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  1. 1. Portfolio based learning
  2. 2. What is a portfolio and what is portfolio-based learning? What is a portfolio? A portfolio is a collection of evidence that represents achievement and learning within a module/course or programme of study/education. What is portfolio-based learning? Portfolios require both the gathering and presentation of evidence and an element of critical reflection or commentary. This may either be integrated into elements of the portfolio, or be a separate element in its own right, in which the student "draws the evidence together into a coherent tale of learning, of sense made, of new ideas developed, tested and sometimes discarded" (Baume, 2001). Portfolio-based learning thus tends to draw heavily on experiential learning theory , particularly Kolb's (1984) concept of the 'learning cycle'. This recognizes that experience by itself is just a starting point. Learning only takes place if students reflect on that experience, conceptualize new 'rules' for action based on their experience and reflection, and then test those rules in another concrete situation. (also Vygotsky`s zone of proximal development
  3. 3. Portfolio based learning Self evaluation/assessment Justification of selections Working through the year Presentation and assessment <ul><li>Assessment “box” </li></ul><ul><li>Content: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of the students most </li></ul><ul><li>central or important work during a period </li></ul><ul><li>Working “box” </li></ul><ul><li>Content: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning goals </li></ul><ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Papers you have read </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Log </li></ul><ul><li>Individual works </li></ul><ul><li>Formal training </li></ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul><ul><li>Use of the assessment “box”: </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation for further learning </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Next step – new class or for internship in companies </li></ul>Selection (by student and teacher) Fritt etter O. Dysthe 2005
  4. 4. Portfolio based learning <ul><li>Experiential learning </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>To ways to encourage reflection are: </li></ul><ul><li>Debriefing (talk about experiences) </li></ul><ul><li>Writing log/diary </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is learning portfolio? <ul><li>A portfolio can contain almost everything: </li></ul><ul><li>Log diary </li></ul><ul><li>Case descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul><ul><li>Papers you have read </li></ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul>
  6. 6. Portfolio based learning <ul><li>Is a process that the learner undertakes </li></ul><ul><li>The portfolio allows the learning to be centred on the individual’s learning needs </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage self directed learning </li></ul><ul><li>Empowers the learner </li></ul>
  7. 7. The mentor’s/teachers roll <ul><li>Facilitates the learning process by offering the learner a combination of support and challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Helps the learner to develop his/her own learning needs </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the learner to develop their own learning strategies and to discover their own solutions to problems </li></ul><ul><li>Help the learner reflect critically on the experience and explore different perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Offer the learner unconditional positive regard </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why choose portfolio based learning? <ul><li>Enables to focus on experience both “home” and school </li></ul><ul><li>It allows the learner to tailor their own learning needs and learning style </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a learner centred approach </li></ul><ul><li>The learner is encouraged to celebrate strengths </li></ul><ul><li>The learner identifies his own agenda </li></ul>
  9. 9. Stages in portfolio based learning: (usually with help of a mentor/teacher) <ul><li>Define the educational period the portfolio reflects </li></ul><ul><li>Identify your learning needs </li></ul><ul><li>Identify how you are going to meet these needs </li></ul><ul><li>Identify how you are going to assess whether you have met those needs, what outcomes are you going to look for? </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on your portfolio and plan for the next educational period </li></ul>