Alice Cary (1820-1871) By Meredith Cohen DeSales University American Romantic Literature
Background information <ul><li>Born 1820 on a farm in Hamilton County, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>One of 9 children </li></ul>...
Early Career <ul><li>First major poem, “The Child of Sorrow,” was published in 1838 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Praised by influ...
Early Career, continued <ul><li>Phoebe moved in with her sister in 1851 and they both became regular contributors to  Harp...
Publications <ul><li>Cary thought of herself primarily as a poet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is where she achieved much of ...
Cary’s Literary Style <ul><li>Cary’s interest lies not in plot, but in character </li></ul><ul><li>She gives an experience...
Comparisons and Connections to Other Writers <ul><li>Judith Fetterley, editor, critic, and romantic literature authority, ...
Poe and Hawthorne <ul><li>Cary can be compared in her: </li></ul><ul><li>Use of fiction as dream work and projection </li>...
19 th  Century Women Writers <ul><li>Use of realism </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to telling the woman’s side of the story ...
Emily Dickinson <ul><li>Uses her imagination to bring her presence into the center of her work </li></ul><ul><li>“ Use of ...
Selected List of Published Works <ul><li>Clovernook, or, Recollections of Our Neighborhood in the West  (1852) </li></ul><...
Famous Cary Quotes: <ul><li>“ Yea, when mortality dissolves,   Shall I not meet thine hour unawed?  My house eternal in th...
Works Consulted <ul><li>&quot;Alice Cary.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 17 Apr 2008, 22:12 UTC. Wikimedia Founda...
Works Cited <ul><li>Fetterley, Judith.  “Alice Cary.”  The Heath Anthology of American Literature .  5th ed.  Ed. Paul Lau...
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Alice Cary Presentation

  1. 1. Alice Cary (1820-1871) By Meredith Cohen DeSales University American Romantic Literature
  2. 2. Background information <ul><li>Born 1820 on a farm in Hamilton County, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>One of 9 children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to older sister Rhonda, who encouraged her first attempts at poetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very close to younger sister, Phoebe, her lifelong companion and fellow writer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The village, surrounding farms, and houses of her youth became the Clovernook memorialized in her short fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Both sisters were given little formal education and are considered self-made writers </li></ul><ul><li>Raised in a Universalist household </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberal beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Died in 1871 at her home due to exhaustion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Career <ul><li>First major poem, “The Child of Sorrow,” was published in 1838 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Praised by influential critics, such as Edgar Allen Poe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poe declared her “Pictures of Memory” to be “decidedly the noblest poem in the collection” </li></ul><ul><li>1850 the sisters’ joint works were issued as Poems of Alice and Phoebe Cary </li></ul><ul><li>This gave her a national reputation and encouraged her to move independently to New York City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example of 19th century new woman: financially independent of men, ran her own household, handled own money </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Early Career, continued <ul><li>Phoebe moved in with her sister in 1851 and they both became regular contributors to Harper ’s, The Atlantic Monthly , and other periodicals </li></ul><ul><li>Their house was famous for its Sunday evening receptions in which notable friends discussed women’s rights issues. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Publications <ul><li>Cary thought of herself primarily as a poet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is where she achieved much of her popularity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Her short fiction was critically acclaimed, but because the genre was not popular at the time, she was better known for her poetry. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The style of Cary’s short fiction was influential and innovative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During lifetime she published: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 volumes of poetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two collections of poetry and prose for children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three novels </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Cary’s Literary Style <ul><li>Cary’s interest lies not in plot, but in character </li></ul><ul><li>She gives an experience of human life as primarily a mystery </li></ul><ul><li>Actions are rarely completed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cary seems to have a resistance to closure and often gives incomplete sketches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Her fiction offers a harsh antidote to child-centered works so popular with other 19th century American writers” (Fetterley) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Comparisons and Connections to Other Writers <ul><li>Judith Fetterley, editor, critic, and romantic literature authority, compares Cary with a number of different writers in a number of different contexts. </li></ul><ul><li>Fetterley’s comparisons and connections show the influence and importance Cary had in early Romantic American literature of the period. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Poe and Hawthorne <ul><li>Cary can be compared in her: </li></ul><ul><li>Use of fiction as dream work and projection </li></ul><ul><li>Use of the first-person narrator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>complexities of that narrator’s relation to the story and characters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-Judith Fetterley </li></ul>
  9. 9. 19 th Century Women Writers <ul><li>Use of realism </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to telling the woman’s side of the story </li></ul><ul><li> -Judith Fetterley </li></ul>
  10. 10. Emily Dickinson <ul><li>Uses her imagination to bring her presence into the center of her work </li></ul><ul><li>“ Use of sustained development of first-person narration” (Fetterley) </li></ul><ul><li> -Judith Fetterley </li></ul>
  11. 11. Selected List of Published Works <ul><li>Clovernook, or, Recollections of Our Neighborhood in the West (1852) </li></ul><ul><li>Hagar: A Story for Today (1852) </li></ul><ul><li>Clovernook, Second Series Uncle Christopher’s (1853) </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures of Country Life (1859) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Famous Cary Quotes: <ul><li>“ Yea, when mortality dissolves,  Shall I not meet thine hour unawed? My house eternal in the heavens  Is lighted by the smile of God!” ( Reconciled) </li></ul><ul><li>“ True worth is in being, not seeming” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Women and men in the crowd meet and mingle, Yet with itself every soul standeth single” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Works Consulted <ul><li>&quot;Alice Cary.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 17 Apr 2008, 22:12 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Jul 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alice_Cary&oldid=206349372>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Cary sisters.&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 15 Jul. 2008 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1345789/Cary-sisters>. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Works Cited <ul><li>Fetterley, Judith. “Alice Cary.” The Heath Anthology of American Literature . 5th ed. Ed. Paul Lauter. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Fetterley, Judith. “Alice Cary.” 15 July 2008. <http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/bassr/heath/syllabuild/iguide/cary.html> </li></ul>

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