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السياسة الاقتصادية

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السياسة الاقتصادية

  1. 1. †ŽÂ<oÖ^nÖ]<ëçߊÖ]<êÛ×ÃÖ]<†³ö¹] ì…ç’ß¹]<íÃÚ^q<–<ÑçÏ£]<íé×ÓÖ – – << < <á]çßÃe<o < <<…^ma<ë^Ëi<»<í膒¹]<íè^’jÎ÷]<l^‰^éŠÖ]<…æ íé¹^ÃÖ]<íéÖ^¹]<íÚ‡ù] ( ) << @ @]‚Âc ‚ÊÚ<‚Û¦<îé¦<K< –
  2. 2. – ) – – ( . . . . – . ) (
  3. 3. . . . .
  4. 4. ‫ا ول‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫تا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫أزﻡ ت ا‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫) (‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫(.‬ ‫–‬ ‫)‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫(:‬ ‫–‬ ‫)‬ ‫‪ª‬‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫) 1( .‬ ‫.‬
  5. 5. . . . ( ) . . : ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . . : . (1 ) (R-Triffin) – (2 ) . : – R.Triffin, Gold and the Dollar Crisis, Yale, 1960. (3) Hazem Beblawi, the Arab Gulf Economy in a Turbulent Age, Groom Helm, London, 1984. (4) Human Development Report, 1999, UNDP, Oxford University Press, 1999. – – (5 ) .
  6. 6. ( ) . – . . . . ( ) . ( ) . (1) Harold James: The International Monetary System, New York; Oxford University Press, 1999. (2) Harold James, op.cit. 1999. (3) Firdrik Gemson: Globalization and Political Strategy, 2001.
  7. 7. – – ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . " ( ) " ( ) . . . – (1) Timothy Lane and others: : IMF-Supported Prograrns in Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand, IMF Occasional Paper 178, 1999. (2) Robert Garran: Tiges Tamed: The end of the Asian Miracle, 1998. (3) Paul Hirst Grahame Thompsion: Globalization in Question, 1999, 2004. (4) J. Timmons Roberts, Amy Hite: from Modernization to Globalization, 2000.
  8. 8. – . – ( ) ] . .[ " " . " " " " ( ) ) ( ( ) . . ( ) . , . , (1) J. Timmons Roberts, Amy Hite: from Modernization to Globalization, 2000. : . (2 ) . 3 ( ) Kevin Watkins : Making Globalization work for the Poor 2002. (4) Paul Streeten, Op.cit. 1999.
  9. 9. ( ) . , , ( ) . . ( ) . ) ( ) ( : ª . – – " ( ) . " (1) Kevin Watkins : Making Globalization work for the Poor 2002. (2)Paul Streeten : Integration, Interdependence, and Globalization, 2007. (3)James M. Boughton: Globalization and the Silent Revolution of the 1980s, 2002. (4)Firdrik Gemson: Globalization and Political Strategy, 2001. (5) Kevin Watkins : Making Globalization work for the Poor 2002.
  10. 10. . . ( ) . . . – – ]. .[ . ( ) [ – ] . : : (1) Jagdish Bhagwati: Targeting Rich – Country Protectionism Jubilee 2000. (2)Kevin Watkins : Making Globalization work for the Poor 2002.
  11. 11. , ( ) . . – – . : – – . ( ) . . . : ª ­ : – – (1 ) . (2 ) . / / . / /
  12. 12. ( ) : . . . Bailout Plan ( ) , . ( ) . – – : .. . . Ec.Recession ( ) % , . (1 ) . (2 )
  13. 13. ( ) . : : ] ( ) : [ : % % . : . : . % % : . : % . (1 ) ( ) (2 ) .
  14. 14. . . : ] [ % . : .% % : . % : . .
  15. 15. : : " " – – . . ( ) . . – G7 .[ ] – – . : – . . . (1 )
  16. 16. – – . . – – :( ) . . .. – ( ) : ( – – ) ( ) . . . ... . : . (1 ) . . : . (2 ) .
  17. 17. . (.. ) ( ) . ( ) . . .. : ( ) . : . (1 ) . : . (2 ) . : (3 ) - Cycles, Global Terrorism, and World Development. Alternatives: Turkish Journal International Relations, Vol. 6, No.1 &2, Spring & Summer 2007. - MOHAMMAD KARIM: Globalization and Post-Soviet Revival of Islam in Central Asia and the Caucuses. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3, December 2005. - HASAN KOSEBALABAN: The Impact of Globalization on Islamic Political Identity: The Case of Turkey, World Affairs, Vol. 168No.1 Summer 2005. - Fauzi Najjar: THE MRABS, ISLAM AND GLOBALIZATION, MIDDLE EAST POLICY, VOL, XII, NO. 3, FALL 2005. - AHMET T. KHRU: Globalization and Diversification of Islamic Movements: Three Turkish Cases. - Political Science Quarterly Volume 120 Number 2 2005. - Alexandria HORSTMANN: Ethnohistorical Perspectives on Buddhist-Muslim Relations and Coexistence in Southern Thailand: From Shared Cosmos to the Emergence of Hatred? SOJOURN Vol. 19, Nc. 1 (2004), pp.76-99. - Suzaina Kadir: Mapping Muslim politics in Southeast Asia after September 11, The Pacific Review, Vol. 17 No. 2 June 2004: 199-222. - SINDRE BANGSTAD: The Changed Circumstances for The Persormance of Religious Authority in A Cape Mustim Community, Jourmal of Religion in Africa, 34, 1-2. - LEONARD A. STONE: The Islamic Crescent: Islam, Culture and Globalization, Innovation, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2002. - Roxanne L. Euben: Contingent Borders, Syncretic Perspective: Globalization, Political Theory, and Islamizing Knowledge, International Studies Association, Blackwell Publishing, 2002. - STEPHEN VERTIGANS and PHILIP W. SUTTON: Globalization Theory and Islamic Praxis, Global Society, Vol. 16, No. 1.2002.
  18. 18. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ﻡ ا ا‬ ‫د ا‬ ‫ا زﻡ ا‬ ‫ﺕﺙ‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫]‬ ‫[‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫(‬ ‫( )‬ ‫)‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬
  19. 19. : ª ª ª : :ª () ( ) ( ) : ( ) ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( , , % , % , % , % , ) ( , , % , . % , ) % , ( . , . , ,
  20. 20. % , . , . . , : ª (ª ) ( ) : ) (% , , % , % , % , , ) ( , . , . , . : : / ( ) ( )
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  22. 22. ª ª : : % % % . ( ) % , ( ) % , ( ) , ) , ( ) ) ( , ( , ( ) ( ) , , / , ( ) / ( ) / , / , ,
  23. 23. ) , ( ( ) ( ) , , , , / , / , / ( ) / , ( ) ( ) % , % , . % , % , , ( ) ( ) % ) % ( ) ( ( ) , , ( ) .( ) ( )
  24. 24. % , % , . % , % , . % , . ( )
  25. 25. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫تا‬ ‫ﻡ وا‬ ‫دور ا‬ ‫دي ﺙ ر ا زﻡ‬ ‫:‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫¯:‬ ‫:‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬
  26. 26. ) ( ) ( . . ( ) . (Milton Friedman) ( ) ( ) . ]. .[ – ]. .[ – ( ) ) .. ( . . / (1 )
  27. 27. ( ) . .. . . [ ]. ( ) . . . : : . ( ) " " (1 ) . . : (2 )
  28. 28. : . . – – " " . ( ) . – ( ) : . . : . . . . . ( ) . . (1 )
  29. 29. . : . : . . . . . . . : . : ª ª : . .
  30. 30. . . . . . ( ) : : ( ) . .( ) . ( ) . : ( ) . . ( ) : . . . . (1 )
  31. 31. : ( ) . . : ( ) . : . .( ) . . . : ( ) . . : .( ) . . : ( ) . : .
  32. 32. . : ( ) : : . . .( ) . . . : . . : ( ) . : . . . . .
  33. 33. : ( ) ( ) : . . : . . . : . . : ( ) . : . .
