Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. Crisis
  2. 2. What is a Crisis? <ul><li>Define:experiences or events causing people to make major changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>divorce,death,homeless etc. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Stressors <ul><li>Life events that cause people to make major changes in their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually happens when a family experiences so much stress that members are unable to carry out regular functions </li></ul><ul><li>Stress is caused by life events that change or have the potential to produce change in the family. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Whether Stressors lead to a Crisis depends on…. <ul><li>The event itself </li></ul><ul><li>Number of stress events going on at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>How the family identifies and interprets the event </li></ul><ul><li>Resources available to manage the event </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics of Crises-Producing Events <ul><li>Devastating events that cause a great loss. Ex. Tornado, death </li></ul><ul><li>Very stressful events that widely impact members. Events that affect several or all family members is more likely to cause a crisis. EX. Moving </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden, important events-no time to prepare, unexpected, often feel out of control. EX. Car accident </li></ul><ul><li>4. Events requiring major adjustments. EX. Divorce </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is the Pile-UP effect??? <ul><li>Crises can occur when several changes occur at the same time, or after each other. Each event separately might be too small to cause a crisis alone. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pile-Up Activity
  8. 8. How Does Crises Affect the Family? <ul><li>A. Balanced (functional) v.s. Unbalanced (dysfunctional) </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals are unable to carry out their roles </li></ul><ul><li>Every member of the family affects the other members </li></ul><ul><li>Suddenly the family is not functioning smoothly as a unit . </li></ul>
  9. 9. FAMILY NEEDS <ul><li>1. TIME </li></ul><ul><li>2. RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><li>3. SUPPORT AS IT WORKS TO ADJUSTTO THE CHANGES AND RESTORES BALANCE </li></ul>
  10. 10. GRIEVING PROCESS <ul><li>DENIAL </li></ul><ul><li>ANGER </li></ul><ul><li>GUILT </li></ul><ul><li>BLAME </li></ul><ul><li>DEPRESSION </li></ul><ul><li>ACCEPTANCE </li></ul>
  11. 11. When Families Don’t Adjust <ul><li>Behavior patterns may develop. </li></ul><ul><li>guilt, anger, blame continues, </li></ul><ul><li>May stop eating, withdraw from others, act out, drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Work may be affected, parents may neglect children, abuse, malnourished </li></ul><ul><li>May hinder growth and development of members-- possible long term results </li></ul>
  12. 12. How Can We Prevent a Crisis? <ul><li>1. Identify Sources of Stress in the family! </li></ul><ul><li>2. Use outside resources to help handle the stress and effects. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Foster good interaction skills with family so they will cooperate in times of stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Attitudes-family deals with stress. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sources of Stress <ul><li>Internal-- </li></ul><ul><li>External-- </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have any control over the stress? </li></ul>
  14. 15. How Can We Manage Stress? <ul><li>1. Reduce the amount of stress- change schedules etc. small changes can reduce stress </li></ul><ul><li>2. Remove Sources of stress- move, leave the source </li></ul><ul><li>3. Remove family member from source- </li></ul><ul><li>4. Break stressors into smaller parts. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Reduce Effects of Stress <ul><li>Change responses to stressful events. Ex. Humor, good nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside time to communicate. Ex. Find quiet place to talk, dinner out or phone off at home for a time period. </li></ul><ul><li>Take part in a family activity. Recreation together can reduce stress--open communication. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Developing Family Resources <ul><li>Financial Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Good Communication Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Decision-Making Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Family Support </li></ul><ul><li>Community Support Groups </li></ul>
  17. 18. Coping with Crisis
  18. 19. Understand the Situation <ul><li>Ask what changes have taken place </li></ul><ul><li>Identify how the family is affected. </li></ul><ul><li>Use Good communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Seek professionals who can provide information </li></ul>
  19. 20. Seek solutions to the Problem <ul><li>Ask what can be done to handle the changes </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a tolerant attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t blame others for the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid using drugs/alcohol for coping </li></ul><ul><li>Be open and flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Seek solutions that benefit all involved </li></ul><ul><li>Identify available resources in the family and community </li></ul>
  20. 21. Strengthen the Family Unit <ul><li>Set aside quiet uninterrupted times to talk. </li></ul><ul><li>Share thoughts and feelings openly. </li></ul><ul><li>Accept each other’s thoughts and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Take time for family leisure activities. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Emphasize Personal Growth for Individual Family Members <ul><li>Encourage pursuing individual interests. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep involved with friends and community. </li></ul><ul><li>Set goals for the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Make plans to reach personal and family goals. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Community Resources <ul><li>Where Can You Find Community Resources? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone Book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School-(counselors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul>