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Crisis

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Crisis

  1. 1. Crisis
  2. 2. What is a Crisis? <ul><li>Define:experiences or events causing people to make major changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>divorce,death,homeless etc. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Stressors <ul><li>Life events that cause people to make major changes in their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually happens when a family experiences so much stress that members are unable to carry out regular functions </li></ul><ul><li>Stress is caused by life events that change or have the potential to produce change in the family. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Whether Stressors lead to a Crisis depends on…. <ul><li>The event itself </li></ul><ul><li>Number of stress events going on at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>How the family identifies and interprets the event </li></ul><ul><li>Resources available to manage the event </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics of Crises-Producing Events <ul><li>Devastating events that cause a great loss. Ex. Tornado, death </li></ul><ul><li>Very stressful events that widely impact members. Events that affect several or all family members is more likely to cause a crisis. EX. Moving </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden, important events-no time to prepare, unexpected, often feel out of control. EX. Car accident </li></ul><ul><li>4. Events requiring major adjustments. EX. Divorce </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is the Pile-UP effect??? <ul><li>Crises can occur when several changes occur at the same time, or after each other. Each event separately might be too small to cause a crisis alone. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pile-Up Activity
  8. 8. How Does Crises Affect the Family? <ul><li>A. Balanced (functional) v.s. Unbalanced (dysfunctional) </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals are unable to carry out their roles </li></ul><ul><li>Every member of the family affects the other members </li></ul><ul><li>Suddenly the family is not functioning smoothly as a unit . </li></ul>
  9. 9. FAMILY NEEDS <ul><li>1. TIME </li></ul><ul><li>2. RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><li>3. SUPPORT AS IT WORKS TO ADJUSTTO THE CHANGES AND RESTORES BALANCE </li></ul>
  10. 10. GRIEVING PROCESS <ul><li>DENIAL </li></ul><ul><li>ANGER </li></ul><ul><li>GUILT </li></ul><ul><li>BLAME </li></ul><ul><li>DEPRESSION </li></ul><ul><li>ACCEPTANCE </li></ul>
  11. 11. When Families Don’t Adjust <ul><li>Behavior patterns may develop. </li></ul><ul><li>guilt, anger, blame continues, </li></ul><ul><li>May stop eating, withdraw from others, act out, drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Work may be affected, parents may neglect children, abuse, malnourished </li></ul><ul><li>May hinder growth and development of members-- possible long term results </li></ul>
  12. 12. How Can We Prevent a Crisis? <ul><li>1. Identify Sources of Stress in the family! </li></ul><ul><li>2. Use outside resources to help handle the stress and effects. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Foster good interaction skills with family so they will cooperate in times of stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Attitudes-family deals with stress. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sources of Stress <ul><li>Internal-- </li></ul><ul><li>External-- </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have any control over the stress? </li></ul>
  14. 15. How Can We Manage Stress? <ul><li>1. Reduce the amount of stress- change schedules etc. small changes can reduce stress </li></ul><ul><li>2. Remove Sources of stress- move, leave the source </li></ul><ul><li>3. Remove family member from source- </li></ul><ul><li>4. Break stressors into smaller parts. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Reduce Effects of Stress <ul><li>Change responses to stressful events. Ex. Humor, good nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside time to communicate. Ex. Find quiet place to talk, dinner out or phone off at home for a time period. </li></ul><ul><li>Take part in a family activity. Recreation together can reduce stress--open communication. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Developing Family Resources <ul><li>Financial Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Good Communication Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Decision-Making Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Family Support </li></ul><ul><li>Community Support Groups </li></ul>
  17. 18. Coping with Crisis
  18. 19. Understand the Situation <ul><li>Ask what changes have taken place </li></ul><ul><li>Identify how the family is affected. </li></ul><ul><li>Use Good communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Seek professionals who can provide information </li></ul>
  19. 20. Seek solutions to the Problem <ul><li>Ask what can be done to handle the changes </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a tolerant attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t blame others for the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid using drugs/alcohol for coping </li></ul><ul><li>Be open and flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Seek solutions that benefit all involved </li></ul><ul><li>Identify available resources in the family and community </li></ul>
  20. 21. Strengthen the Family Unit <ul><li>Set aside quiet uninterrupted times to talk. </li></ul><ul><li>Share thoughts and feelings openly. </li></ul><ul><li>Accept each other’s thoughts and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Take time for family leisure activities. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Emphasize Personal Growth for Individual Family Members <ul><li>Encourage pursuing individual interests. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep involved with friends and community. </li></ul><ul><li>Set goals for the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Make plans to reach personal and family goals. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Community Resources <ul><li>Where Can You Find Community Resources? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone Book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School-(counselors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul>

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