Environment

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This is for Ms. Powell's class. Shame on you if you rip it.

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  • Environment

    1. 1. Environment By: Hannah Duncan Zach Johnson Nathan Mitchener Jing Sun Coral Williams
    2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Entrepreneurial politics: benefits everyone and limits few </li></ul><ul><li>Client Politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers and pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interest group politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majoritarian politics: benefits many but limits money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Definitions <ul><li>Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of possible impact of something on environment used to stop/change projects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Control-and-Command </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve air and water quality by setting detailed rules enforced by courts </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Environmental Policy <ul><li>US much different from Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More adversarial and more interactive(more arguments in US and states have a voice) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government and business leaders wrote policies for England </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Entrepreneurial Politics <ul><li>1969: Oil spill on Santa Barbara, California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of EPA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tougher Clean Air Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Quality improvement Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endangered Species Act </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Global Warming <ul><li>Need for more research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Back-and-forth between skeptics and activists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific uncertainty </li></ul>
    7. 7. Majoritarian Politics <ul><li>Public supports tough laws when someone else pays </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEPA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often needs material incentives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridges, streets, etc </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Automobiles <ul><li>Public demanded improvements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States became the enforcers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industry and consumers objected to new standards </li></ul>
    9. 9. Interest Groups: Acid Rain <ul><li>Acidic caused by sulfur and nitrogen emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific uncertainties fuels argument </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel Mills/Electric Power Plants claim damage to environment not completely their fault </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentalists claim damage primarily from steel mills/electric power </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Attempts to Regulate <ul><li>1977: Passed bill that requires “scrubbers” to be placed in all new factories </li></ul><ul><li>1990: Clean Air Act--businesses can buy emission credits </li></ul><ul><li>2004+: More proposed but not passed </li></ul>
    11. 11. Agricultural Pesticides Farmers v. Regulation <ul><li>Farmers well-organized and well-represented in government </li></ul><ul><li>EPA: research pesticides--few pesticides taken off market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generally only taken off when well publicized </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Farmers got subsidies </li></ul>
    12. 12. Uncertainties <ul><li>Unclear goals (command-and-control strategies) and problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unrealistic expectations of costs and results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus easily changed </li></ul><ul><li>Rules replaced by incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Complaints </li></ul>

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