\\Hera\Raj0004\Desktop\Daphne Du Maurier’S Rebecca


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\\Hera\Raj0004\Desktop\Daphne Du Maurier’S Rebecca

  1. 1. Daphne Du Maurier’s R ebecca & T he G othic G enre Year 9 English 2009
  2. 2. G othic Brainstorm any words, ideas, images this word conjures up for you…
  3. 3. M eeting M axim de W inter <ul><li>“ He belonged to a walled city of the fifteenth century, a city of narrow, </li></ul><ul><li>cobbled streets, and thin spires, where the inhabitants wore pointed </li></ul><ul><li>shoes and worsted hose. His face was arresting, sensitive, medieval in </li></ul><ul><li>some strange inexplicable way, and I was reminded of a portrait seen in </li></ul><ul><li>a gallery, I had forgotten where, of a certain Gentleman Unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>Could one but rob him of his English tweeds, and put him in black, </li></ul><ul><li>with lace at his throat and wrists, he would stare down at us in our </li></ul><ul><li>new world from a long-distant past – a past where men walked cloaked </li></ul><ul><li>at night, and stood in the shadow of old doorways, a past of narrow </li></ul><ul><li>stairways and dim dungeons, a past of whispers in the dark, of </li></ul><ul><li>shimmering rapier blades, of silent, exquisite courtesy.” </li></ul><ul><li> Rebecca page 15 </li></ul>
  4. 5. G othic A rchitecture <ul><li>A medieval style, influenced by Islamic architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Can be seen in cathedrals, churches, abbeys & castles, mainly in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic features include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pointed arches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tall spires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expansive windows </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. M ore…
  6. 7. M anderley
  7. 8. G othic in P op C ulture <ul><li>Dracula </li></ul><ul><li>Interview with a Vampire </li></ul><ul><li>Twilight </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Potter series </li></ul><ul><li>Lemony Snicket </li></ul><ul><li>Tim Burton’s Corpse Bride, Edward Scissorhands </li></ul><ul><li>Charmed </li></ul><ul><li>Sweeney Todd </li></ul><ul><li>Buffy the Vampire Slayer </li></ul>
  8. 9. B uffy the V ampire S layer <ul><ul><li>Into each generation a Slayer is born, one girl in all the world, a chosen one, one born with the strength and skill to hunt the vampires and to stop the spread of their evil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffy deliberately set out to subvert the clichés of horror flicks, especially the notion of a beautiful but intellectually challenged blonde who is the helpless victim. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a result Buffy is an incredibly complex, powerful, yet feminine, heroine </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. B uffy the V ampire S layer <ul><ul><li>Opening credits include the following Gothic images: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full moon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cross </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vampire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black cat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spiders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient books </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cauldrons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corpses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. H arry P otter <ul><li>Watch Scene 11 “Welcome to Hogwarts” </li></ul><ul><li>Can you identify any gothic images or themes here? </li></ul>
  11. 12. I s H arry P otter G othic? <ul><li>Elizabeth Murray argues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Not only does Harry Potter deserve study as a children’s book or fantasy, but also as a part of the long and successful history of the Gothic novel.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some Gothic characteristics of the Harry Potter series include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmosphere & setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to the past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supernatural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heroes, heroines & villains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mystery </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. A tmosphere & S etting <ul><ul><li>Examples of Gothic settings in Harry Potter include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hogwarts “where a staircase could suddenly move or you could find yourself in a mysterious and dangerous room” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Forbidden Forest “dark and dangerous; all kinds of strange creatures live there” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grimmauld Place “gloomy, dirty, and not welcoming or comfortable, especially with Sirius’s mother screaming all the time and Kreacher lurking around the house” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Riddle House, the graveyard, the labyrinth from the Triwizard Tournament </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The feeling of menace and darkness common to Gothic novels. These spaces are dark and creepy in part because they have an element of the unknown; one never knows what could happen.” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. T he P ast <ul><ul><li>“ The entire Harry Potter series hinges on events that occurred in the past. Each book deals with the past and the ways that the past shows up in the present to make Harry’s life even more difficult and complicated.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The books focus on the past and how this haunts Harry in many ways, particularly through: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Losing his family </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>His own survival against Voldemort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The pensieve – a tool used to access memories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Portraits of dead headmasters & ghosts roaming the castle inform us about past (e.g. Moaning Myrtle) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. T he S upernatural <ul><ul><li>“ Ghosts, haunted castles, and seemingly magical events abound in Gothic tales.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The supernatural occurrences in the Gothic novel can be divided into two types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ the supernatural explained” events are rationally explained as not supernatural at the end of the novel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ the supernatural accepted” events appear to be actually supernatural </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The supernatural events in Harry Potter books fall into the second category of “the supernatural accepted.” As with fairy tales, the readers do not question the supernatural events in the books and accept magic as a valid explanation for what occurs. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. H eroes & V illains <ul><ul><li>Gothic novels usually have a hero or heroine, but do not always have a clear-cut villain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequently, the heroes and heroines do not choose to become heroes or heroines. Instead, their circumstances force them to act in brave or heroic ways that they would normally avoid. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harry Potter is a reluctant hero: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>he never chooses it; he hates the fame and attention; his circumstances force him into action; he does not go out looking for mysteries to solve or villains to defeat. Instead, those things seem to come to him. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Villains such as Voldemort and the Death Eaters can represent different fears to different people. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. M ystery <ul><ul><li>Gothic novels usually have some sort of mystery that must be solved by the hero or heroine. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The villain may have a secret about their past that must be uncovered before they can be defeated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With Harry Potter, the trio usually ends up solving a mystery that relates to Voldemort. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. W hy read G othic? <ul><ul><li>Gothic novels have made the transition from novels of pure entertainment to classics in part because they tell us about the time in which they were created. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frankenstein came out of a time when technology and science were opening up new and often frightening possibilities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic novels still have the ability to scare us and at the same time reveal something about the fears of the society that created them. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. G othic F iction <ul><li>Also referred to as Gothic horror </li></ul><ul><li>Genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance </li></ul><ul><li>Generally believed to have been invented by the English author Horace Walpole, with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto </li></ul><ul><li>Other examples of famous gothic texts include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) by Ann Radcliffe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Monk (1796) by Matthew Gregory Lewis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northanger Abbey (1818) by Jane Austen (a gothic satire) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831) by Victor Hugo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Tell-Tale Heart (1843) by Edgar Allan Poe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Brontë </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jane Eyre (1847) by Charlotte Brontë </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dracula (1897) by Bram Stoker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Phantom of the Opera (1910) by Gaston Leroux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebecca (1938) by Daphne du Maurier </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. G othic themes & characters <ul><li>Gothic themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terror (both psychological and physical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mystery, dream experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supernatural (people may be at the mercy of forces out of their control, which they do not understand) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haunted houses and Gothic architecture, castles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darkness, death, decay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madness, secrets, hero-villains who are haunted by the past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circular structure (begins and ends at same place) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gothic character types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motif of the “double”—an individual with both good and evil side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tyrants, villains, bandits, maniacs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecuted maidens, femme fatales, madwomen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vampires, werewolves, monsters, demons, ghosts </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. R ebecca on F ilm <ul><li>Released in 1940 (2 years after novel) </li></ul><ul><li>Directed by Alfred Hitchcock ( Psycho, Rear Window, Vertigo and The Birds – also based on a Du Maurier short story) </li></ul><ul><li>Produced by David O. Selznick ( Gone with the Wind ) </li></ul><ul><li>Won 2 Academy Awards, including Best Picture </li></ul><ul><li>Stars Laurence Olivier as Maxim de Winter, Joan Fontaine as his second wife, and Judith Anderson as Mrs. Danvers. </li></ul>
  21. 22. A daptation from novel -> film <ul><li>Selznick insisted the film be faithful to the novel but Hitchcock made many changes, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebecca’s death: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the novel, Maxim shoots Rebecca </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the film, he only thinks of killing her after she taunts him, whereupon she suddenly falls back, hits her head on a heavy piece of ships tackle, and dies from her head injuries, so that her death is an accident, not murder. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This was altered to comply with the “Hollywood Production Code”, which said that the murder of a spouse had to be punished. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ending: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selznick wanted the smoke from the burning Manderley to spell out a huge &quot;R&quot;. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alfred Hitchcock thought the touch lacked subtlety so replaced the smoky &quot;R&quot; with the burning of a monogrammed négligée case lying atop a bed pillow. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character of Mrs. Danvers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the novel, Mrs. Danvers is something of a jealous mother figure. Her past is mentioned in the book. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the film, Mrs. Danvers is a much younger character and her past isn't revealed at all. The only thing we know about her is that she came to Manderley when Rebecca was a bride. Hitchcock made her more like a ghostly figure. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 23. G othic themes in film <ul><li>Lighting – contrasts </li></ul><ul><li>Characterisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hero/Heroine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Villain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Supernatural </li></ul>