  34. 34. ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫.‬ ‫‪:ª‬‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬
  35. 35. . Ë
  36. 36. ‫ﺏ وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫) ( .‬ ‫.‬ ‫) (‬ ‫.‬ ‫/‬ ‫/‬ ‫/‬ ‫/‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫) ( .‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫) ( .‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫:‬ ‫) ( .‬ ‫.‬ ‫) (‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫) ( .‬ ‫.‬ ‫) (‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫) (‬ ‫.‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫.‬ ‫/‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬
  37. 37. ( ) . ( ) .( ) ( ) .( ) . ( ) www.fao.faostal.org ( ) . Food situation.www.fao.org/world .Comtrade ( ) : : (1) Harold James: The International Monetary System, New York; Oxford University Press, 1999. (2) Firdrik Gemson: Globalization and Political Strategy, 2001. (3) Timothy Lane and others: IMF-Supported Prograrns in Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand, IMF Occasional Paper 178, 1999. (4) Robert Garran: Tiges Tamed: The end of the Asian Miracle, 1998. (5) Paul Hirst Grahame Thompsion: Globalization in Question, 1999, 2004. (6) J. Timmons Roberts, Amy Hite: from Modernization to Globalization, 2000. (7) Kevin Watkins : Making Globalization work for the Poor 2002. (8) Paul Streeten : Integration, Interdependence, and Globalization, 2001. (9) Paul Streeten : Components of a Future Development Strategy, 1999. (10) James M. Boughton: Globalization and the Silent Revolution of the 1980s, 2002.
  38. 38. (11) Jagdish Bhagwati: Targeting Rich – Country Protectionism Jubilee 2000. (12) R. Triffin, Gold and Dollar Crisis, Yale, 1960. (13) Hazem Beblawi, the Arab Gulf Economy in a University Press, 1999. (14) Cycles, Global Terrorism, and World Development. Alternatives: Turkish Journal International Relations, Vol. 6, No.1 &2, Spring & Summer 2007. (15) MOHAMMAD KAR1M: Globalization and Post-Soviet Revival of Islam in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3, December 2005. (16) HASAN KOSEBALABAN: The Impact of Globalization on Islamic Political Identity: The Case of Turkey, World Affairs, Vol. 168 No.1 Summer 2005. (17) Fauzi Najjar: THE ARABS, ISLAM AND GLOBALIZATION, MIDDLE EAST POLICY, VOL, XII, NO. 3, FALL 2005. (18) AHMET T. KHRU: Globalization and Diversification of Islamic Movements: Three Turkish Cases. (19) Political Science Quarterly Volume 120 Number 2 2005. (20) Alexandria HORSTMANN: Ethnohistorical Perspectives on Buddhist-Muslim Relations and Coexistence in Southern Thailand: From Shared Cosmos to the Emergence of Hatred? SOJOURN Vol. 19, Nc. 1 (2004), pp.76-99. (21) Suzaina Kadir: Mapping Muslim politics in Southeast Asia after September 11, The Pacific Review, Vol. 17 No. 2 June 2004: 199-222. (22) SINDRE BANGSTAD: The Changed Circumstances for The Performance of Religious Authority in A Cape Mustim Community, Jourmal of Religion in Africa, 34, 1-2. (23) LEONARD A. STONE: The Islamic Crescent: Islam, Culture and Globalization, Innovation, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2002. (24) Roxanne L. Euben: Contingent Borders, Syncretic Perspective: Globalization, Political Theory, and Islamizing Knowledge, International Studies Association, Blackwell Publishing, 2002. (25) STEPHEN VERTIGANS and PHILIP W. SUTTON: Globalization Theory and Islamic Praxis, Global Society, Vol. 16, No. 1.2002.
  39. 39. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ :( ) ( ) ( ) / . ) ( ) ( ) % ( ) ( ( ) , , , , , , , ( ) , , , , , , , ( ) , , , , , , , ( ) , , , , , , , ( ) : : (1) www.fao.faostat.org. (2) Comtrade . ( ) .( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
  40. 40. :( ) ( ) ( ) ) ) / . ( ) ( ) % ( ( ) ( , , , , , , , ( ) , , , , , , ( ) : : (1) www.fao.faostat.org. (2) Comtrade . ( ) .( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
  41. 41. :( ) , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , : : Food Situation www.fao.faostat.org
  42. 42. :( ) ( ) ( ) % % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , : : www.fao.faostat.org
  43. 43. :( ) % % , , , , , / , , , , , / , , , , , / : : .
  44. 44. ‫تا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫......................................................................‬ ‫........................................................................‬ ‫( ...............................‬ ‫)‬ ‫:‬ ‫......................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫.............................‬ ‫:‬ ‫..................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫......................................................................‬ ‫..............‬ ‫:‬ ‫.........‬ ‫:‬ ‫.....................‬ ‫:‬ ‫.......................................................................‬ ‫........................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫........................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫.................................................................‬ ‫.................................................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫...............................................................‬ ‫:‬ ‫.....................................................‬ ‫.........................................................‬ ‫.............................................................‬

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