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An intervview with Cambodian monk


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My assignment at university under the subject comparative religion. I have interviewed monk at pagoda( wat ) in Battambang City of Cambodia.
Questions were set up in order to reveal how Buddhism educate people, the origination, essence and extinction.

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An intervview with Cambodian monk

  1. 1. Battambang Campus Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia
  2. 2. <ul><ul><ul><li>Second Year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st term </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer: Matthew Trew </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student:Boeurn Makara </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Topic: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Room: Kampong Thom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Code:00697 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Due date :Feb 4,2010 </li></ul></ul></ul>Comparative Religions
  3. 3. <ul><li>To snatch this chance I would express a great thanks to teacher Metta who assigned </li></ul><ul><li>me this well-essence topic. And would gratify to your best effort in organizing </li></ul><ul><li>many interesting slides in comparing all popular religions in the world for this term. </li></ul><ul><li>This achievement is considered a special contribution to me and my future life and </li></ul><ul><li>all classmates as well as Being an access to shape my life better in society . </li></ul><ul><li>Thank PUC where always commits himself to be an excellence catalyst for all students </li></ul><ul><li>here. I expect that in the up-coming future I’ll see Cambodia is advanced and replete </li></ul><ul><li>with real human resources and I would declare to maintain and practice Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>immortally so that all humans in the world live in peace and love forever. </li></ul><ul><li>Sincerely, </li></ul><ul><li>Makara Boeurn </li></ul>Acknowledgments
  4. 4. Survivals <ul><li>According to cultural anthropology, religion has five important points for humans. So in Buddhism the Survival means that the five perceptions is survived. </li></ul><ul><li>Five perceptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No killing - respect for lives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No stealing – respect for others’ property </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No sexual misconduct – respect for our pure nature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No lying – respect for honesty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No intoxicants – respect for a clear mind </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The real monk: </li></ul><ul><li>Monk means’’ someone who feeds his life based on foots ‘’ the real role of monk is </li></ul><ul><li>to study examine and understand about the real Dharma in purpose to educate and </li></ul><ul><li>purify his spirit to rescue all beings .And clean him self toward Nibbana. </li></ul><ul><li>The contemporary monk: </li></ul><ul><li>Teach laymen and laywomen the concepts of Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Practice Dharma stick to discipline and promote the virtues </li></ul><ul><li>Access to education ( university, high school, professional training) </li></ul><ul><li>Enable to build his new life </li></ul><ul><li>Access to employments after leaving from monkshood </li></ul><ul><li>Improve human resources and relief the hardship of society </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized by society </li></ul>The life of monks
  6. 6. Bibles or Manuscripts <ul><li>Bibles in Buddhism called,’’Preah Tray BeDok </li></ul><ul><li>“ these bibles are divided into three kinds: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Phi Thom Bedok: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Represent of Chet ( Heart ) Chetasek ( a kind of nature which is born and depleted with heart. Chetasek is like an agent that purify the heart or damages it ) Roub ( physiques ) and Nibbana </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Viney Bedok: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The bibles that regulate disciples for monks and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhists including the permissions and the duties what to practice for monks and priests. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So Ton Bedok: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stories and biographies of certain individuals also mentioned a lot about deities and Puk Kalia Ti Than ( Raising an individual to exemplify and study as an evidence or example) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>These bibles were compiled into 110 books which possess 84000 Chapters. These Were classified as in ranges: </li></ul><ul><li>A Phi Thom Bedok=42000 chapters </li></ul><ul><li>Viney Bedok = 21000 Chapters </li></ul><ul><li>So Ton Bedok =21000 Chapters </li></ul>
  8. 8. Killing Animals <ul><li>Sins will follow you in every lives. You can’t commit merits to compensate to your evil deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who killed animals is believed there will have a lot of diseases and short age ;as, when you kill animals it means that you defile one life. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Magic <ul><li>Celebrate various religious etiquettes are parts of Hinduism so there have no magic in Buddhism. For examples, pouring the water, inviting the soul entering human body, make a magic napkin to defend from dangers. Etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Accordingly, the magic of Buddhism doesn’t refer to any acts that harm another but his magic is virtue. Remarkably, the magic that Khmer believed mostly is used Bali words of Buddha, called reciting the Bali; however, this doesn’t mean Buddha is magic but because of the belief in power and enlightenment of Buddha as well as a gratitude to Buddha people use Bali to symbolize of purity and energy for laymen and laymen. </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer always commemorate of Buddha, Dharma and Singa when they encounter dangers. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Buddha and Religion <ul><li>Buddha enlightened about natural rules that all humans on the earth can practice .This rules is for universe . </li></ul><ul><li>The mentoring of Buddha was compiled to be courses for lives called Dharma and Dharma later on was generated to be a religion by his followers; however, we can’t clarify whether Buddhism is a religion or how but we still reluctant to say Buddhism is a religion. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>There are many different definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Propounded about religions as examples; </li></ul><ul><li>Religion is the belief in spiritual beings . </li></ul><ul><li>Religion is a set of beliefs and patterned behaviors concerned with supernatural being and forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion is a set of beliefs and practices pertaining to supernatural beings and forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion is all that is not natural, that which is regarded as extraordinary , not of the ordinary world, mysterious or unexplainable in ordinary terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion is an institution consisting of culturally populated superhuman beings. Etc. </li></ul>Definitions of Religion
  12. 12. <ul><li>Cohesive Function </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive Function </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Function </li></ul><ul><li>Disciplining Function </li></ul><ul><li>Revitalizing Function </li></ul><ul><li>Explanatory Function </li></ul><ul><li>Euphoric Function </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Function </li></ul>Universal Functions of Supernatural Belief System Psychological Functions Social Functions Ecological Function
  13. 13. His enlightenment <ul><li>He spent for four Asungkhay Kamray 100000 kab for his enlightenment. </li></ul><ul><li>One Asungkhay = Writing number one adds140 times of zeroes </li></ul><ul><li>One Kab = One time of the globe explosion </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li> This period he achieved 10 merits and the last of his incarnation was known Siddhartha Gautama in India. This final he used Vippasana meditation observing all suffers in body by examination in Sok Vetanea ( Happiness ) ,Tuk Vetanea ( suffering ) ,Saumanus Vetanea ( Harmony ) ,and Tumanus Vetanea ( Saddness ) which generate a reaction between hearts and bodies. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Three main results of his enlightenment <ul><li>He knows after dying where all living beings will be born </li></ul><ul><li>Know redundantly all reincarnations of all human beings </li></ul><ul><li>How to eliminate Aseiveak Kiles </li></ul><ul><li>“ Aseivek Kiles” are sorts of all bad causes which are roots of suffering. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Extinctions of Buddhism <ul><li>The extinction of Buddhism was predicted </li></ul><ul><li>that it stems from all his practitioners like </li></ul><ul><li>monks, nuns, laymen and laywomen. </li></ul><ul><li>Those will deny Buddhism because they </li></ul><ul><li>lack consideration which leads to the loose </li></ul><ul><li>of practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Weak belief and scanty acceptance ; this will be gradually decreased .Similarly, we can compare this fact to barn and rice. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>There had a prediction that in the future all people will not believe in Buddhism .By that time humans will kill each others and they’re non-rational. Afterwards they will use ladders to climb a short height plant called Troub Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Afterwards some will rush in to jungles because they can’t sustain their lives. Then they’ll abstain from killing until their lives extend to 80000 years old. Later there will have an activist called Preas Si Amatrey ( in Christian this might use the word Messiah) comes to bear from pregnant of a mother and he’ll leave out to be a monk and practice to become Preah Si Ametrey by then he’ll help educate and salvage all beings for 80000 years before he is died. </li></ul>
  18. 19.   Some Foreign authors:’' Buddhism makes Cambodia poor’’  misconception!! <ul><li>Buddha said :”All people need four benefactions to survive “ </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. clothing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. accommodations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. foods </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. medicine .Humans can’t live without them so all has to work to exchange with these but he told not to be greedy or ambitious. This doesn’t mean that Cambodians accept not to be rich like those foreigners’ conclusion. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>War ( In Long Vek time, a great Khmer frontier was set fire by the tricks of Thais  sacred documents and strategies in battleship as well as our wise men and the other precious stuffs were confiscated and recent plague was a long colony and the envy of exploiters , organizational regime……..) </li></ul><ul><li>Societal factors ( Government , drug trafficking, corruption, unemployment rate, health care………) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Great Stupa of a Rich Man in Battambang behind Wat Kandal Compund
  20. 21. Current beliefs of Young Generation of Cambodia to Buddhism <ul><li>The monk preached that some one who is Buddhist just in words but never learns profoundly about the philosophy of Buddha this is compared similarly to </li></ul><ul><ul><li> spoon in a dish but never knows what is the flavor of soup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Chicken that carries gold in its beak but doesn’t know it is precious. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Possess but not learn </li></ul><ul><li>Learn but not understand </li></ul><ul><li>Understood but not practice </li></ul><ul><li>Practiced but possibly make mistakes </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Belief will be weaken and those who follow </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism will deplete this religion from the </li></ul><ul><li>World. </li></ul>Dangers to Buddhism
  22. 23. Buddhism never teaches people weak !!! <ul><li>Today we start our Vipassana Meditation Retreat: mental training, or mental development. Why should we train our mind? Because we want to free it from all kinds of mental distortions such as greed, hatred, anger, stresses, strains, and despair. When our mind is free from all kinds of these mental distortions we can live blissfully and peacefully. That's why we have to train our mind, by means of Vipassana meditation or insight meditation. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha does not only teach slight Dharma for ordinary humans .His education is not an education for physical or wordy path but mainly focus on hearted path as human is heart and heart is human .Not the eternal for the eternal is the mixture of four elements are land, water ,fire and air but the most important is the internal spirit because all the causes of activities of humans derived from heart . </li></ul><ul><li>Four Protective Meditations </li></ul><ul><li>When you have done this you should develop the Four Protective Meditations for some minutes. These four are (1) recollection of the Buddha's attributes; (2) development of loving-kindness or metta towards all living beings; (3) reflection upon the loathsome nature of our body; (4) reflection on the nature of death. </li></ul>                                                                                             
  23. 24. <ul><li>According to the definition we can also call </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha is a religion because of people considered it as a religion; also, it </li></ul><ul><li>serves the functions of supernatural belief systems. </li></ul><ul><li>And the concepts of beliefs is shaped differently but the aim of </li></ul><ul><li>religions is to relief from suffering . That’s reason Christians, Islam, </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism…….. Usually has its followers up to millions. </li></ul><ul><li>This depends on their beliefs or conformism. </li></ul><ul><li>For example in Christianity, you are rescued if you believe </li></ul><ul><li>In God and practice what God commanded. So this is easy to </li></ul><ul><li>clean sins through your trust in God but who know God is existed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes I think religion is a government that stipulated law to control </li></ul><ul><li>people and universal harmony; nevertheless, the ideas of religions </li></ul><ul><li>precisely claim that to help people out. </li></ul>Conclusion
  24. 25. Never Forget, my best friends Love Everyone