Battle Of Stalingrad


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Battle Of Stalingrad

  1. 1. Battle Of Stalingrad <ul><ul><li>August 21, 1942 - February 2, 1943 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Daniel 8-2 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Combatants <ul><li>AXIS </li></ul><ul><li>-Germany </li></ul><ul><li>-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>-Italy </li></ul><ul><li>-Romania </li></ul><ul><li>ALLIES </li></ul><ul><li>- Soviet Union </li></ul>STRENGTH 1,011,000 men 10,250 artillery 675 tanks 402 aircraft STRENGTH 1,103,000 men 15,501 artillery 1463 tanks 1,115 aircraft
  3. 3. Stalingrad <ul><li>Stalingrad means “Stalin City” in Russian </li></ul><ul><li>Honored after Stalin after his efforts in defending the city during the Russian Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Under Stalin, during WWII, it became the centre of heavy industry for Russia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Importance of Stalingrad to Germany -It was a heavy industrial city -Stalingrad was on the banks of the Volga River (Vital Transportation Route) -It was near large oil deposits -It had the name of Hitler’s nemesis (Joseph Stalin)
  5. 5. Beginning of the Battle <ul><li>Luftwaffe (German Air Force) began to bomb the city into ruins and after destroyed 80% of living space </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens of Stalingrad were told not to get out of the city, but to form militias to defend the city until the army arrived to take care of it </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin ordered to defend city at all costs </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Fighting Continued <ul><li>Soon after 3 months, 90% of Stalingrad was taken over by Germans </li></ul><ul><li>The life of a new recruit of the Soviet Union was less than 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Battle in the city was brutal and intense </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers fought in temperatures as low as -30°C </li></ul>
  7. 7. Operation Uranus <ul><li>Soviet Commanders concentrated their troops in the North and South, as both of the Germans’ flank was defended by poorly trained Hungarian, Italian and Romanian troops </li></ul><ul><li>Soon, Soviet troops pushed through both of the flanks and soon raced west to surround Stalingrad in a ring of troops </li></ul>
  8. 8. German Pocket <ul><li>230,000 Axis Troops soon found themselves in a pocket around the Soviet Troops </li></ul><ul><li>Soon Soviet Troops put themselves in a wall of fortification, 1 line facing inwards to prevent breakout and 1 line facing outwards to prevent any aid to the trapped Axis troops </li></ul>
  9. 9. Low Supplies <ul><li>Axis troops were beginning to fight with little ammunition for days without any food or medicine </li></ul><ul><li>The loss of two airfields meant no more air drop of supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Axis troops had to retreat back into the city </li></ul>
  10. 10. Soviet Victory <ul><li>The Axis troops were beginning to be moved out of the city by Soviet troops advancing </li></ul><ul><li>By February 2 nd 1943, all the German troops have surrendered and were held captive as prisoners of war </li></ul><ul><li>91,000 Axis Troops were captured and at the end of the war, only 5,000 returned to Germany </li></ul>AXIS Casualties 740,000 killed or wounded 110,000 Captured SOVIET UNION Casualties 750,000 Killed or wounded 40,000 Civilian deaths
  11. 11. Civilian Service <ul><li>Children and women were used to build trenches and fortifications </li></ul><ul><li>Young women were operating Anti-Aircraft guns to take down bombers </li></ul><ul><li>“ Workers Militia” made up of Factory workers were relied on in the beginning of the battle </li></ul>Women, children and factory workers played an important part in the battle
  12. 12. Battle of Stalingrad <ul><li>This would be one of the most bloodiest battles in history with 1,530,000 Killed or wounded </li></ul><ul><li>The battle lasted 199 days (around 7700 casualties each day) </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet victory of this battle finally stopped German advance into Russia </li></ul><ul><li>A major number of German armies have been captured and it was a turning point in WW2 </li></ul>