GALILEO GALILEI 2010 LONDON TRIP <ul><li>THIS IS A SCHOOL TRIP TO ONE OF THE MOST FASCINATING CITIES IN EUROPE </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>Created by the Roman civilisation, during the kingdom of the Roman Emperor Claudius, it started like a settlement ...
<ul><li>Surrounded by the Britons and other Celtic tribes, Londinium was an important control centre of Brittania . But, p...
<ul><li>We can see here a piece of the Roman Wall that surrounded the City. You can see it between the walls of the Tower ...
<ul><li>Finally, in the V century, the tribes of the  Anglos, Jutos  and  Saxons coming  from the North of Germany and Den...
 
<ul><li>Some centuries later, Brittania was attacked by the  Vikings  and Danish, until these people settled in the east t...
<ul><li>But in the XI century, everything changed. The king of Normandy, William the Conqueror, arrived in Brittania askin...
<ul><li>The traders and the ships transformed the town, but the bad health conditions led to the Black Death, in the XIV c...
 
<ul><li>Meanwhile, England fought against some kingdoms and territories of France over the rights to the French land. The ...
 
<ul><li>Soon, other important wars began in Europe, the Religious Wars. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry the VIII, who did not have...
 
<ul><li>He is famous for his six wives. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Hyde Park, like others, was one of the lands that belonged to the monks before Henry the VIII took it. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Little by little, the trades in England developed greatly, even more after the discovery of the New World, when th...
 
<ul><li>The most important figure in this period was not a King but a Queen, Queen Elizabeth I, from the  Tudor dynasty  ....
 
<ul><li>During this period, the sailor Francis Drake travelled around the coast of Alaska and North America. When he arriv...
<ul><li>During her reign, the Shakespeare theatre flourished . The theatre was not very appreciated by people, and for thi...
<ul><li>After that, the power of the Parliament was doubted by King Charles I, from the  Stuart Dynasty . The Parliament f...
<ul><li>After that, the monarchy returned, and the body of Cromwell was hung and beheaded. And the restoration began, with...
<ul><li>After some decades, London was faced with another plague in 1665 (it was supposed to be started by the Textile Tra...
 
<ul><li>The English Army developed enormously, arriving in new lands and settling in new islands and continents . The rich...
<ul><li>This monument was built to remember the admiral of this army, Lord Nelson, who died in the battle. The length of t...
<ul><li>At this time, another dynasty ruled the destiny of Great Britain, the Hanover dynasty, originated in Germany with ...
<ul><li>By this period, the City was so big that it reached another town on its side, Westminster. </li></ul><ul><li>This ...
<ul><li>Soon, with the inventions of the steam machine, by Watt, and the development of the industry and mining, Great Bri...
<ul><li>The Victorian period is the time when Charles Dickens and Arthur Conan Doyle lived. </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen st...
<ul><li>In the XX century, the two World Wars took place. And due to the first WW, and the anti-German feeling, the name o...
 
<ul><li>The airplane bombing during the Second World War (The Blitz) destroyed many places in the East End. In these place...
 
<ul><li>In the middle of this century, Queen Elisabeth II rose to the throne. Despite this, the country was going through ...
<ul><li>Now, we are flying to London. </li></ul><ul><li>Luton was our airport and our destination was Bloomsbury, in north...
LEICESTER SQUARE, OUR FIRST CONTACT WITH LONDON
SURROUNDED BY THE THEATRE TICKETS SHOPS, WE GOT TO TRAFALGAR SQUARE
THE CITY HAS PLENTY OF THEATRES
<ul><li>Walking down the streets, watching people who are always in a hurry , we reached Covent Garden, an ancient monks m...
<ul><li>And it was the end of our first day. The weather was fine but a bit colder at night. </li></ul><ul><li>The hotel w...
<ul><li>The second day began with a fantastic tour on a  hop-on hop-off bus. We chose the red line. </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
 
<ul><li>Saint Paul’s Cathedral is one the most famous buildings in London. In front of it, we can see a Queen Ann’s statue...
<ul><li>The Millennium bridge, by Foster, and the Tate Museum at the bottom </li></ul>
<ul><li>Little by little, we reached our destination. </li></ul><ul><li>But before that, the most famous bridge in London:...
<ul><li>It is a functioning bridge, and it can be opened for ships in less than two minutes </li></ul>
THE TOWER OF LONDON, HOME FOR SOME, A PRISON FOR OTHERS, A CERTAIN DEATH FOR THE REST
<ul><li>Built by William the Conqueror, it was spread by other kings like Henry the VIII. </li></ul><ul><li>Some victims o...
INSIDE, THE RAVENMASTER TAKES CARE OF THE RAVENS. IT IS SAID THAT IF THEY FLY AWAY, THE ENGLISH MONARCHY WILL END, BUT, OF...
 
