Herbert marshall mc luhan


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Herbert marshall mc luhan

  1. 1. Herbert Marshall McLuhan July 21, 1911 – December 31, 1980
  2. 2. Herbert Marshall <ul><li>Herbert was a Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar, a professor of English literature, a literary critic, a rhetorician, and a communication theorist. </li></ul><ul><li>McLuhan's work is viewed as one of the cornerstones of the study of media theory . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background Information <ul><li>McLuhan was born in Edmonton, Alberta, on July 21, 1911 to Methodist parents Elsie Naomi ( née Hall) and Herbert Ernest McLuhan. </li></ul><ul><li>McLuhan's father enlisted in the Canadian army when his business failed and World War I and contracted influenza </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Marshall - McLuhan Family <ul><li>&quot;Marshall&quot; was a family name: his maternal grandmother's surname. </li></ul><ul><li>His mother was a Baptist schoolteacher who later in life became an actress. </li></ul><ul><li>His father had a real estate business in Edmonton </li></ul>
  5. 5. More Background Info. <ul><li>After Herbert's discharge from the army in 1915, the McLuhan family moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba, </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall went to school attending Kelvin Technical High School before enrolling in the University of Manitoba in 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>McLuhan earned a BA (1933)—winning a University Gold Medal in Arts and Sciences—and MA (1934) in English from the University of Manitoba </li></ul>
  6. 6. Education <ul><li>He had always wanted to pursue graduate studies in England and McLuhan was accepted for enrollment at the University of Cambridge. </li></ul><ul><li>He entered Trinity Hall, Cambridge in the Fall of 1934, where he studied under I. A. Richards and F. R. Leavis, and was influenced by New Criticism </li></ul>
  7. 7. Education Continued <ul><li>These studies formed an important precursor to his later ideas on technological forms </li></ul><ul><li>He received his bachelor's degree from Cambridge in 1936 and began graduate work. </li></ul><ul><li>While studying the trivium at Cambridge he took the first steps toward his eventual conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1937, founded on his reading of G. K. Chesterton. </li></ul><ul><li>After consulting with a minister, his father accepted the decision to convert, despite his mother’s objections </li></ul>
  8. 8. Religion <ul><li>McLuhan was devout throughout his life, but his religion remained a private matter. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a lifelong interest in the number three—the trivium, the Trinity—and sometimes said that the Virgin Mary provided intellectual guidance for him </li></ul><ul><li>For the rest of his career he taught </li></ul><ul><li>in Roman Catholic institutions of </li></ul><ul><li>higher education. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Teaching Career <ul><li>From 1937 to 1944 he taught English at Saint Louis University </li></ul><ul><li>At Saint Louis he tutored and befriended Walter J. Ong, S.J. (1912–2003) </li></ul><ul><li>He was awarded a Ph.D. in December 1943 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Teaching Career Continued <ul><li>From 1944 to 1946 McLuhan taught at Assumption College in Windsor, Ontario. </li></ul><ul><li>Moving to Toronto in 1946, McLuhan joined the faculty of St. Michael's College, a Catholic college of the University of Toronto </li></ul>
  11. 11. Advancements In His Field <ul><li>In the early 1950s, McLuhan began the Communication and Culture seminars, funded by the Ford Foundation, at the University of Toronto. </li></ul><ul><li>His reputation grew, and the University of Toronto, desperate to keep him, created the Centre for Culture and Technology in 1963. </li></ul><ul><li>McLuhan was named to the Albert Schweitzer Chair in Humanities at Fordham University in the Bronx, New York, for one year (1967–68). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sickness and Recovery <ul><li>While at Fordham, McLuhan was diagnosed with a benign brain tumor; it was treated successfully. </li></ul><ul><li>He returned to Toronto where for the rest of his life, he worked at the University of Toronto and lived in Wychwood Park. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Interesting Information <ul><li>Marshall and Corinne McLuhan had six children: Eric, twins Mary and Teresa, Stephanie, Elizabeth and Michael. </li></ul><ul><li>The demanding costs of supporting a large family eventually drove McLuhan to advertising work and consulting and speaking seminars for large corporations such as IBM and AT&T. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Stroke, Followed By Death <ul><li>The University of Toronto's School of Graduate Studies attempted to close his research centre shortly after the stroke but was stopped by substantial protests </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous protestor was Woody Allen, (McLuhan had a cameo role in Allen's Oscar-winning motion picture Annie Hall ). </li></ul><ul><li>Mcluhan never fully recovered from the stroke and died in his sleep on December 31, 1980. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Works Cited <ul><li>“ MarshallMcLuhan.” </li></ul><ul><li>  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_McLuhan .  April, 2010.   </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The End! </li></ul>