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Spanish American War


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Spanish American War

  1. 1. Spanish-American War and U.S. Imperialism <ul><li>10 th grade Social Studies </li></ul>
  2. 2. Learning Target: *Trace the development of the U.S. As a world power with emphasis on: A. the Spanish-American War B. U.S. Imperialism in the Far East, South Pacific, Caribbean and Central America
  3. 3. From Expansion to Imperialism <ul><li>Growing desire for new U.S. markets
  4. 4. Wanted to invest in and trade with foreign markets
  5. 5. Captain Alfred T. Mahan-the U.S. must sell in a foreign market-needed strong Navy to protect that market
  6. 6. A strong Navy would need colonies for overseas naval bases </li></ul>
  7. 7. Continued <ul><li>Many Americans wanted to spread ideas of Christianity and Democracy.
  8. 8. We had a moral obligation to spread Christianity.....White Man's Burden?!
  9. 9. According to Reverend Josiah Strong in 1885: “Americans were a special, God-favored Anglo-Saxon race who served as the representatives of the purest Christianity, the highest civilization. Americans have an instinct or genius for colonizing and should thus follow their imperial destiny to lift up other societies...” </li></ul>
  10. 10. The debate over Imperialism <ul><li>Many believed it was necessary for U.S. prosperity
  11. 11. Others were wary of Imperialism </li><ul><li>Did not want to compete with Europe in Africa and Asia
  12. 12. Trade should not lead to control
  13. 13. May weaken institutions at home
  14. 14. Invite war
  15. 15. Violate the American idea of “self-determination” </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Revolution in Cuba <ul><li>The Cuban people wanted independence from Spain
  17. 17. Identified the plight with American Revolution
  18. 18. Attraction of sugar plantations
  19. 19. Americans put a tariff on sugar-hurt Cuban economy (aka Spain) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Cuban Revolution <ul><li>A revolution was launched by Cubans in the U.S.
  21. 21. Many Cuban citizens were forced into horrible camps during the revolution
  22. 22. ¼ of the Cuban population died in the camps
  23. 23. America kept a close watch </li><ul><li>Investments
  24. 24. Conditions in camps sensationalized
  25. 25. Started to become angry with Spain </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. President William McKinley <ul><li>Elected president in 1896
  27. 27. Wanted to avoid war
  28. 28. Platform=claims to Hawaii and the Virgin Islands; Cuban Independence
  29. 29. Ordered the battleship “Maine” into Havana Harbor in Cuba to show concern and protect U.S. interests </li></ul>
  30. 30. Maine Disaster! <ul><li>The “Maine” was blown up in Havana Harbor, killing 260 Americans
  31. 31. In response to the tragedy, headlines in American papers called for revenge: “Remember the Maine”
  32. 32. There was never any evidence to prove who blew up the ship
  33. 33. Americans blamed Spain
  34. 34. (in 1976 it was found that a faulty boiler may have caused the explosion....oops) </li></ul>
  35. 35. Yellow Journalism <ul><li>Journalists pushed for military action
  36. 36. Sensational headlines and stories, with little attention to facts, designed to grab the attention and stir up the emotions of readers
  37. 37. Hearst and Pulitzer </li><ul><li>Many stories were fabricated </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. McKinley Calls for war... <ul><li>Political and Public pressure
  39. 39. War began in the Philippines-U.S. Defeated the Spanish with the help of Emilio Aguinaldo
  40. 40. Many African-Americans fought in Cuba
  41. 41. Rough Riders </li><ul><li>“ Teddy's Terrors”
  42. 42. Embodied the spirit of war
  43. 43. Stormed San Juan Hill </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. The “Splendid Little War” <ul><li>Besides yellow fever, and many soldiers dead from food poisoning... .
  45. 45. The treaty of Paris gave independence to Cuba, and gave the U.S. Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
  46. 46. U.S. developed the Platt Amendment for Cuba
  47. 47. America would also eventually control Hawaii and Samoa </li></ul>
  48. 48. Be a Yellow Journalist <ul><li>Using the ideas of “Imperialism,” create a piece of yellow journalism about an event in the U.S. past or present. It must include the following: </li><ul><li>A sensational headline
  49. 49. A “shocking” photograph or drawing
  50. 50. A one-two paragraph article about the event
  51. 51. The article should focus on the most shocking, sensational, or emotional aspects of the event. </li></ul></ul>