On 16 March Magellan reached the Philippines, to be the first Spaniards to reach that archipelago.
During the battle against aborigines in Philippines, Magellan was shot by a poisonous arrow and killed in his final fight.
Four men of the original crew finally returned to Spain in 1525, 51 of them had died in war or from disease. In total, approximately 232 Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, English and German sailors died on the expedition around the world with Magellan.</li></li></ul><li>Purpose of Journey<br /><ul><li>The aim of Christopher Columbus 1492–1503 voyages to the West had been to reach the Indies and to establish commercial relations between Spain and the Asian kingdoms.
The Spanish soon realized that the lands of the Americas were not a part of Asia, but a new continent.
It became urgent for Spain to find a new commercial route to Asia since it would open the “Spice Route" without damaging relations with the neighboring Portuguese.
Spanish king Charles V named Magellan captain so that he could travel in search of the spice islands.</li></li></ul><li>Hardships and Challenges<br /><ul><li>Magellan could not do it alone and sponsored by Spain Crown.
Sailed for many days in open ocean without seeing any land.
Their food gave out and water supply became contaminated, crew was suffering from hunger and diseases. They ate rats, leather clothing and sawdust to avoid starvations therefore became sick with scurvy.
Magellan lost ships on his way - during the winter a storm destroyed one of Magellan's ships and another ship was abandoned in battles later.
Magellan’s crew had a lot of fights with aborigines and killed in battles.</li></li></ul><li>Historical Contributions<br /><ul><li>Discovered passage to the Pacific Strait soon to be named the Strait of Magellan.
Proved that it was possible to reach the Spice Islands by sailing westward.
Also proved that these islands belonged to Spain not Portugal.
As a result Portugal had to pay Spain a big amount of money to keep these islands at their own possession.</li></li></ul><li>Quiz<br /><ul><li>Where Magellan was born?</li></ul>Portugal<br /><ul><li>Which country was funding his journey?</li></ul>Spain<br /><ul><li>What was main goal of Magellan’s journey?</li></ul>Open the “Spice Route"<br /><ul><li> How many crewmen did return from the journey?</li></ul>Four men<br /><ul><li>Where didMagellan die?</li></ul>Philippines<br />