EUROPEAN SIMULATION GAME GAME  INSTRUCTIONS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Seven Cultures & Distribution Inuit Inca Protestant Europe Catholic Europe Maasai Chinese Papua Austria Romania Hungar...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over 80% of the Santorinos’ diet comes from their cultivated gardens, next to their huts. The rest comes from hunting by m...
In our culture we would trade goods to gain more food. We would travel to nearby villages to make trade. The men would be ...
 
The slash-and-burn horticulture form of subsistence is very common throughout the world. The Mekranoti-Kayapo tribe (Havil...
While their method of horticulture is very efficient, it is not as productive as intensive agriculture would be, and so it...
Frequent movements fit with their  ambilineal kinship organization  and  ambilocal residence patterns .  Furthermore, due ...
Resources Haviland, W. A., et al. (2007)  Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge . Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. ...
Structure Questions How do we make a living? How do we obtain calories and water? What technology is used and how is it us...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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I N Structions Part2

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  • European Simulation Game is a multicultural activity organized by EGEA Athens for the 2008 European Year of Intercultural Dialogue through European Union’s YOUTH Programme.

    The slides presented here were part of the Game’s Instruction Guide for all participating young people. We welcome any proposals and comments for future activities. Contact Vasileios Peppas, Harokopio University of Athens!!
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  • This presentation has been created by Vasilis Peppas, EGEA Athens
    Follow us on: http://www.slideshare.net/egeaathens/
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  • I N Structions Part2

    1. 1. EUROPEAN SIMULATION GAME GAME INSTRUCTIONS
    2. 82. The Seven Cultures & Distribution Inuit Inca Protestant Europe Catholic Europe Maasai Chinese Papua Austria Romania Hungary Austria Romania Lithuania Estonia Cyprus Slovenia Lithuania Estonia Slovenia The Netherlands Hungary Estonia Spain The Netherlands Greece Spain Poland Lithuania Hungary Austria Poland Hungary Austria Romania The Netherlands Lithuania Cyprus Romania Lithuania Cyprus Slovenia Poland The Netherlands Estonia Slovenia The Netherlands Estonia Spain Romania Poland Greece Spain Poland Hungary Austria Slovenia
    3. 98. Over 80% of the Santorinos’ diet comes from their cultivated gardens, next to their huts. The rest comes from hunting by men and gathering by women. Men hunt with bows and arrows made from black palm and bamboo. Men hunt large game in the rainforests surrounding their villages, but are generally unsuccessful. They also fish.
    4. 99. In our culture we would trade goods to gain more food. We would travel to nearby villages to make trade. The men would be the main people that do the trading while the women stay home and take care of the home and family. Our exchange system would be different from other tribes because when we trade we do not expect anything in return in that visit. We will leave it up the other tribes to come trade with us in order to keep a trading system going. With the trading system we would build allies with other tribes by building the trust that they will also come to our tribe for exchange.
    5. 101. The slash-and-burn horticulture form of subsistence is very common throughout the world. The Mekranoti-Kayapo tribe (Haviland, p. 165) practice a similar mode of subsistence, as do tribes of Papua-New Guinea and the people of Chiapas, Mexico (Haviland, 164). As noted by Haviland, the slash-and-burn system produces between 10 to 20 calories for each calorie of work put in. In contrast, the high-tech farming techniques of the farmers in the U.S. actually require more energy input than they produce: 7 calories for one calorie of food energy
    6. 102. While their method of horticulture is very efficient, it is not as productive as intensive agriculture would be, and so it only supports small populations . Therefore the Santorinos people tend to live in small villages, often no larger than 50 people in each village. As you will read in other sections of this ethnography, this has important effects on the rest of their cultural aspects. Due to the small population there is no need for formal laws or leadership . Most disputes can be handled informally through group discussion, gossip, and ridicule. If a dispute cannot be settled, it often leads to the breakup of a village, which actually is beneficial to their subsistence as it allows people to farm on land that is virtually untouched and very fertile .
    7. 103. Frequent movements fit with their ambilineal kinship organization and ambilocal residence patterns . Furthermore, due to the fact that most people will ultimately know everybody they will ever see in their lifetimes, they place a strong value on interpersonal relationships and friendliness . They are very sophisticated in negotiating troublesome relationships and healing interpersonal wounds through a variety of group rituals , like the simple “interlocking elbow” greeting, offered unconditionally to everyone everyday, symbolizing their eternal “links” to one another.
    8. 104. Resources Haviland, W. A., et al. (2007) Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge . Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slash_and_burn http://rainforests.mongabay.com/0701.htm
    9. 105. Structure Questions How do we make a living? How do we obtain calories and water? What technology is used and how is it used? Who exchanges, with whom, and why?

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