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Review on Plastic-bag Levy and Suggestion on Reduction of Plastic Bag Scheme in Hong Kong Cheuk Chi Pun, Alex (09409440) W...
Review on Plastic-bag Levy and Suggestion on Reduction of Plastic Bag Scheme in Hong Kong <ul><li>Environmental concerns <...
Introduction <ul><li>After implementation of the levy on Plastic Shopping Bags </li></ul><ul><li>Before </li></ul><ul><li>...
International Experience <ul><li>1.  Taiwan  ( introduced “ Restricted Use Policy on Plastic Shopping Bags in 2002) </li><...
Problems arose after implementation of the levy scheme   <ul><li>Increase Plastic  </li></ul><ul><li>content waste </li></...
2. Increase the usage of paper bag   <ul><li>1. Harmful to eutrophication of water bodies, water consumption, greenhouse e...
Economic Aspect <ul><li>Strike of Financial Tsunami in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic-bag Levy imposed hurdle to recovery ...
Decrease of retailers’ income <ul><li>Hong Kong Retail Management Association (HKRMA) survey: </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease i...
Increase financial burden of low-income groups <ul><li>In the past, 90% of plastic bags were reused as rubbish bags </li><...
GHK Consultant Report <ul><li>“ Assessment of Benefits and Effects of the Plastic Shopping Bag Charging Scheme” (2007) </l...
Advantages of Voluntary Approach <ul><li>the government involvement and resource would become minimal  </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Example of Voluntary Campaigns <ul><li>“Every Day No Plastic Bag” Campaign by HKRMA  </li></ul><ul><li>90,000,000 plastic ...
Conclusion and Recommendation <ul><li>Reduce the usage of plastic bags through voluntary approach </li></ul><ul><li>The go...
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Final Review On Plastic Bag Levy And Suggestion On Reduction Of Plastic Bag Scheme In Hong Kong

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Final Review On Plastic Bag Levy And Suggestion On Reduction Of Plastic Bag Scheme In Hong Kong

  1. 1. Review on Plastic-bag Levy and Suggestion on Reduction of Plastic Bag Scheme in Hong Kong Cheuk Chi Pun, Alex (09409440) Wong Wing Cheung, Mark (09409521)
  2. 2. Review on Plastic-bag Levy and Suggestion on Reduction of Plastic Bag Scheme in Hong Kong <ul><li>Environmental concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Economic aspect </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>After implementation of the levy on Plastic Shopping Bags </li></ul><ul><li>Before </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse ( storgae, transport, or rubblish bags) </li></ul><ul><li>After </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rubbish bags, pre-packaging bags, paper bags , recycled bags and a series of environmental problems arose from this scheme. </li></ul>
  4. 4. International Experience <ul><li>1. Taiwan ( introduced “ Restricted Use Policy on Plastic Shopping Bags in 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>2 . Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>a) Environmental Levy on Plastic Bags was introduced in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>b)London councils dropped the scheme in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Increase plastic waste ( trash bags, Pre-packing bags) </li></ul><ul><li>Paper bags </li></ul>
  5. 5. Problems arose after implementation of the levy scheme <ul><li>Increase Plastic </li></ul><ul><li>content waste </li></ul><ul><li>(Pre-packing bag </li></ul><ul><li>, Rubbish bag </li></ul><ul><li>, Recycled </li></ul><ul><li>shopping bag ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2. Increase the usage of paper bag <ul><li>1. Harmful to eutrophication of water bodies, water consumption, greenhouse emissions. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Increase the landfill pressure </li></ul>
  7. 7. Economic Aspect <ul><li>Strike of Financial Tsunami in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic-bag Levy imposed hurdle to recovery of economy in HK </li></ul><ul><li>- Decrease of retailers’ income </li></ul><ul><li>- Increase financial burden of low-income groups </li></ul>
  8. 8. Decrease of retailers’ income <ul><li>Hong Kong Retail Management Association (HKRMA) survey: </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in sales volume </li></ul><ul><li>About 2 to 3 dollars decreased per transaction </li></ul><ul><li>Total sales volume dropped 10% when comparing with last year statistics. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Increase financial burden of low-income groups <ul><li>In the past, 90% of plastic bags were reused as rubbish bags </li></ul><ul><li>Extra spending on rubbish bags </li></ul><ul><li>Extra spending on the levy </li></ul>
  10. 10. GHK Consultant Report <ul><li>“ Assessment of Benefits and Effects of the Plastic Shopping Bag Charging Scheme” (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>The report studied on the possible charging schemes for plastic shopping bag </li></ul><ul><li>The report suggest the government “continue with its voluntary initiative but invest further resources in actively promoting and managing it to increase participation and harness the strength of stakeholder goodwill identified during the viewseeking exercise” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Advantages of Voluntary Approach <ul><li>the government involvement and resource would become minimal </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal disruption for consumers, manufacturers and retailers. </li></ul><ul><li>No incentive to switch to alternative bags means a clear environmental benefit from reduced bag use, weight and bulk </li></ul>
  12. 12. Example of Voluntary Campaigns <ul><li>“Every Day No Plastic Bag” Campaign by HKRMA </li></ul><ul><li>90,000,000 plastic bags were saved in the first 3 months of the campaign </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion and Recommendation <ul><li>Reduce the usage of plastic bags through voluntary approach </li></ul><ul><li>The government should be patient to the final result of voluntary campaigns before jump into conclusion </li></ul>

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