Eating Disorders


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Eating Disorders

  1. 1. Eating Disorders
  2. 2. Body Image All Shapes and Sizes Laser
  3. 3. Body image facts… <ul><li>The models in magazines are airbrushed and computer altered </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 billion women who don’t look like supermodels and only eight who do. </li></ul><ul><li>Marilyn Monroe wore a size 14 </li></ul>
  4. 4. More… <ul><li>If Barbie was a real woman, she’d have to walk on all fours due to her proportions </li></ul><ul><li>A study found that three minutes spent looking at a fashion magazine caused 70% of women to feel depressed, guilty, and shameful. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Eating Disorders… <ul><li>Are a combination of physical and emotional symptoms that occur when people eat, or don’t eat, compulsively. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are: eating to forget troubles, fight boredom, or to punish others-or not eating to show will power. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Three main eating disorders… <ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>Bulimia </li></ul>
  7. 7. Anorexia Nervosa <ul><li>Means “without hunger” but actually most anorexics think about food all the time </li></ul><ul><li>Essentially self starvation </li></ul><ul><li>90% are female </li></ul><ul><li>Out of touch with reality about their body image </li></ul>
  8. 8. How it begins… <ul><li>Many times it starts as a diet during adolescence. </li></ul><ul><li>Compliments come her way and she keeps right on going. </li></ul><ul><li>May be related to a major life change(such as graduating, moving, divorce, puberty) </li></ul><ul><li>Dieting is a way she can maintain some control in her life. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Anorexics usually are… <ul><li>Good daughters </li></ul><ul><li>Good friends </li></ul><ul><li>Good students </li></ul><ul><li>Perfectionists </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>About 10% of anorexics die-usually due to damage to the heart or suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexics need professional help to fight this disorder. Most of the time the whole family needs to have counseling. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The following pictures are of young women with severe eating disorders. </li></ul>
  12. 20. Bulimia <ul><li>Bulimics gorge themselves and purge. They may vomit or use laxatives or do both. </li></ul><ul><li>Some bulimics can eat up to 15,000 calories in a single sitting. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people have symptoms of both bulimia and anorexia. </li></ul>
  13. 21. <ul><li>Most bulimics are female but there are many males who develop this problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Throwing up gets rid of more than food. It can interfere with the way the heart works and can bring on irregular heart rhythms, even heart failure and death. </li></ul><ul><li>It can also shrink the brain. </li></ul>
  14. 22. More problems… <ul><li>The constant vomiting can cause stomach acid to burn holes in the esophagus, darken and weaken teeth, swell salivary glands, and break blood vessels in the eyes. </li></ul>
  15. 23. Careers and activities where more eating disorders occur. <ul><li>Gymnastics </li></ul><ul><li>Cheerleading </li></ul><ul><li>Ice skating </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestling </li></ul><ul><li>Horse racing </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling/acting </li></ul>
  16. 24. Symptoms of Eating Disorders <ul><li>Excessive thinness </li></ul><ul><li>Obsession with foods, calories, nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Body extremities are cold and may have a blue hue-long hair appears on arms and legs </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency to wear loose fitting clothing to hide body shape </li></ul>
  17. 25. More symptoms… <ul><li>Always talking about or trying to diet </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic weight fluctuations </li></ul><ul><li>Locking themselves in the bathroom after meals and running water to cover the sound of purging </li></ul>
  18. 26. <ul><li>Watch the following clips about people with eating disorders. </li></ul>
  19. 27. Do You Have an Eating Disorder? Answer True or False <ul><li>1. Even though people tell me I’m thin I feel fat. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I get upset if I can’t exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I worry about what I eat. </li></ul><ul><li>4. If I gain weight, I get upset and depressed. </li></ul><ul><li>5. I feel guilty when I eat. </li></ul><ul><li>6. I would rather die than be fat. </li></ul><ul><li>7. I would rather eat by myself than with others. </li></ul>
  20. 28. <ul><li>8. I don’t talk about what I eat because no one understands. </li></ul><ul><li>9. I have a secret stash of food. </li></ul><ul><li>10. When I eat, I’m afraid I won’t be able to stop. </li></ul><ul><li>11. I lie about what I eat. </li></ul><ul><li>12. I get upset when people urge me to eat. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Sometimes I think my eating or exercising isn’t normal. </li></ul>
  21. 29. Number of true statements… <ul><li>2-3: You have a mild preoccupation with weight and appearance. Re-evaluate. Don’t lose control. </li></ul><ul><li>4-6: Reason for concern. Should check with your doctor and an eating disorder specialist. </li></ul><ul><li>7 or more: You are in danger. See your doctor and specialist right away. </li></ul>