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# Electrical Machines Iii Jntu Model Paper{Www.Studentyogi.Com}

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### Electrical Machines Iii Jntu Model Paper{Www.Studentyogi.Com}

1. 1. www.studentyogi.com www.studentyogi.com Code No: R05310204 Set No. 1 III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) What is short pitch winding & distributed winding? Why the armature wind- ing is distributed & short pitch type? (b) Calculate the EMF of a 4 pole, 3-F, star connected alternator running at 1500 r.p.m from the following data: Flux per pole = 0.1 wb, Total number of slots = 48, Conductors per slot (in two layers) = 4, coil span = 150o. [8+8] 2. (a) Explain the load characteristics of an alternator. (b) The phase EMF of a 3-F alternator consist of fundamental, 20 % 3r d harmonic & 10 % fth harmonic. The amplitude of fundamental is 1000 V. Calculate the RMS value of line & phase voltage, when the alternator is connected in i. Star ii. Delta. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the voltage regulation metho d of an alternator by which the armature reaction & leakage reactance can be separated. (b) A 3-F, star connected salient pole synchronous generator is driven at a speed near synchronous with the eld circuit open and the stator is supplied from a balanced 3-F supply. Voltmeter connected across the line gave minimum and maximum readings of 1196 V & 1217 Volts. The line current uctuated between 120 & 225 Amp. Find the direct and quadrature axis reactances per phase. Neglect armature resistances. [8+8] 4. (a) Explain the ‘two bright one dark’ & ‘all dark’ method of synchronization of alternators. (b) The EMFs of two alternators are 3000 200 & 2900 00 V. Their synchronous impedances are 2 + j20 /ph & 2.5 + j30 /ph. The load impedance is 10 + j4 /ph. Find the circulating current. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the construction & working principle of Synchronous motor. (b) A 3- F, 400 V star connected SM has e ective per phase armature resistance & synchronous reactance of 0.2 & 2 respectively. It takes 20 A to deliver a certain load. Calculate the excitation EMF induced in the motor if it works with i. 0.8 pf lagging ii. 0.8 pf leading
2. 2. www.studentyogi.com www.studentyogi.com Code No: R05310204 Set No. 1 iii. UPF. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the construction of ‘ ’ for a synchronous motor. (b) Calculate the synchronous coe cient (in kW & Nm per mechanical degree) at full load for a 1 MVA, 0.8 pf lagging, 6.6 kV, 8 pole, star connected generator of negligible resistance & synchronous reactance of 0.8 pu. [8+8] 7. (a) Explain the operation of ‘ ’ with vector diagram. (b) Explain how the direction of a single phase Induction motor cab be reversed. [8+8] 8. (a) Compare AC series motor & Universal motor. (b) Compare variable reluctance stepper motor & permanent magnet stepper mo- tor. [8+8]
3. 3. www.studentyogi.com www.studentyogi.com Code No: R05310204 Set No. 2 III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) Explain the various winding factors? Explain the e ects of each of them. (b) Determine the slot distribution and the pole phase group sequence for a 45 slot, 6 pole, 3-F winding. [6+10] 2. (a) Explain the e ect of armature reaction on the EMF induced. Is it possible to obtain load voltage more than EMF induced? if yes, how? (b) A 200 kVA, 480 V, 50 Hz, star connected synchronous generator with a rated eld current of 5A was tested and the following data were obtained: OC test: 540 V between lines on open circuit. SC test: 300 A. When a DC voltage of 10 V was applied to two of its terminals, a current of 25 A was measured, nd the value of synchronous impedance, synchronous reactance voltage regulation of 0.6 p.f leading. [8+8] 3. (a) How the MMF method is di erent from EMF metho d in nding voltage reg- ulation of an alternator? Explain the drawbacks of each method. (b) A 1 MVA, 11 kV, 3-F, star connected synchronous machine has following OCC test data: [6+10] f 50 110 140 180 OL-kV 7 12.5 13.75 15 (where EOL is the line voltage at no load) The short circuit test yielded full load current at a eld current of 60 A. The ZPF yielded a full load current at terminal voltage for a eld current of 150 A. The armature resistance is negligible. Calculate the voltage regulation at full load 0.866 pf lagging by Potier triangle method. 4. (a) Explain the ‘two bright one dark’ & ‘all dark’ method of synchronization of alternators. (b) The EMFs of two alternators are 3000 200 & 2900 00 V. Their synchronous impedances are 2 + j20 /ph & 2.5 + j30 /ph. The load impedance is 10 + j4 /ph. Find the circulating current. [8+8] 5. A 20 pole, 30 kW, 660 V, 50 Hz, star connected synchronous motor is operating with it’s per phase generated voltage exactly equal to the phase voltage applied to armature. At loaded condition the motor is retarded by 5o mechanical from its synchronous position. Per phase synchronous reactance & the e ective armature resistance are 10 & 1 respectively. Calculate:
4. 4. www.studentyogi.com www.studentyogi.com Code No: R05310204 Set No. 2 (a) Armature current (b) The total power drawn by the motor from bus. (c) The developed power. [16] 6. (a) Explain the construction of damper winding. Clearly show the location of damper winding. (b) With neat diagram & explanation, show how damper winding prevents oscil- lations. [8+8] 7. (a) Why single phase motors are not self starting? (b) Explain the necessary arrangements made to make single phase Induction motor self starting & with neat diagram explain the operations of same. [8+8] 8. (a) Give the applications of various types of permanent magnet motors. (b) Explain the working principle of permanent magnet motors. [8+8]
5. 5. www.studentyogi.com www.studentyogi.com Code No: R05310204 Set No. 3 III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) Obtain the expression for the RMS value of EMF induced in an alternator. (b) An alternator is operating at no load has an induced EMF of 346.4 V/ph and a frequency of 60 Hz. If the pole ux is deceased by 15 % & the speed is increased by 6.8 %; determine [8+8] i. The induced EMF ii. Frequency. 2. (a) A 16 pole, 3-F star connected alternator has 144 slots. The coils are short pitched by one slot. The ux per pole is F = 100 sin + 30 sin 3 + 20 sin 5 . Find the harmonics as percentage of phase voltage & line voltage. (b) De ne i. synchronous reactance ii. Synchronous impedance and iii. leakage reactance in an alternator. [10+6] 3. (a) With proper explanation & diagram, Justify the statement ‘ ’. (b) The no load excitation of an alternator required to give rated voltage is 160 A. In a short circuit test with full current owing in the armature, the eld exci- tation was 135 A. Determine the approximate excitation that will be required to give full load current at 0.8 PF lagging at the rated terminal voltage. [8+8] 4. (a) Explain the ‘two bright one dark’ & ‘all dark’ method of synchronization of alternators. (b) The EMFs of two alternators are 3000 200 & 2900 00 V. Their synchronous impedances are 2 + j20 /ph & 2.5 + j30 /ph. The load impedance is 10 + j4 /ph. Find the circulating current. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain, why synchronous motor is not self starting? (b) A 3-F, 600 V, star connected SM has e ective per phase armature resistance & synchronous reactance of 0.4 & 3.6 respectively. Calculate the induced EMF per phase if the motor works on full load delivering 326 kW. The full load e ciency is 87 % having power factor of 0.8 leading. Also calculate the load angle. [6+10]
6. 6. www.studentyogi.com www.studentyogi.com Code No: R05310204 Set No. 3 (b) Explain the characteristics of synchronous induction motor. [8+8] 7. (a) Explain, 3 - F , why? (b) The name plate of single phase IM, 4 pole Induction motor gives the following data: Output = 410 W, Supply voltage = 230 V, Frequency = 50 Hz, Input current = 3.2 A, Power factor = 0.7, speed = 1410 RPM. Calculate: i. The e ciency of the motor ii. The slip of the motor when delivering rated output. [8+8] 8. (a) Compare AC series motor & Universal motor. (b) Compare variable reluctance stepper motor & permanent magnet stepper mo- tor. [8+8]