ACH 121 Lecture 12a Doors


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  • Flush: plywood, hardboard or plastic-laminate face panels bonded to solid or hollow-core Stile-and-rail: vertical and horizontal members enclosing wood, glass, or louver inserts creating panel, sash, storm, screen or louver designs Accordion Fold: assembled from narrow slats that give long, drape-like appearance
  • Increases the dimensional stability of a door Provides thermal insulation, sound insulation & fire resistant Fire rated wood doors range from 20 minutes to 1 ½ hours Solid-core material: wood, particle board, mineral composition or combination
  • Glue-Block Core Most common construction Wood blocks bonded together, with end joints staggered Stiles & rails are bonded to core Entire assembly is sanded to a smooth, uniform thickness Face panels are bonded or glued to the assembly Must meet a min. of 1/12 thickness
  • c. & b. Framed-block core: stile and rail frame surrounding an interior core of wood blocks, which may or may not be bonded together, but are bonded to face panels d. Stile-and-rail: consists of wood blocks bonded into stile and rail panel units; Particle-board core: constructed of one or more pieces of particleboard, each the full thickness of the core, may or may not be glued or end-glued together. Stiles and rails may or may not be bonded to core e. Mineral-composition core: only available in fire-rated doors, similar to particle board core doors, core is made of inorganic, non-combustible material formed into a rigid slab. Special blocking and framing are normally required to accommodate hardware, glazed openings and other cutouts f. wood-block, lined core: combination of previous constructions, central wood-block core, with a 3/16” or thinner liner of particleboard or other material bonded to each face to constitue core thickness. Face panels are bonded to assembly and stile & rail frame. Provides added sound insulation, fire resistence
  • Do not provide much thermal insulation or sound insulation Used in interior applications
  • Mesh: wood or wood derivative material joined, interlocked or woven together to form a grid or mesh; honeycomb cores of expanded paper are most common cores Ladder Core: wood or wood derivative strips placed horiz. Or vertically
  • ACH 121 Lecture 12a Doors

    1. 1. Doors <ul><li>Parts of the Frame </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Doors & Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Door & Window Operation </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware Accessories </li></ul>& Windows
    2. 2. Doors <ul><li>Parts of the Door & Frame </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Doors </li></ul><ul><li>Door Operation </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware Accessories </li></ul>This Lecture:
    3. 3. General Purpose for Doors & Windows <ul><li>Provides access to and from building’s exterior & interior areas as well as spaces within the structure. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doors are commonly used for this function </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows are uses as an areaway for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Means of egress in cases for emergency </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Parts of the Door & Frame <ul><li>Door Slab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>veneer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hardware </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Parts of the Door & Frame <ul><li>Door Frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rough opening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>header </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>door stop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>jamb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>casing (trim) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>threshold </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Types of Doors <ul><li>FLUSH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid core </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hollow core </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hollow metal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>STILE-AND-RAIL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panel/Sash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Louvered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storm/screen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ACCORDION FOLD </li></ul>
    7. 7. Types of Doors: Flush <ul><li>Solid Core </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inside of door is made of solid material with laminated veneer material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Core is bonded lumber blocks or particleboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily used as exterior doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security doors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sound insulated doors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire-rated doors </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Types of Doors: Flush <ul><li>Glue-Block Core </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most solid core door construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood blocks bonded together, with end joint staggered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stiles & rails are bonded to core </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Types of Doors: Flush <ul><li>Additional Solid Core Types: </li></ul><ul><li>Framed-Block Core </li></ul><ul><li>Stile & Rail Core </li></ul><ul><li>Particleboard Core </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral-Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Wood-Block, Lined Core </li></ul>
    10. 10. Types of Doors: Flush <ul><li>Hollow Core </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Framework of stiles and rails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honeycomb core of corrugated fiberboard or foam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mesh (cellular) core </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ladder core </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily used as interior doors </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Types of Doors: Flush <ul><li>Mesh (cellular) Core </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood materials woven together to form mesh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face panels are bonded to stiles & rails </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ladder Core </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood strips placed horizontal or vertical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face panels are bonded to stiles & rails </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Types of Doors: Flush <ul><li>Hollow Metal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheets of metal are bonded to rails & stiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filled with rigid plastic-foam core or kraft honeycomb material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rail & Stile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rail Panel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flush </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail <ul><li>Panel/Sash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panel: stile & rail frames enclosing plywood or raised panel fillers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available in variety of designs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interior or exterior uses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sash: like Panel, but have glass light panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior uses </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail Panel Doors Glass & Louvered
    15. 15. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail <ul><li>Panel Designs </li></ul><ul><li>Sash Designs </li></ul>
    16. 16. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail <ul><li>Storm & Screen Doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lightly glazed doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used with exterior doors to improve weather resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adds ventilation, but no BUGS!! </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail <ul><li>Louvered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal wood slats contained within stile & rail frame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chevron or standard slat style </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closet doors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Space dividers/laundry area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom doors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lavatory Doors </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Types of Doors: Accordion Fold <ul><li>Made from slats or strips connected with cord or fabric tape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials  Types  Coverings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wood  solid  vinyl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>plastic  woven  fabric </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>metal  corded  plastic laminate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually hung from ceiling-mounted tracks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operate on nylon rollers or glides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interior Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space dividers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laundry areas </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Prehung Doors <ul><li>“ doors already mounted on hinges in a frame, complete with weatherstripping (if needed), ready to install by merely nailing the frame into the wall.” </li></ul><ul><li>Both interior & exterior doors </li></ul><ul><li>Quicker, less costly to install </li></ul>
