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T H E A R T I C L E

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T H E A R T I C L E

  1. 1. THE ARTICLE Geographical names with and without the Geographical names with and without the
  2. 2. <ul><li>C ONTINENTS </li></ul><ul><li>We do not say the with the names of continents. </li></ul><ul><li>Africa Asia Europe South America </li></ul><ul><li>COUNTRIES AND STATES </li></ul><ul><li>We do not usually say the with the names of countries and states . </li></ul><ul><li>France Japan West Germany </li></ul><ul><li>But we say the with names which include words like “republic”, “union”, “kingdom”: </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet Union the United Kingdom </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>We also use the with plural names </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>CITIES </li></ul><ul><li>We do not say the with the names of cities, towns, villages: </li></ul><ul><li>Cairo New York Madrid But The Hague </li></ul><ul><li>ISLANDS </li></ul><ul><li>Island groups usually have plural names with the : </li></ul><ul><li>The Bahamas the Canary Islands </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>REGIONS </li></ul><ul><li>We say : The Middle East the Far East </li></ul><ul><li>the north of England but northern England </li></ul><ul><li>MOUNTAINS </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain ranges usually have plural names with the : </li></ul><ul><li>the Rocky Mountains the Andes the Alps </li></ul><ul><li>But individuals mountains usually have names without the : </li></ul><ul><li>Everest Aneto </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>LAKES </li></ul><ul><li>Lakes usually have names without the : </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Superior Lake Constance </li></ul><ul><li>OCEANS – SEAS - RIVERS – CANALS </li></ul><ul><li>the Atlantic the Indian Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>the Mediterranean the Red Sea </li></ul><ul><li>the Nile the Amazon the Thames </li></ul><ul><li>the Suez Canal the Panama Canal </li></ul>

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