Memorization Assessments


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Tutorial explaining how to properly create memorization assessments using mulitple choice, true/false, and matching questions.

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Memorization Assessments

  1. 2. Types of Memorization Assessments <ul><li>When creating assessments, remember that questions must correlate with objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Memorization Assessments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>True/False </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matching </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Multiple choice items consist of a stem, which is the question and alternatives. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The alternatives include the correct answer and incorrect answers (distracters). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most levels of Bloom’s taxonomy can be written as multiple choice questions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, and Analysis </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Constructing a multiple choice question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Relate the question to an objective; leave out unnecessary information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example objective: Name the continents in the eastern hemisphere. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example question: Which of the following is not a continent in the eastern hemisphere? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a. Asia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b. North America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c. Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>d. Australia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Constructing a multiple choice question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Include most of the information in the stem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example question: Latitude is the measure of distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a. east or west of the prime meridian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b. north or south of the equator </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c. from one continent to another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>d. from the earth to the moon </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Constructing a multiple choice question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Do not phrase the question so that the answer is obvious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example question : If you worked in Henry Ford’s factory, you would have built an </li></ul><ul><li>wagon </li></ul><ul><li>train </li></ul><ul><li>automobile </li></ul><ul><li>boat </li></ul><ul><li>Example question: If you worked in Henry Ford’s factory, you would have built a(n) </li></ul><ul><li>wagon </li></ul><ul><li>train </li></ul><ul><li>automobile </li></ul><ul><li>boat </li></ul>
  6. 7. Multiple Choice <ul><li>Constructing a multiple choice question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional pieces of advice: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try not to use always and never as distracters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try not to use none of the above and all of the above </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try to phrase questions in a positive manner </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. True/False <ul><li>Constructing a true/false question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Make sure that the question is entirely true or entirely false </li></ul></ul>Example question: True or False: Abraham Lincoln, George Bush, and George Washington were all members of the Republican Party. (False, because the Republican Party did not exist when George Washington was president) Example question: True or False: Abraham Lincoln and George Bush were members of the Republican Party. (True)
  8. 9. True/False <ul><li>Constructing a true/false question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Use one thought per question </li></ul></ul>Example question: True or False: There have been 38 presidents and George Washington was the first. (False, there have been 43 presidents) Example questions: True or False: George Washington was the first president. (True) There have been 38 presidents. (False)
  9. 10. True/False <ul><li>Limitations of true/false questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Students have a 50/50 chance of guessing the correct answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Limited to the lower levels of Bloom’s taxonomy </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Matching <ul><li>Advantage to matching questions: a lot of information can be assessed in less space on the page </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage to matching questions: “Double Jeopardy” can occur (if there are 5 questions and 5 choices, missing one automatically makes another answer incorrect) </li></ul>
  11. 12. Matching <ul><li>Constructing matching questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Try to keep the test items to six or seven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Keep the items simple (words or phrases) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Include one or two more items in the second column to reduce correct guesses </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Source <ul><li>Morrison, G.R., Ross, S.M., & Kemp, J.E. (2007).  Designing Effective Instruction . Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. </li></ul>