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Case Studies Power Point

  1. 1. Case Studies What is a Case Study?
  2. 2. <ul><li>A case study is an in-depth investigation of an individual subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies can be done on any subject or topic </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Because this unit is about Latin America and specifically the environment of Latin America, each of you are going to do a case study on an environmental issue in the Amazon Rain Forest (The largest Rain Forest on the planet) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>BUT WAIT!!! We don’t know how to do a case study!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>That is perfectly ok, because I am about to show you an example of one… </li></ul>
  6. 6. Coffee Production and Deforestation in the Amazon PROBLEM: Thousands of acres of Amazon Rain Forest are being burned in order to grow coffee trees
  7. 7. <ul><li>Once you’ve stated the problem/issue you can begin to research the issue </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some websites I used to research my topic on Coffee in the Amazon. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rainforest Alliance =coffee Take 3-5 minutes to access this website and scan some of the information
  9. 9. Rainforest Alliance Key Points <ul><li>Coffee is farmed on about (30 million acres) worldwide (The size of England) </li></ul><ul><li>Only 1.3% of that coffee produced is RA certified </li></ul><ul><li>For 150 years, coffee was farmed under the canopy of the rain forest on natural trees, </li></ul><ul><li>Now is grown on under-the-sun plants in monocultural farms. </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation is rampant </li></ul>
  10. 10. Take 3-5 minutes to access this website and scan some of the information
  11. 11. Key Points from <ul><li>Technified coffee is vastly produced </li></ul><ul><li>Natural coffee tastes better and is better for the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee can be grown without disturbing any of the rain forest vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>Bird migration routes are being altered by the deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>More chemicals are required for sun trees </li></ul>
  12. 12. Iracambi Take 3-5 minutes to access this website and scan some of the information
  13. 13. Key Points on Iracambi <ul><li>Within the first century of coffee cultivation, some 7,200 km2 of primary forest were cleared for coffee cultivation (Dean 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>Crop-rotation could help with the forest devastation </li></ul><ul><li>New forests are being planted in plains to recover what has been lost </li></ul>
  14. 14. World Wildlife Fund Take 3-5 minutes to access this website and scan some of the information
  15. 15. Key Points from the WWF <ul><li>Of the 50 countries in the world with the highest deforestation rates from 1990 to 1995, 37 were coffee producers </li></ul><ul><li>Full-sun coffee plantations support 90% fewer bird species than shade-grown coffee. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Key Point #1 <ul><li>Vast amounts of rain forest (and the shade coffee trees in them) are being cut down in order for sun coffee trees to be grown and harvested more quickly </li></ul>
  17. 17. Key Point #2 <ul><li>By cutting down the shade coffee trees, the primary rain forest must be cut down as well and this primary forest cannot recover back to it’s original state for years and years </li></ul>
  18. 18. Key Point #3 <ul><li>The life of sun coffee trees is significantly shorter making shade trees the more healthy solution even though not the quickest method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More animal and plant life exists in and around the shade trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shade coffee trees live longer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large amounts of pesticides and herbicides are required to help sun coffee trees survive and these end up in the waterways </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Conclusion <ul><li>Deforestation and its side effects are a direct result that cannot be avoided during the cultivation of the sun coffee trees </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife/Nature agencies are finally beginning to act in an effort to protect vital rain forest land </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of conservation are being, and should be explored in order to protect some of the most diverse, and vital plant and animal life on the planet </li></ul>
  20. 20. Amazon Interactive Coffee or Conservation???