Bell Work  <ul><li>Nationalism is highly stressed by this form of government </li></ul><ul><li>A. Communism </li></ul><ul>...
Objective: Cover the events that lead to a communist revolution in China
Nationalist and Communist <ul><li>In all of Asia, revolutionary Marxism had its greatest impact in China </li></ul><ul><li...
Shanghai Massacre <ul><li>In 1927 the Nationalist party under Chiang Kai-shek killed thousands of communist in Shanghai </...
Communist in Hiding <ul><li>After the massacre, communist leaders go into hiding </li></ul><ul><li>They revived the moveme...
Mao Zedong <ul><li>Mao travels south to Jiangxi Province </li></ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong was convinced that the Chinese revol...
The Long March <ul><li>In 1933 Chiang’s army surround Mao’s communists  </li></ul><ul><li>Outnumbered Mao’s People’s Liber...
The Long March <ul><li>This became known as The Long March </li></ul><ul><li>The march lasted over a year </li></ul><ul><l...
Chiang Kai-shek’s New China <ul><li>After the long march the communist threat seemed to have ended  </li></ul><ul><li>Chia...
Chiang Kai-shek’s New China <ul><li>80% of the people were peasants and illiterate  </li></ul><ul><li>They were largely ig...
Chiang Kai-shek
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Revolutionary China

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Revolutionary China

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>Nationalism is highly stressed by this form of government </li></ul><ul><li>A. Communism </li></ul><ul><li>B. Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>C. Fascism </li></ul><ul><li>Answer is Fascism </li></ul>
  2. 2. Objective: Cover the events that lead to a communist revolution in China
  3. 3. Nationalist and Communist <ul><li>In all of Asia, revolutionary Marxism had its greatest impact in China </li></ul><ul><li>1920 Nationalist Party and Communist Party join forces to force out the Chinese warlords and imperialist powers (Europeans) </li></ul><ul><li>The two parties worked together to raise an army and took control of south China </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually the two parties would become enemies </li></ul>
  4. 4. Shanghai Massacre <ul><li>In 1927 the Nationalist party under Chiang Kai-shek killed thousands of communist in Shanghai </li></ul><ul><li>This ended the alliance </li></ul><ul><li>1928 Chiang Kai-shek founded a new republic in Nanjing </li></ul>
  5. 5. Communist in Hiding <ul><li>After the massacre, communist leaders go into hiding </li></ul><ul><li>They revived the movement among discontented urban working class </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mao Zedong <ul><li>Mao travels south to Jiangxi Province </li></ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong was convinced that the Chinese revolution would come from the rural peasant class rather then the working class </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist forces continued to attack the communist </li></ul><ul><li>Mao uses guerrilla tactics to fight successfully against superior numbers </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Long March <ul><li>In 1933 Chiang’s army surround Mao’s communists </li></ul><ul><li>Outnumbered Mao’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) broke through Nationalist lines </li></ul><ul><li>Mao leads his troops on a 6,000 mile march north to the last communist stronghold </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Long March <ul><li>This became known as The Long March </li></ul><ul><li>The march lasted over a year </li></ul><ul><li>90,000 began the march only 9,000 reach the stronghold </li></ul><ul><li>Mao becomes the undisputed leader of the communist party during the march </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chiang Kai-shek’s New China <ul><li>After the long march the communist threat seemed to have ended </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang starts to build a new nation </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist tried to dictate land reform and modernize industry </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chiang Kai-shek’s New China <ul><li>80% of the people were peasants and illiterate </li></ul><ul><li>They were largely ignored by the Nationalist </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese and the Great Depression also threaten the young country </li></ul><ul><li>The discontent of the peasants would grow and come back to haunt Chiang in the future </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chiang Kai-shek

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