Anatomy urinary system

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Anatomy urinary system

  1. 1. Urinary System<br />
  2. 2. What are the organs of the urinary system?<br />Kidneys<br />Ureter<br />Urethra<br />Urinary Bladder<br />
  3. 3. What are the organs of the urinary tract?<br />Ureter<br />Urinary bladder<br />Urethra<br />
  4. 4. What are the main functions of the Urinary system?<br />Removal of waste<br />Storage of urine<br />Excretion of urine<br />Regulation of blood PH levels<br />Regulation of blood fluid volume levels<br />
  5. 5. Where are the kidneys located?<br />The superior pole of the kidney is located around thoracic vertebrae number 12.<br />The inferior pole is located around lumbar vertebrae number 3.<br />
  6. 6. Label: Renal cortex, renal medulla, renal pyramids, renal columns, and renal papilla. <br />
  7. 7. Label: Minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, ureter<br />
  8. 8. What is the main blood supply to the kidneys?<br />Renal arteries<br />
  9. 9. What is the vein that drains the kidneys?<br />Renal vein <br />
  10. 10. What rhythmic movements of smooth muscle propel urine along the length of the ureter?<br />Peristalsis<br />
  11. 11. What organ serves as a reservoir for urine?<br />Urinary bladder<br />
  12. 12. Label: Internal urethral sphincter, external urethral sphincter, and urethra<br />
  13. 13. How long is the female urethra?<br />3-5 centimeters<br />
  14. 14. How long is the male urethra?<br />18-20 centimeters long<br />
  15. 15. What blood vessel supplies the kidneys with blood?<br />A. Hepatic vein<br />B. Renal Artery<br />C. Renal Vein<br />D. Superior Vena Cava<br />
  16. 16. How many muscular sphincter surround the urethra?<br />A. Six<br />B. Two<br />C. One<br />D. None<br />
  17. 17. In what part of a kidney do the vessels, nerves, and ureters connect to it?<br />Hilum<br />
  18. 18. One kidney is lower then the other which one? Why?<br />Right Kidney<br />The larger size of the right lobe of the liver<br />
  19. 19. Where do the ureters enter the bladder?<br />Posterolateral wall<br />
  20. 20. How much cardiac output passes through the kidneys?<br />20-25 %<br />

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