0 24.5 R 187 15% Sugar cane trash (bales) 161.0 75.0 236.0 38.0 274.0 41.1 R 315 15% Garden waste (chips) 120.0 0.0 120.0 18.0 138.0 20.7 R 159 15% Timber brush from Mbazwane Forests (chips) 119.0 25.0 144.0 175.0 319.0 47.9 R 367 15% Total Biomass           Average price R 280                    
  13. 13. Power demand: in Richards Bay, KZN. Company MW BHP Billiton 200 BHP Billiton Expansion projects 250 Tata Steel 150 Pulp United 55 Foskor 32 Archean India 80 Mauri British Foods 10 Total Power Required 777        
  14. 14. <ul><li>Eskom direct into grid and power wheeled. </li></ul><ul><li>Umhlatuze Municipality direct (1.5% wheeling fee). </li></ul><ul><li>Richards Bay Minerals & BHP direct. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct to large commercial projects in the IDZ and </li></ul><ul><li>Other Adjacent locations R’Bay. </li></ul>Our Customers (R’Bay Area)
  15. 15. Biomass harvesting- Timber stumps into chips Tonnage available R’Bay Area 177,000 Source Mondi, Sappi, DAFF. Amalala Group. Form of biomass Chips (Chipped on-site) Distance from site 0-50km
  16. 16. Biomass harvesting- Timber Brush into bundles Tonnage available R’Bay Area 81,000 Source Sappi and Mondi Amalala Group DAFF + Others Form of biomass Bundles Distance from site 0-50km
  17. 17. Biomass harvesting- Timber Brush into chips Tonnage available R’Bay area 180,000 Source Sappi, RBM Form of biomass Chips Distance from site 0-50km
  18. 18. Biomass harvesting – Other” (pallets, garden waste, sawmill waste into chips): Tonnage available R’Bay Area 20,000 Source Local Sawmills, factories, municipality Form of biomass Chips/ shredded Distance from site 0-50km
  19. 19. Biomass harvesting- Sugar cane into bales Tonnage available R’Bay Area 586,000 to 1m tonne or more Source Felixton and Umfolozi cane growers, Mtunzini, Noodsberg areas Form of biomass Bales of sun-dried cane tops and post-harvest trash Distance from site 0-80km but less than 30km is optimum
  20. 20. Biomass logistics systems and related costs: Cost per ton (0- 50km) R38.00/ton Cost per ton ( 150-200km) R170.00/ton Form of biomass Chips & Logs Distance from site 0 - 200km
  21. 21. Explanation of the terms used <ul><li>Gum plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Pine plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Wattle & some coastal Casuarina Plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Casuarina / Acacia-Wattle/ Pine/ Eucalyptus </li></ul>
  22. 22. Explanation of the terms used (contd): Brushwood Coppice Cane Trash Burnt Cane
  23. 23. Equipment Used: Brush Bundler
  24. 24. Equipment Used: Loaders & Forwarders Bell Timber Loader Bell Forwarder JD Forwarder
  25. 25. Equipment Used: CBI Chipper
  26. 26. Equipment Used: Cane /Maize stalk Baler
  27. 27. Conclusions <ul><li>Biomass and whole round-log timber is available locally. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller plants of 20 to 50 MWe are more viable. </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity purchase agreements can now be concluded in all of SA ( from National Grid/ Eskom and private enterprise) . </li></ul><ul><li>Other opportunities in Piet Retief area (Mondi, Sappi 200 000 Ha timber biomass to 1 Million tons available). </li></ul><ul><li>Western , Eastern Cape & Mpumalanga Province also have under-utilised potential </li></ul>
  28. 28. The Way Forward: Pre-feasibility funding required for: <ul><li>Require a time and motion study on the harvesting system needed for each type BioMass. </li></ul><ul><li>Specialised Equipment available from Bell, CBI and John Deere also other suppliers Volvo etc </li></ul><ul><li>Sign up biomass suppliers (contract) </li></ul><ul><li>Conclude price of biomass supplied to site </li></ul><ul><li>Conclude price paid to farmers/ plantation owners </li></ul><ul><li>Select appropriate factory site to suit logistics / efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct Scoping for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). </li></ul><ul><li>Complete feasibility reports and Business plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Secure adequate funding for initial assessment studies and plans for development clients </li></ul>
  29. 29. The End Original presentation by Gavin Eichler : General Manager ZCSD 2009