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NCDS Multicultural Night Irish Potato History

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This is a brief slideshow by Anne Murphy for Newton Country Day School about the "Irish" potato and its global travels as a worldwide staple.

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NCDS Multicultural Night Irish Potato History

  1. 1. Culinary Staple Source of Survival Gift from Latin America Global Good The Irish Potato
  2. 2. Forget Atkins. A Carb to Love <ul><li>Low in fat </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in vitamin C </li></ul><ul><li>Source of iron, vitamins B1, B3 and B6; potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and contains folate, pantothenic acid and riboflavin </li></ul><ul><li>Contains dietary antioxidants </li></ul>
  3. 3. Irish Cuisine: Hundreds of Potato recipes
  4. 4. National Crop of the Irish: A Brief History <ul><li>Early adopters of the Potato in the 17th Century </li></ul><ul><li>All-in-One Nutrition Fuels a Population Boom in the 18th Century </li></ul><ul><li>An Gorta Mor (The Great Hunger): Crop Failure causes starvation and migration in the 19th Century </li></ul><ul><li>World’s leading Potato eaters throughout the 19th and 20th centuries </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Irish may claim it as their own but the potato came NOT from… <ul><li>Killarney </li></ul>
  6. 6. But From the Andes
  7. 7. And the Indigenous People of Peru
  8. 8. A Global Odyssey <ul><li>How the “Pratie” Went Round the World in Five Centuries </li></ul>From Latin America in the 16th century…
  9. 9. To the Vatican Gardens in Rome <ul><li>Clusius, the Pope’s Dutch botanist began cultivating the South American tuber by the late 1500’s </li></ul>
  10. 10. To Northern Europe in the 17th century… <ul><li>The Potato Eaters by Vincent Van Gogh </li></ul>
  11. 11. From Europe to North America in the 18th Century…
  12. 12. To Africa and Asia in the 20th Century
  13. 13. Potato: the Other Peruvian Gold <ul><li>Cultivated 7,000 to 12,000 years ago by the Incas near Lake Titicaca </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish called the tuber “patata,” derived from the Quechua word “papa” and the Indian word “batata” </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish conquistadors in search of gold discovered Peruvian potato in 1532 </li></ul>Potato God
  14. 14. The Spaniards bring Potatoes from the mountains of Peru to the mountains of Spain <ul><li>Basque farmers began to grow them in the 16th/17th centuries </li></ul>
  15. 15. Political and Economic Conditions Force the Cultivation of the Potato in Ireland <ul><li>17th Century Colonization and English Land Grab reduce acreage for native Irish </li></ul><ul><li>Disenfranchised farmers become tenants </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers need to wring more from less </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritious potato a high-yield, low-labor crop </li></ul><ul><li>An acre of land can produce enough to feed a family of six plus livestock for a year </li></ul><ul><li>English military campaigns against France create export market for Irish potato </li></ul><ul><li>Population explosion results in Ireland </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Blight 1845 to 1850 An Gorta Mor The Great Hunger <ul><li>Unresolved land and rent disputes </li></ul><ul><li>Overdependence on single crop </li></ul><ul><li>Two consecutive years of crop failure </li></ul><ul><li>Devastating English economic policies </li></ul>Causes
  17. 17. Impact of the Great Famine <ul><li>Massive Starvation and Emigration </li></ul><ul><li>Depopulation and Diaspora: Half the population leaves or dies </li></ul><ul><li>More than One Million Dead </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of Irish as urban minority group in America </li></ul><ul><li>Labor for American factories/soldiers for Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion in Ireland </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Potato in America <ul><li>Scotch Irish farmers first planted them in New Hampshire in the early 1700’s </li></ul><ul><li>Wave of Irish immigrants increased market and demand for potatoes in U.S. in 19th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Westward expansion and potato cultivation in Idaho follows </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of American French Fries in 20th Century </li></ul><ul><li>USDA: potato most important crop in the U.S. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Globalization of the Spud Now a Rival to Rice
  20. 20. Globalization Trends <ul><li>For centuries potato production and consumption dominated by Europe, North America and former Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Asia, Africa and Latin America have quintupled output and consumption in the last 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005, for the first time, the developing world's potato production exceeded that of the developed world </li></ul><ul><li>China is now the biggest potato producer </li></ul><ul><li>Almost a third of all potatoes harvested in China and India </li></ul>
  21. 21. A Food to Feed the World in the 21st Century <ul><li>The United Nations promotes the potato as a sustainable solution to global hunger </li></ul><ul><li>The crop that once fed the Incas and the Irish now nourishes the world </li></ul>
  22. 22. Chan fhiach cuirm gun a c om h radh A feast is no use without good talk <ul><li>¡Buen Apetito! </li></ul>

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