Cognitivism

2,164 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,164
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
47
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cognitivism

  1. 1. Cognitivism<br />
  2. 2. The learner is viewed as an information processor (like a computer).<br />
  3. 3. Merrill -Component Display Theory (CDT)<br />Reigeluth (Elaboration Theory) <br />Gagne, Briggs, Wager, Bruner (moving toward cognitive constructivism).<br />Schank (scripts), Scandura (structural learning)<br />
  4. 4. KEYWORDS<br />Schema, schemata, information processing, symbol manipulation, information mapping, mental models<br />
  5. 5. Piaget’s Stage Theory of Cognitive Development<br />Sensorimotor stage (Birth to 2 years old). <br />The infant builds an understanding of himself or herself and reality (and how things work) through interactions with the environment.<br />
  6. 6. Piaget’s Stage Theory of Cognitive Development<br />Preoperational stage (ages 2 to 4). <br />The child is not yet able to conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situation<br />
  7. 7. Piaget’s Stage Theory of Cognitive Development<br />Concrete operations (ages 7 to 11). <br />As physical experience accumulates, accomodation is increased. The child begins to think abstractly and conceptualize, creating logical structures that explain his or her physical experiences.<br />
  8. 8. Piaget’s Stage Theory of Cognitive Development<br />Formal operations (beginning at ages 11 to 15). <br /> Cognition reaches its final form. By this stage, the person no longer requires concrete objects to make rational judgements.<br />
  9. 9. Dewey<br />Learning to think<br />Not just doing something, but reflecting and learning from it.<br />
  10. 10. Bruner<br />Knowledge is a process, not a product.<br />Taughthow to analyse problems<br />
  11. 11. Ausubel<br />Relating new learning to thing that they already know.<br />Bridging.<br />
  12. 12. In order to learn, understandingis necessary.<br />
  13. 13. Gardner-Multiple Intelligence<br />7 Intelligence areas<br />Lingustic<br />Logical<br />Bodily<br />Spacial<br />Interpersonal<br />Intrapersonal<br />Musical<br />

×