    20. 20. Door Operation <ul><li>Broken into 3 categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SWINGING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLIDING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOLDING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other “SPECIALTY” categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REVOLVING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OVERHEAD & COILING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STOREFRONT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operation is determined by use and location of door </li></ul>
    21. 21. Door Operation: Swinging <ul><li>Swings on hinges attached to jamb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can swing on pivots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires area for swing </li></ul><ul><li>Right-hand or left-handed and RH/LH reverse </li></ul><ul><li>Most commonly used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access doors to interior & exterior spaces </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Door Operation: Sliding <ul><li>Bypass Sliding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travels on guided track </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suspended from overhead tracks & operates on rollers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guided track on floor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access through 50% of doorway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One door panel overlaps other </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commonly used as exterior sliding glass door </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also used as closet doors </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Door Operation: Sliding <ul><li>Surface Sliding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to bypass; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Travels on an exposed surface-mounted track </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows access through full width of doorway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closet doors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not commonly used </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Door Operation: Sliding <ul><li>Pocket Sliding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slides on a recessed track within the header of frame and adjacent wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Door slab appears “hidden” when open; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gives a finish look </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kitchen & dining room separation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toilet/shower and sink area separation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Office or den </li></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Door Operation: Folding <ul><li>Hinged panels fold flat against each other when open </li></ul><ul><li>Hung on overhead tracks with rollers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some require floor track </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Require little space for operation </li></ul><ul><li>Interior uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closet/pantry doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laundry area </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Door Operation: Revolving Door <ul><li>3 or 4 “branched panels” that turn about a central core within a round space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Always open or always closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 ft to 8ft in dia. (typical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manual or power assisted operation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires optimum space for entire assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Used primarily for commercial buildings to maintain pedestrian traffic flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevents passage of cold or warm air & noise </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Door Operation: Overhead or Coiling Door <ul><li>Large door that is opened by rolling up into a position above door opening </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed of panels or slats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel, aluminum, wood or fiberglass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Door travels along a jamb mounted guided track </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coiled doors roll into a housing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exterior uses (typical) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Garages, loading docks, shop areas </li></ul></ul>
    28. 29. Door Operation: Glass Storefront/Entrance <ul><li>Door that uses stiles & rails to enclose a large piece of tempered glass </li></ul><ul><li>Stiles & rails are constructed as aluminum, steel or wood </li></ul><ul><li>Used in exterior and interior applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior: entrance to store or lobby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior : entrance to office or conference area </li></ul></ul>
    29. 30. Door Operation: Door Designs <ul><li>FLUSH </li></ul><ul><li>VISION </li></ul>
    30. 31. Door Operation: Door Designs <ul><li>LOUVERED </li></ul><ul><li>DUTCH DOOR </li></ul><ul><li>FRENCH DOOR </li></ul><ul><li>BATTEN DOORS </li></ul>
    31. 32. Hardware Accessories <ul><li>Door Hardware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handle set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Door Handle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lockset </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dead bolt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exposed and Hidden </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic Hardware </li></ul></ul>
    32. 33. Locksets & Strikes Deadbolt Lockset Strike Plate
    33. 34. Door Hardware <ul><li>Cylinder Lock/Latchsets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common in residential applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less durable </li></ul></ul>Inter-connected Entrance: Activation of knob/handle retracts deadbolt
    34. 35. Door Hardware <ul><li>Mortise Locksets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common in commercial applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy duty residential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entrance locksets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integral Deadbolt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul></ul>
    35. 36. Door Hardware <ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many options in residential (shown) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manu more in commercial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options vary by manufacturer </li></ul></ul>
    36. 37. Door Hardware <ul><li>Handles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orbital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Residential only </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not ADA compliant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lever Handle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some residential </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many design options </li></ul></ul></ul>
    37. 38. Door Hardware <ul><li>Automatic Closers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surface mounted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Push or pull side of door </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-Concealed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concealed in door head and attached to door face </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully Concealed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concealed within door frame and door </li></ul></ul></ul>
    38. 39. Door Hardware <ul><li>Panic Hardware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required by code where exit volume is large </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows secure exit with easy exiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No special knowledge required </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes tied to alarm system </li></ul></ul>
    39. 40. Door Hardware <ul><li>Magnetic hold-open </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used with automatic closer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tied to fire alarm system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holds fire door open </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Door closes when alarm is activate </li></ul></ul>
    40. 41. Door Hardware <ul><li>Electronic & Magnetic Locks & Strikes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Keyed/Keyless Entry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-volume access control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic keys can be de-programmed/ programmed at will </li></ul></ul>