Learning theories ppt

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Learning theories ppt

  1. 1. Cognitivist Learning theory<br />By: C. S.<br />
  2. 2. What is Cognitivist Learning Theory? <br />Active process of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring it<br />Behavior analysis measures the effect of these activities on learning<br />Different than Behaviorism because “thinking” plays a major role<br />
  3. 3. Theory Contributors<br />Allan Paivio (1925-)<br />Verbal and Visual combinations help people recall information<br />Dual Coding Theory<br />People process information in two ways:<br />Images <br />Language <br />Three sub categories:<br />Representational-<br />Referential- nonverbal cues activate verbal processes (or vice versa)<br />Associative- Both text and graphics are used for mental recognition<br />
  4. 4. Theory Contributors<br />Robert Gagne (1916-2002)<br />Concepts build on one another<br />Building Block Principle:<br />Verbal Information (base)<br />Intellectual Skills (midsection)<br />Cognitive Strategies (midsection)<br />Motor Skills (midsection)<br />Attitudes (apex)<br />
  5. 5. Theory Contributors<br />Howard Gardner (1943-)<br />Theory of Multiple Intelligences:<br />People use 8 different intelligences to understand the world:<br />Linguistic-verbal<br />Logical-mathematical<br />Spatial-visual<br />Body-kinesthetic<br />Musical<br />Interpersonal<br />Intrapersonal<br />Naturalist <br />
  6. 6. Theory Contributors <br />Benjamin Bloom (1913-1999)<br />Most famous for creating Bloom’s Taxonomy<br />Six levels ranging simple to complex<br />Used to acquire knowledge about a subject:<br />Knowledge<br />Comprehension<br />Application<br />Analysis<br />Synthesis<br />Evaluation <br />
  7. 7. Classroom implications<br />As an educator: <br />Without Technology:<br />Visual aids like posters and physical objects can be used to reinforce concepts<br />With Technology:<br />Visual aids can be used again<br />Powerpoints<br />Document Cameras<br />Interactive tools that challenge students past the basics<br />Smart boards<br />CPS Clickers<br />
  8. 8. Classroom Implications <br />As a student:<br />Without Technology:<br />Students are supposed to push themselves to think critically<br />Build on the concepts they’ve already learned via traditional avenues<br />With Technology:<br />Students are encouraged to test their theories and hypothesis <br />Smart boards<br />Virtual programs<br />
  9. 9. Personal critique of cognitivism <br />Cognitivism would work well with my style of teaching<br />I can use interactive tools to engage students<br />It requires students to build on previous knowledge <br />Makes students rely on themselves for answers<br />Students have to think past the basics to answer questions <br />
  10. 10. Works Cited<br />Theories:<br />Shelly, Gary, Glenda Gunter, and Randolph Gunter. Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. 6th. Boston, Ma: Course Technology, Cengage Learning, 2010. 369-76. Print. <br />http://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.html<br />Images:<br />http://www.frasermustardchair.ca/wp-content/uploads/Building-Blocks-Building-Brains.jpg<br />http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/images/thinkingcapwhoa_color.gif<br />http://isobe.typepad.com/sketchpad/images/Thinking-The-Boxs.jpg<br />

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