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principled eclecticism in today's classrooms Denis Girard forum article

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  1. 1. The ECLECTIC Way A presentation prepared by Mrs Farida Ben Abdallah CENAFFE, March, 2009
  2. 2. introduction <ul><li>eclecticism </li></ul>Flexibility adaptability Allowing the teacher to select among the variety of apaproaches, methods, techniques those elements best fitted to the needs of a given class at a given time
  3. 3. What is the ECLECTIC WAY? <ul><li>it’s not a method </li></ul><ul><li>It defines an attitude on the part of the language teacher </li></ul><ul><li>It’s an answer to the present-day situation in most schools </li></ul>
  4. 4. The situation in most schools <ul><li>Mixed – ability classes </li></ul><ul><li>Every learner has his own attitude towards the foreign language </li></ul><ul><li>Every learner needs a certain type of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Every learner has his own way of learning, forgetting, unlearning… </li></ul>
  5. 5. SO, <ul><li>the didactician </li></ul><ul><li>the methodologist </li></ul><ul><li>the textbook writer </li></ul>Can’t decide which teaching technique the teacher must use at every step. Iy’s It’s up to the teacher : according to his learners’ various needs and attitudes
  6. 6. Necessity of raining teachers for the eclectic way <ul><li>only well-trained teachers can become eclectic </li></ul><ul><li>a teacher with no training or </li></ul><ul><li>a teacher who is given teaching recipes = teachers with no theoretical thinking about the advantages and drawbacks of any approach so…. </li></ul>They follow their textbooks slavishly
  7. 7. What kind of training? <ul><li>starting from an analysis of pupils’ needs and available resources to define specific and general learning objectives </li></ul><ul><li>selecting the appropriate materials and teaching devices </li></ul><ul><li>NB: periodic assessment must be an integrated feature of the teaching process, allowing constant reappraisal and alterations; </li></ul>
  8. 8. Quotations (1) <ul><li>I - « The complex circumstances of teaching and learning languages __ with different kinds of pupils, teachers, aims and objectives, approaches, methods and materials, classroom techniques, and standards of achievement __ make it inconceivable that any single method could achieve optimum success in all circumstances. » Peter Strevens, 1977. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Quotations (2) <ul><li>II - « We need to offer a variety in teaching which will give equal opportunities to people with different styles. » Alan Maley (1983) </li></ul><ul><li>III - « je me reconnais dans une didactique ouverte, eclectique. » = « I am in favor of an open ,eclectic way of teaching . » Robert Galisson (1983) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quotations (3) <ul><li>IV - « Rather than fish in one linguistic stream, we should cast our pedagogical net in all waters that might bring us in a profitable catch . » (Girard, 1972) </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Father of The Eclectic Way <ul><li>Harold Palmer, 1922, defines his « Complete Method », « The ‘ Complete Method ’ is not a compromise between two antagonistic schools ; it boldly incorporates what is valuable in any system or method of teching and refuses to recognise any conflict , except the conflict between the good and the inherently bad . The ‘ Complete method ’ will embody every type of teaching except bad teaching, and every process of learning except defective learning. » </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reference <ul><li>The material in this presentation is based on an article by Denis Girard , Inspector General of English, Ministry of National Education,Paris, </li></ul><ul><li>English Teaching Forum p 11,12,13,14 , July, 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>