<ul><li>After visiting the Tower and its treasures, like the crown jewellery , we took a river cruise over the Thames… </l...
 
<ul><li>Then, we took another tour bus to get to another part of the city… </li></ul>
 
THE SHERLOCK HOLMES HOUSE
 
<ul><li>Then it started to rain when we got on the bus to the hotel. And thus, we were on time for dinner </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>The third day started on a very packed tube…You know… </li></ul>
<ul><li>Our objective  was the Royal London Walk, which started near Trafalgar Square. </li></ul><ul><li>Here, we could se...
<ul><li>And  Michael Caine </li></ul>
<ul><li>After buying the tickets for a big musical show that we were going to see in the evening… we started walking, to t...
<ul><li>Downing Street at the back, the House of the Prime Minister, that at this moment was Gordon Brown </li></ul>
<ul><li>At Buckingham Palace, we were told that the Changing of the Guards couldn’t take place, and we still don’t know wh...
 
<ul><li>This is the St James’s Palace, the official home for the princes of Wales… </li></ul>
<ul><li>And after a short lunch near Westminster Abbey, we could go inside . </li></ul><ul><li>With plenty of graves and t...
AND IN THE AFTERNOON , WE VISITED THE BRITISH MUSEUM
<ul><li>We started with the Rosseta Rock, the key to transcribe the hieroglyphics writings of the Egyptians. </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Egyptian and Mesopotamian art </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Lord Elgin’s Marbles, taken off from the Parthenon and other Greek Temples </li></ul>
<ul><li>With only one hour, we can see other Greek objects … </li></ul>
<ul><li>Crafts from the First Nations of North America, like the Plains Tribes and the Totems of the North West Coast… </l...
<ul><li>And finally other objects from the Romans…and others </li></ul><ul><li>Then , the fantastic musical show WE WILL  ...
<ul><li>When we finally ended our visit, we searched, as usual, for a place to have dinner.  </li></ul><ul><li>Who really ...
<ul><li>The fourth day we visited the Science Museum, with plenty of inventions… </li></ul><ul><li>For example, a lot of s...
 
<ul><li>Later, we spent our time visiting Harrods and having lunch.  </li></ul><ul><li>This is a picture of the most famou...
<ul><li>In the afternoon, we  visited the Natural Science Museum, with all the well-known specimens of dinosaurs and ancie...
 
<ul><li>And at the end of the day, we took a walk through Hyde Park…watching monuments like the Albert Memorial… </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Lady Dyana fontaine </li></ul>
<ul><li>And later, we went to Oxford Street to do some shopping and then to have dinner… </li></ul>
<ul><li>The next day, a bit more cloudy, we went to another famous place in London: NOTTING HILL and PORTOBELLO ROAD </li>...
<ul><li>These are the houses of Notting Hill, on our way to Portobello Road and its well-known market. </li></ul>
<ul><li>And finally Portobello Market, plenty of T-shirts, postcards, colourful clothes, and many souvenirs of London </li...
<ul><li>And later, on the tube, where some of our students had to travel twice to reach Greenwich. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In Greenwich, we had to make a decision: going to the Maritime National Museum or going to the Royal Observatory. ...
<ul><li>After walking to the top of the hill… </li></ul>
<ul><li>A nice trip in the Royal Observatory, between telescopes…. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In the evening, we tried to get on the London Eye again. Unfortunately for me, it was necessary for an adult to go...
 
