Protists Powerpoint

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Protists Powerpoint

  1. 1. By Steven Campbell
  2. 2. <ul><li>Causes African sleeping sickness </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Single flagella </li></ul><ul><li>Some Euglenozoans have chloroplasts </li></ul><ul><li>Do not have a cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>Trypanosoma brucei </li></ul><ul><li>http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/Protists.html </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Single celled </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in freshwater, saltwater, soil, and even as parasites. </li></ul><ul><li>Sarcodina </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduces asexually </li></ul><ul><li>Moves via pseudopods, and also consumes other organisms (like protists) with pseudopods </li></ul><ul><li>Amoeba proteus </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.scienceclarified.com/Al-As/Amoeba.html </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Single celled </li></ul><ul><li>Move via cilia (is a ciliate) </li></ul><ul><li>Eats via a gullet, and feeds on microorganisms like yeast and bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Can be found in freshwater rivers, lakes, and ponds </li></ul><ul><li>Ciliophora </li></ul><ul><li>Paramecium aurelia </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bio.umass.edu/biology/conn.river/parameci.html </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Known to cause malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Apicomplexa </li></ul><ul><li>Single-celled </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in the saliva of mosquitoes and as a host in humans and other animals </li></ul><ul><li>Is a parasite and requires a host to live </li></ul><ul><li>Plasmodium falciparum </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Contains chloroplasts </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in a marine habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Can reproduce “explosively” to cause red tides and kill mass amounts of fish </li></ul><ul><li>Moves by multiple, irregular flagella </li></ul><ul><li>Ceratium hirundinella </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinoflagellate </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Found in freshwater </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for most freshwater photosynthesis – are the main producers </li></ul><ul><li>Heterokontophyta </li></ul><ul><li>Arachnoidiscus ehrenbergi </li></ul><ul><li>http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/Protists.html </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Contain golden-brown chloroplasts </li></ul><ul><li>Have two dissimilar flagella </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in cold fresh water </li></ul><ul><li>Heterokontophyta </li></ul><ul><li>Causes foul-tasting water occasionally </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Prymnesium parvum </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cs.cuc.edu/~tfutcher/Chrysophyta.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/landwater/water/environconcerns/hab/ga/ </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Has cell walls made of cellulose </li></ul><ul><li>Is a fish parasite and can cause economic damage to fish hatcheries </li></ul><ul><li>Has hyphae </li></ul><ul><li>Heterkonta </li></ul><ul><li>Saprolegnia parasitica </li></ul><ul><li>http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/saprolegnia.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saprolegnia </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Lives in the ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Uses the pigment phycoerythrin, which allows it to dwell in deeper areas </li></ul><ul><li>Important source of food in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Autotrophic </li></ul><ul><li>Rhodophyta </li></ul><ul><li>Kallymenia perforata </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/protista/rhodophyta.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tolweb.org/Rhodophyta </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Uses cilia to move and capture prey </li></ul><ul><li>Common in freshwater lakes and streams </li></ul><ul><li>Ciliophora </li></ul><ul><li>Stentor roeseli </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stentor_(protozoa) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Reproduce by budding </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Usually anchored to something, although they can be free-swimming via cilia </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a myoneme to coil up like a spring </li></ul><ul><li>Ciliophora </li></ul><ul><li>Vorticella convallaria </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.microscope-microscope.org/applications/pond-critters/protozoans/ciliphora/vorticella.htm </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Technically unicellular, but have lots of nuclei and are formed when many flagellates fuse </li></ul><ul><li>Move by streaming cytoplasm, similar to amoebas but on a larger scale. </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in cool, moist, shady areas like dead leaves and logs </li></ul><ul><li>Amoebozoa </li></ul><ul><li>Physarum polycephalum </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/protista/slimemolds.html </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>1 flagella </li></ul><ul><li>Single-celled </li></ul><ul><li>Euglenozoa </li></ul><ul><li>Has a distinct eyespot or stigma that reacts to light </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in marine and fresh water </li></ul><ul><li>Euglena gracilis </li></ul><ul><li>http://euglena.msu.edu/ </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Lives in the gut of termites to help them digest wood </li></ul><ul><li>Has 4 anterior flagella </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Metamonada </li></ul><ul><li>Mixotricha paradoxa </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mixotricha_paradoxa </li></ul><ul><li>http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Mixotricha </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Phyla Apicomplexa </li></ul><ul><li>Single celled </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause diarrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Only uses human hosts </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclospora cayetanensis </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclospora_cayetanensis </li></ul>

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