<ul><li>And on the last night in London, why not walking to the Monument? </li></ul>
<ul><li>And during the last morning in London, we did the last shopping in Candem Town. </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for his l...
<ul><li>And the last friends… </li></ul>
AND WE SAID GOODBYE TO LONDON AT GATWICK… BUT  WE ONLY SAID “SEE YOU TOMORROW”, NICE CITY… THE END
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2010 one london trip

  1. 1. GALILEO GALILEI 2010 LONDON TRIP <ul><li>THIS IS A SCHOOL TRIP TO ONE OF THE MOST FASCINATING CITIES IN EUROPE </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Created by the Roman civilisation, during the kingdom of the Roman Emperor Claudius, it started like a settlement in the riverside of the Thames </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Surrounded by the Britons and other Celtic tribes, Londinium was an important control centre of Brittania . But, possibly because of the problems betwen the Roman Empire and the Barbarians of the North , they had to abandon Brittania. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>We can see here a piece of the Roman Wall that surrounded the City. You can see it between the walls of the Tower of London </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Finally, in the V century, the tribes of the Anglos, Jutos and Saxons coming from the North of Germany and Denmark, occupied the east territories of Britannia. </li></ul><ul><li>In the West, we could find the Britons that later escaped and arrived in Armorica, a place that today is known as Brittany. </li></ul><ul><li>The people from Wales and other ancient tribes from “Scotia” stayed in the West and North. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Some centuries later, Brittania was attacked by the Vikings and Danish, until these people settled in the east territories. The anglosaxons fought against them and the king Alfred the Great of Wessex succeeded in this war. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>But in the XI century, everything changed. The king of Normandy, William the Conqueror, arrived in Brittania asking for his rights to the throne, and turned the country into a modern state, unifying the territory. London began to expand. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>The traders and the ships transformed the town, but the bad health conditions led to the Black Death, in the XIV century. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Meanwhile, England fought against some kingdoms and territories of France over the rights to the French land. The One hundred years War ruined the people and destroyed the land. </li></ul><ul><li>The Crusaders tried to rescue the Sacred Lands and Richard Lyon Heart died while John without Land was forced to accept the conditions of the aristocratic people of London. </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Soon, other important wars began in Europe, the Religious Wars. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry the VIII, who did not have permission from the Pope to divorce one of his wives, became the Head of a new religion, the Anglican Religion, and, because of that, he killed some oponents and took the lands of the monks, transforming the whole city of London. </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>He is famous for his six wives. </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Hyde Park, like others, was one of the lands that belonged to the monks before Henry the VIII took it. </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Little by little, the trades in England developed greatly, even more after the discovery of the New World, when the Kingdom won the war against one of its main enemies, Spain. </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>The most important figure in this period was not a King but a Queen, Queen Elizabeth I, from the Tudor dynasty . The Isabeline style marked this period of history in England and London. </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>During this period, the sailor Francis Drake travelled around the coast of Alaska and North America. When he arrived in London, in his boat, the Golden Hinde, the Queen gave him the title of Sir. </li></ul><ul><li>After that, he was known by the Spanish people as Drake, the pirate. </li></ul>
  16. 23. <ul><li>During her reign, the Shakespeare theatre flourished . The theatre was not very appreciated by people, and for this reason, the theatres were first built in Southwark, between taverns, and houses with bad reputation. </li></ul>
  17. 24. <ul><li>After that, the power of the Parliament was doubted by King Charles I, from the Stuart Dynasty . The Parliament forces, led by Oliver Cromwell, won the war against Charles, and a dictatorial period began, in which many Christians in England, Scotland and Ireland were killed. </li></ul>
  18. 25. <ul><li>After that, the monarchy returned, and the body of Cromwell was hung and beheaded. And the restoration began, with the next Stuart King, Charles the II. </li></ul>
  19. 26. <ul><li>After some decades, London was faced with another plague in 1665 (it was supposed to be started by the Textile Traders of Holland) and the big fire in 1666. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the Monument, built to remember this fire. </li></ul>
  20. 28. <ul><li>The English Army developed enormously, arriving in new lands and settling in new islands and continents . The richness of the country increased and its power in the seas became obvious when the Army won the battle of Trafalgar, against the Spanish and French people. </li></ul>
  21. 29. <ul><li>This monument was built to remember the admiral of this army, Lord Nelson, who died in the battle. The length of this column is the length of the main stick of his boat, the HMS Victory. </li></ul>
  22. 30. <ul><li>At this time, another dynasty ruled the destiny of Great Britain, the Hanover dynasty, originated in Germany with George I, who never learned the English language. This marked a new style in architecture, the Georgian style. We can find many Georgian houses in Bloomsbury, the place we stayed in London. </li></ul>
  23. 31. <ul><li>By this period, the City was so big that it reached another town on its side, Westminster. </li></ul><ul><li>This place is the point where the two towns meet. </li></ul>
  24. 32. <ul><li>Soon, with the inventions of the steam machine, by Watt, and the development of the industry and mining, Great Britain became one of the richest countries in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Apart from this, it became a powerful colonial Empire, mainly with Queen Victoria. </li></ul>
  25. 33. <ul><li>The Victorian period is the time when Charles Dickens and Arthur Conan Doyle lived. </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen started a new dynasty, the Sajonia-Coburg Gotha dynasty. </li></ul>
  26. 34. <ul><li>In the XX century, the two World Wars took place. And due to the first WW, and the anti-German feeling, the name of the Dynasty changed to Windsor. The industrial development caused the first pollution problems in the town because of the use of coal in houses and industries. </li></ul>
  27. 36. <ul><li>The airplane bombing during the Second World War (The Blitz) destroyed many places in the East End. In these places, we now have modern buildings and empty spaces. </li></ul>
  28. 38. <ul><li>In the middle of this century, Queen Elisabeth II rose to the throne. Despite this, the country was going through several problems including many changes in politics, facing unemployement, immigration, European changes, etc. </li></ul>
  29. 39. <ul><li>Now, we are flying to London. </li></ul><ul><li>Luton was our airport and our destination was Bloomsbury, in north London, near the British Museum and Russell Square. </li></ul>
  30. 40. LEICESTER SQUARE, OUR FIRST CONTACT WITH LONDON
  31. 41. SURROUNDED BY THE THEATRE TICKETS SHOPS, WE GOT TO TRAFALGAR SQUARE
  32. 42. THE CITY HAS PLENTY OF THEATRES
  33. 43. <ul><li>Walking down the streets, watching people who are always in a hurry , we reached Covent Garden, an ancient monks market transformed into a pretty square </li></ul>
  34. 44. <ul><li>And it was the end of our first day. The weather was fine but a bit colder at night. </li></ul><ul><li>The hotel was full of student groups, many of them from Spain, but there were also Italian, British people… </li></ul>
  35. 45. <ul><li>The second day began with a fantastic tour on a hop-on hop-off bus. We chose the red line. </li></ul><ul><li>The bus passed along the British Museum </li></ul>
  36. 47. <ul><li>Saint Paul’s Cathedral is one the most famous buildings in London. In front of it, we can see a Queen Ann’s statue. This Queen was the first Queen for both the English, Scottish and Irish. </li></ul><ul><li>It is said that her eyes are watching a pub </li></ul>
  37. 48. <ul><li>The Millennium bridge, by Foster, and the Tate Museum at the bottom </li></ul>
  38. 49. <ul><li>Little by little, we reached our destination. </li></ul><ul><li>But before that, the most famous bridge in London: The Tower Bridge </li></ul>
  39. 50. <ul><li>It is a functioning bridge, and it can be opened for ships in less than two minutes </li></ul>
  40. 51. THE TOWER OF LONDON, HOME FOR SOME, A PRISON FOR OTHERS, A CERTAIN DEATH FOR THE REST
  41. 52. <ul><li>Built by William the Conqueror, it was spread by other kings like Henry the VIII. </li></ul><ul><li>Some victims of this king, entered through this gate, and were never released,,, </li></ul>
  42. 53. INSIDE, THE RAVENMASTER TAKES CARE OF THE RAVENS. IT IS SAID THAT IF THEY FLY AWAY, THE ENGLISH MONARCHY WILL END, BUT, OF COURSE, IT IS NOT POSSIBLE, AS THEIR WINGS ARE CLIPPED
  43. 55. <ul><li>After visiting the Tower and its treasures, like the crown jewellery , we took a river cruise over the Thames… </li></ul>
  44. 57. <ul><li>Then, we took another tour bus to get to another part of the city… </li></ul>
  45. 59. THE SHERLOCK HOLMES HOUSE
  46. 61. <ul><li>Then it started to rain when we got on the bus to the hotel. And thus, we were on time for dinner </li></ul>
  47. 63. <ul><li>The third day started on a very packed tube…You know… </li></ul>
  48. 64. <ul><li>Our objective was the Royal London Walk, which started near Trafalgar Square. </li></ul><ul><li>Here, we could see some Harry’s Hawks … </li></ul>
  49. 65. <ul><li>And Michael Caine </li></ul>
  50. 66. <ul><li>After buying the tickets for a big musical show that we were going to see in the evening… we started walking, to the Buckingham Gardens and the Whitehall… </li></ul>
  51. 67. <ul><li>Downing Street at the back, the House of the Prime Minister, that at this moment was Gordon Brown </li></ul>
  52. 68. <ul><li>At Buckingham Palace, we were told that the Changing of the Guards couldn’t take place, and we still don’t know why. </li></ul>
  53. 70. <ul><li>This is the St James’s Palace, the official home for the princes of Wales… </li></ul>
  54. 71. <ul><li>And after a short lunch near Westminster Abbey, we could go inside . </li></ul><ul><li>With plenty of graves and tombs, we could also find the mausoleums of Elisabeth I, Mary I Tudor, Haendel, Chaucer, Darwin, Cromwell </li></ul>
  55. 72. AND IN THE AFTERNOON , WE VISITED THE BRITISH MUSEUM
  56. 73. <ul><li>We started with the Rosseta Rock, the key to transcribe the hieroglyphics writings of the Egyptians. </li></ul><ul><li>Found by the French, it was part of a Peace Treaty between the two countries. </li></ul>
  57. 74. <ul><li>Egyptian and Mesopotamian art </li></ul>
  58. 75. <ul><li>The Lord Elgin’s Marbles, taken off from the Parthenon and other Greek Temples </li></ul>
  59. 76. <ul><li>With only one hour, we can see other Greek objects … </li></ul>
  60. 77. <ul><li>Crafts from the First Nations of North America, like the Plains Tribes and the Totems of the North West Coast… </li></ul>
  61. 78. <ul><li>And finally other objects from the Romans…and others </li></ul><ul><li>Then , the fantastic musical show WE WILL ROCK YOU, based on the music and life of Queen </li></ul>
  62. 79. <ul><li>When we finally ended our visit, we searched, as usual, for a place to have dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>Who really knows what the children had ? Maybe another McDonalds’ burger? Another pizza? </li></ul>
  63. 80. <ul><li>The fourth day we visited the Science Museum, with plenty of inventions… </li></ul><ul><li>For example, a lot of steam machines… </li></ul>
  64. 82. <ul><li>Later, we spent our time visiting Harrods and having lunch. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a picture of the most famous department store in London: Harrods. Inside , you can find a lot of Egyptian decorations </li></ul>
  65. 83. <ul><li>In the afternoon, we visited the Natural Science Museum, with all the well-known specimens of dinosaurs and ancient reptiles </li></ul>
  66. 85. <ul><li>And at the end of the day, we took a walk through Hyde Park…watching monuments like the Albert Memorial… </li></ul>
  67. 86. <ul><li>The Lady Dyana fontaine </li></ul>
  68. 87. <ul><li>And later, we went to Oxford Street to do some shopping and then to have dinner… </li></ul>
  69. 88. <ul><li>The next day, a bit more cloudy, we went to another famous place in London: NOTTING HILL and PORTOBELLO ROAD </li></ul>
  70. 89. <ul><li>These are the houses of Notting Hill, on our way to Portobello Road and its well-known market. </li></ul>
  71. 90. <ul><li>And finally Portobello Market, plenty of T-shirts, postcards, colourful clothes, and many souvenirs of London </li></ul>
  72. 91. <ul><li>And later, on the tube, where some of our students had to travel twice to reach Greenwich. </li></ul>
  73. 92. <ul><li>In Greenwich, we had to make a decision: going to the Maritime National Museum or going to the Royal Observatory. We chose the latter option, seeing the Oº Meridian and the division between East and West. </li></ul>
  74. 93. <ul><li>After walking to the top of the hill… </li></ul>
  75. 94. <ul><li>A nice trip in the Royal Observatory, between telescopes…. </li></ul>
  76. 95. <ul><li>In the evening, we tried to get on the London Eye again. Unfortunately for me, it was necessary for an adult to go with the students: another small sacrifice … </li></ul>
  77. 97. <ul><li>And on the last night in London, why not walking to the Monument? </li></ul>
  78. 98. <ul><li>And during the last morning in London, we did the last shopping in Candem Town. </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for his leather jackets, we can found some strange places… </li></ul>
  79. 99. <ul><li>And the last friends… </li></ul>
  80. 100. AND WE SAID GOODBYE TO LONDON AT GATWICK… BUT WE ONLY SAID “SEE YOU TOMORROW”, NICE CITY… THE END

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